Dendrobium cucullatum flowering in our garden

Dendrobium cucullatum R. Brown 1822 with over 200 flowers

Our family had been growing orchids and ornamental plants for several generations.  My grandmother is a plant and orchid lover, I have several aunts who cultivate and grow different flowering plants in their backyard or at  their farms.

Dendrobium cucullatum grown on a Mac Arthur palm  (Ptychosperma macarthurii )   for  about 3 -years

Mac Arthur Palm was introduced to the Philippines during the American colonization and was a popular ornamental palm : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptychosperma_macarthurii

Click to access ptymaca.pdf

I think we got curious and have acquired our first pendulous -type of Dendrobium species  Dendrobium cucullatum aka Dendrobium pierardii  in the mid-1990’s when my mother went to her hometown in Bicol . According to her,  This particular orchid species  was widely cultivated in Bicol.  She also reminiscent  that when she visited the last time, around mid- 1980’s . she saw  massive clumps in one of her second cousin’s backyard.   She only took some photos and did not bother  to ask for a few keikis ‘ anaks” .

 Dendrobium cucullatum  clumps more than one ( 1) meter -long attached to the trunks of Mac Arthur palm

This orchid, Dendrobium aphyllum (Roxburgh) C.E.C. Fischer is previously called Dendrobium pierardii Roxburgh ex Hooker, which is now considered a synonyms.

Common Names:

Here in the Philippines ,  people  called this  orchid  species ” fairy sanggumay ” ,  ” dainty sanggumay ” , ” lesser sanggumay ” ” salome ”  or simply ” sanggumay” .   The flower are not as massive compared to the local sanggumay  ( Dendrobium anosmum ) and the flowers are pale in color , There somewhat  faint smell on the flowers .  The pendulous canes are thinner compared to the typical Dendrobium anosmum. Some neighbors in Novaliches would also have some small clumps of these orchid species tuck in one corner of their garden.

Renaming:

Then, in 2003, orchid experts Mr.  Eric Christenson and Mr. Howard Wood turned everything upside-down when they pronounced that D. aphyllum was not the same species as D. pierardii after all. They asserted that the plant William Roxburgh had illustrated back in the eighteenth century was a related but rather different species, which in 2003 was widely known as D. macrostachyum (never popular in horticulture due to its small, dully coloured flowers, but unusually widespread in the wild, from Sri Lanka to Australia and most areas in between). They also pointed out that the long-neglected name D. cucullatum was slightly older than D. pierardii.

It was again returned back to its original name Dendrobium aphyllum sometime 2010 after the some errors was reported .  But for the purposes of writing this article , i will stick to the 2003 re-naming .

Economic and Ethno-Botanical Importance:

Some internet sites call this hooded orchid, hooded cow orchid , since the flowers looked like a cone shaped -lip .  My father would call this Tiāngōng shíhú 天宮石斛 in reference to the pendulous habitat and it grow epiphytic . Some Chinese drugstore in Manila and in many Asian cities would used the dry canes for medicinal purposes .

In the Philippines, superstitious beliefs may vary from one town to another. It may depend on one person to another on ‘why’ they would cultivate and propagate these lovely orchid species in their backyard or properties.

One orchid collector  considered them as lucky plants ( when they started growing and collecting Dendrobium anosmum and Dendrobium cucullatum – Their business gradually flourish and got more clients  .

Dendrobium cucullatum / aphyllum were mounted on old trees

A backyard grower  believes that it is considered unlucky since they are pendulous and growing downward position thus gave away all their orchids ( Sayang ! ) . Another collector believes that they ward -off evil spirits and thus  planted their orchids near the entrance of one’s abode or house.  Another neighbor told us that she saw some Aetas using the canes for their native handicrafts in Zambales .

Dendrobium aphyllum / cucullatum grown within Far Eastern University campus

This orchid is also popular among landscapers and property owners with large trees or palms .  I saw a lot of mature specimen -sized orchids on large trees in Ayala-Alabang Village, Greenhills Village, Corinthian Gardens, Valle Verde,  Forbes Park, Rizal Park , Far Eastern University – Nicanor Reyes Street , De La Salle University and Ugu Bigyan Pottery Compound .

a fairy sanggumay mounted on a duhat tree  ( Syzygium cumini ) within  Mrs. Adelina Almerol residence

When i attended an eyeball of the Pinoy Coke Fanatics  last March 1, 2014 held at Ipil street , Marikina Heights, Marikina City  – I walked from Ipil street  number 1 to 150 plus.  Along Ipil street ,  I saw several homes growing this particular orchid species mounted on living tree such as caimito, mango,  jackfruit  ( langka/ nangka)  ,guava, madre de cacao ( Gliricida sepium ), duhat tree and even in boungainvillea ! I was surprise the almost total neglect that the homeowners gave to their orchids, and some even thought that are  almost dead!!!!!

bougainvillea with a small clump of fairy sanggumay on the trunks

Although i did not not won any major prize during the raffle and contest held at the premises  . I was rewarded by Tita Adelina Almerol , the owner of the place whom i tried to ask some keikis . She  told me to just get some keikis in one of the duhat trees. ” Maraming Salamat po Ulit” rest assured that i will propagate those keikis!

 Dendrobium cucullatum orchid festoon this guava tree

Her garden is simple but with a lot of big trees and full of native Dendrobium anosmum, Dendrobium cucullatum and Dendrobium crumenatum .

a jack fruit tree with orchids ( Dendrobium anosmum and  Dendrobium cucullatum ) attached to its main trunk add beauty to the landscape

Some of her neighbors also have some orchids too!!!! I tried to ask her about when did she started growing them?  According to her,  The   sanggumays, she refers to both small ( Dendrobium cucullatum ) and big types  ( Dendrobium anosmum )as she brought from the province. Most of the orchids are more than a decade -old.

Another duhat tree with  Dendrobium anosmum , Dendrobium cucullatum/ aphyllum and a Philodendron species

We used to have at least 100 fully grown specimen sized- plants of Dendrobium cucullatum collected from  Nueva Ecija, Masbate, Sorsogon, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Bulacan , Pampanga, Albay, Marinduque , Ilocos , Pangasinan and even Metro Manila .  Some were bought at the Manila Seedling Bank,  sunday market,  orchid peddlers , some are just given to me as keikis  by neighbors and friends . I carefully tagged the different kinds or localities . However during the BIG construction boom ,  Almost half of our 100 specimen -sized  Dendrobium cucullatum orchids were among the first casualties due to theft, concrete cement pouring by construction workers who cared-less for these native orchids ! Hindi man lang kayo nagpasintabi ….Tsk tsk tsk….

BUT just not to spark any flame wars with our neighbors who cared -less for these native orchids. HUH they do not have an idea it took almost 20 -years of collection ?

We just rescued all the orchids, hoyas, native ferns and attached them to a living host palms, trees and even re-potted some of the remaining survivors . We hope to re-collect some of the species we lost ! Ganyan talaga ang Buhay !

Growing and Propagation Method:

My growing techniques are simple and are tested , I would divide the clumps after the flowering season into 5 to 6 pseudo- bulbs from a specimen or “mother orchid” mounting them in small pre-cut kakawate wood putting a few mosses on top to keep the root in moist condition.  When tree fern slabs were still common in the garden stalls , I would use them as a material before.

a juvenile plant mounted on a tree fern slab with small cloth ( with slow release fertilizers)

I would put some mosses or fern roots ( pasdak  ) on the keikis in order for them to get establish before removing them when they reach at least 10- inch long with most of the roots covering the moss or fern roots. Thus the survival rate will be higher.

I would give them about 1- month rest period after blooming . Then  fertilize my Dendrobium cucullatum or Dendrobium anosmum with a diluted NPK 20-20-20 every twice a week  – reduce strength from the label.

Alternately giving them organic fertilizers and different brands of fertilizer once in a while  ( example Peters , Siam, Gaviota ) . During its growing season ( starts after they bloom , when you see new growth had started mostly around  late April or Mid- May  ) . I would put a small bag of slow release fertilizer (  gather used stockings, socks and old clothes sew them into a small tea bag -like pack .

I had to put between 20 to 30 pellets of slow release fertilizer for a full grown orchid  plant and between 10 to 15 pellets of slow release fertilizer for a immature orchid keikis , This will boost the growing rate of these orchid, normally since it is hot and rainy by the time their growing season started. I had to repeat putting the granules every 1 month , It is faster in tropical regions of the world that slow release fertilizers would leach-out their properties rather in the temperate areas ( mostly 2 months ) . The more frequent it rains , the more chances that we need to replenish the slow release fertilizers and start applying fungicide before the onset of the rainy season too ! I have to repeat this at least 5 to 6 times within the growing period from late March till October or November  ( growing season may also vary from region to region and by continents )  . I would slowly stop my fertilization to all my Dendrobium ( deciduous type  ) .

a smaller flowering sized – Dendrobium given to me as keikis 3 weeks -ago by Ms. Adelina  Almerol of Marikina City

I have to wait until the last growth and slowly minimizing my watering cycle from almost daily ( due to monsoon rains everyday – We get at least 91- inches of rain in Novaliches, Quezon City  area ) To almost twice-a  week by October and almost once a week watering cycle by November . When the growth is plump and the leaves are mature enough. Slowly reduce the watering and by late November or early December,  Start to dry the deciduous-type of Dendrobiums . I completely stop all watering and just reduce all  watering activities to just misting the surrounding areas and plants just to avoid too much shivering of the pseudo-bulbs. At this time all leaves are becoming yellow or had fallen -off the pseudo-bulbs.

Within 1 or 2 months period, Maybe late January ,  February until first week of March  , You can see small bumps at the pseudo-bulbs indicating that flowering is on its way . You can resume watering , flowers can last between a few days ( maybe due to thrips )up to at least 2 weeks.

Habitat and Distribution Range:

This orchid species can be found in wide range of habitat from 100 meter elevation up to more than 1,000 meters  elevation . It can be found  on trees and may grow on rocks or boulders as  Lithophytes.  This orchid species is widespread from  India, Sir Lanka, Yunnan, China,  Taiwan ,  Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Maldives, Himalayas, , Andaman islands, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands, Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Queensland , Australia, Nepal, Bhutan and the Philippines.

According to some observations, This orchid used to be collected in Mindoro, Leyte , Quezon , Laguna , Batangas , Bicol provinces , Visayas and Mindanao area.  However  due to the nature of this species, It also invaded some lowland fruit tree plantations and can be found growing in cultivated areas such as lansones plantations, caimito , acacia , duhat tree. There were some Dendrobium cucullatum / Dendrobrium aphyllum that were deliberately introduced from neighboring Thailand, Malaysia and India in the late 1970’s by plant traders which introduced them to the Philippine market. They are larger and darker in color form compared to the type species that are normally encountered .

I hope that with what remains  in our garden will inspire , orchid species collector like me had gone through .” Kahit kaunti na ang natira ” , even if there are few that survive the onslaught . There is still a renewed HOPE that in our small way , we can nurture , care , help and propagate these valuable native species   ! I hope to seek the other forms from other sanggumay collectors in other parts of the country.

Note: Currently we are looking for some forms of this orchid species for eventual re-establisment in one of our group member who had a small farm in Antipolo, Rizal.

Philippine Orchid Conservation and Preservation Volunteers

Facebook Page ( Private group ) : https://www.facebook.com/groups/407610329339909/

The group currently had 75 members in different parts of the Philippines

 Kindly visit theses website links:

http://www.orchidspecies.com/dendaphyllum.htm

http://www.orchidsonline.com.au/node/4404

http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?461110

 http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/229453

http://www.kew.org/science-conservation/plants-fungi/dendrobium-aphyllum

PHILPost enters Memorandum of Agreement with DEPED and Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino to institutionalized Letter Writing in Schools

Manila Central Post Office , Liwasang Bonifacio , Ermita , Manila -Philippines

L-R Mr. Ceasar N. Sarino ( Chairman of the board and president) , Postmaster General Maria Josefina M. Dela Cruz , Dr. Armin A. Luisro , FSC ( DEPED secretary ) Commission Virgilio S. Almario ( Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino )

The Philippine Postal Corporation ( PHLPOST ) has entered into a memorandum of agreement with the Department of Education  ( DEPED ) and the Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino ( KWF) to institutionalize letter writing skills of students in elementary and secondary school nationwide .

The partnership was signed by Postmaster General Maria Josefina Dela Cruz , Brother Armin Luistro ( DEPED secretary) and Mr. Virgilio S. Almario ( Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino commissioner)

Under the Memorandum of Agreement ( MOA) DEPED will issue a memorandum and advisory on PHLPost projects such as the yearly Universal Postal Union ( UPU ), Letter Writing Competition, National Letter Writing Project , and the establishment of student stamp clubs in all levels .

DEPED will also work on the inclusion of letter writing and stamp collecting as part of the K-12 curriculum.

The Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino ( KWF) will intensify the promotion of the nationwide ” Letter Writing Project ” and initiate action to seek the approval from the Office of the President for the issuance of an Executive Order  declaring a ” National Letter Writing Day”  with the theme ” Salamat Po ” using the Filipino language.

PHLPost is also set to issue a special stamp featuring ” Salamat Po” ” Thank You , to intensify the promotion and instill the value of gratitude  and positivism among Filipino youth .

L-R PHLPost President Mr. Cesar Sarino , PHLPost PMG Josie Dela Cruz, DepEd Secretary Brother Armin Luistro, together with the top three winners for the 43rd Universal Postal Union International Letter Writing Competition for Young People. These include Ashley Nicole Quirino Abalos (first prize) and Yeong Seo Tiffany Jeon (second prize), both are Grade 5 students from PAREF Woodrose School in Ayala Alabang, Muntinlupa City, and Frances Julianne Baluyot Sinoc (third prize) from Elizabeth Seton School and KWF Commissioner Virgilio Almario

PHLPost also awarded the top 3 winners of 43rd UPU International Letter Writing Competition for Young People.

 WINNERS :

Ms. Ashley Nicole Quirino-Abalos ( First Place) Grade 5 -PAREF  Woodrose School of Ayala, Alabang , Muntinlupa City

Ms. Yeong Seo Tiffany Jeon ( Second Place) Grade 5-PAREFWoodrose School of Ayala, Alabang , Muntinlupa City

Ms. Frances Julianne Baluyot Sinoc ( Third Place)Elizabeth  Seton School – Las Piñas City

 

 

8th TAGCOM at SM MegaMall

 8th TAGCOM Toys and Hobbies Convention will now be held on SM Megatrade Hall- 3 on April 12-13, 2014

Highlights of the event will be daily lectures, bargain toys at low prices , cosplays, toy  auction  and many more .

Entrance Fees: Php 50.00 ( tentative )

 Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/hobbiworx.tagcom

Miss Megan Lynne Young -Miss World 2013 visits Philippine Postal Corporation

Manila Central Post Office, Liwasang Bonifacio, Ermita, Manila -Philippines

L-R Ms. Cory Quirino ( National Director- Miss World Philippines )  , Miss Megan Lynne Young and Postmaster General  Maria Josefina Dela Cruz at the facade of the Manila Central Post Office

Miss World 2013 Megan Young was early for her appointed time and had to wait for several minutes inside the car . I salute her for being on time!!!!

Ms. World 2013 with a bouquet of flowers

The stamps , souvenir sheets and First Day Covers were issued last February 24, 2014 which enable stamp , memorabilia , missosologist ,  Megan Young fans , School alumni, Miss World collectors bought the  issuance. After all it not everyday that you can see a Filipina winning an international title.

L-R Hon. Postmaster General  Maria Josefina Dela Cruz, Ms. Megan Young and Ms. Cory Quirino – Miss World- Philippines National Franchise – Director

Not all winning countries in the Miss World pageant will automatically issue a commemorative stamps and First Day Cover  . Asian countries  like India which won Miss World 5 times, 1966, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000 , Israel 1998 , China 2007 and 2012 did not issue any commemorative stamps .

Ms. Megan Lynne Young holding a stamp souvenir sheet

Being a momentous occasion,  All  stones must be left unturned . It is not everyday that an international beauty queen and Miss World organization visit an institution like Philippine Postal Corporation.

We got some call coming from the outgoing president of the Philippine Philatelic Federation ( umbrella organization of all recognized stamp clubs by Philpost in the country )  last Friday ( March 21,2014) calling  its members to attend the stamp re-launching and autograph signing opportunities .

stamps and first day cover mounted on a frame

We were told that the stamp launching will be held at the main lobby of Philpost and autograph signing will commence after the ceremony. Even up to the last Sunday ( March 23, 2014)  no concrete time, program and even words coming from the Corporate Communication Affairs of Philpost on the whereabouts of the stamp launching.

long queues of people and on-lookers , most are Philpost employees

It was like a guessing game for all of us, even with the advent of Facebook , Twitter , It did not help that much. I need to tag several friends from Philpost and try to ask them some details up until the last minute , When lo and behold the head of the Corporate Communications made some necessary announcement!

 Postmaster General Maria Josefina Dela Cruz and CEO, Philpost President Ceasar Sarino , Board members  , Philpost AMPG’s and Miss World 2013 Megan Lynne Young in a ceremonial autograph signing ceremonies held at the main lobby of Philpost

  Have no problem with any morning time schedule. I had to shove -off several appointments to early afternoon just to come and even write-a couple of articles  about the stamp re-launching and autograph signing .

jam-packed venue with hundreds of people, stamp collectors, media and invited guests

The main lobby can accommodate several hundred of people and thus pose no problem with any stamp launching.  My blogger friends , some stamp  and memorabilia collectors were already there several hours before the launching time . A stamp collector with his wife had to travel from Las Piñas all the way to Philpost just to attend the event. 

 

 L-R  Postmaster General Maria Josefina Dela Cruz , Ms. Megan Young and Mr. Ceasar Sarino

I saw a mother and a young daughter who  queue for the line just to see and let Ms. Megan Young autograph ! According to the mother , her daughter inspiration is Ms. Megan Young and they have to wake -up early just to see Miss World 2013 in person and let her sign the autograph ( They ended-up with nothing ! )

registration list

There were some sort of pre-registration process where Philpost staffs and employees got our names , address and contact information- according to them, Those first 50 buyers of First Day Covers and stamps will be prioritized for the meet and greet, photo opportunity and autograph signing !  I hope those valuable information would not be sold to some multi-level marketing or credit card companies which would send some letters and advertising materials once in a while.

Miss Megan Young at the Manila Central Post office facade

 The long queues of line seems broken when Ms. Megan Young was escorted outside .  We queue again for the second time, thinking that the autograph signing will be held at the main lobby . Finally, people had a mad rush at the third floor when someone from the  Marketing Section and Corporate Communication Affairs office announced that there will be a press conference at the 3rd floor within the BOC office.

L-R Mr. Steve Douglas (Event Director, Miss World Ltd.) , Ms. Cory Quirino ( Miss World Philippines National Coordinator), Ms. Megan Young ( Miss World 2013 ) and Ms. Maria Josefina Dela Cruz ( Postmaster General and CEO – Philippine Postal Corporation )

   There was a staff of the Corporate Communication office which keeps on shoving- us off as if we were just on-lookers! It seems like he was clueless on how to handle a crowd and invited guests.  He also gave a Miss World 2013 souvenir sheet to a person with large camera thinking that he was a member of the media. LOL ( Ikaw koya, mukhang lahat ata ng mga taong may dalang DSLR akala mo MEDIA ! )

group photo with Miss World -Philippines board members, Mr. Steve Douglas- Miss World event manager and Philpost officials

 Luckily, I knew someone from the Corporate Communication office who seems to be there long enough to know who are the legitimate writers and even bloggers.

 Ms. Macaria J. Leonardo ( postage and metered services division )

During the press conference, I was lucky to be given the opportunity to ask a simple but hard question.  ” Is  there is a BIG chance of the country to host the Miss World pageant within this year or next year? ”  . Mr. Steve Douglas -As far as the Miss World organization is concern , the pageant is going to be held in London, England -But with recent developments and rebuilding due to Typhoon Haiyan and the WE Hope and GOD Willing”  .  There was 100% record increase in Tourism in a lot of countries which hosted the Miss World pageant ! – There is still High Hopes !-  Event Director of Miss World .

Philip Reyes- my blogger friend , stamp , postcard  collector and free thinker member

 During the press conference, Ms. Cory Quirino –  Miss World -Philippines ( National Franchise Director ) announced:    “We just received a letter of endorsement from Tourism Secretary Ramon Jimenez giving us 100 percent support to host the Miss World pageant here , the endorsement was forwarded to the office of the President .  From there we are going to move forward, so abangan ang susunod na kabanata (wait for the next chapter). ”

Congressman Eric Olivarez  First District of Parañaque file a resolution in the house which endorses the hosting of Miss World 2014 . BUT we still have to wait a little more for more concrete reports  .

 the author together with Ms. World 2013

Please visit the related link for the complete information about Miss World 2013 stamps , first day cover: https://renz15.wordpress.com/2014/02/24/miss-world-2013-megan-lynne-young-stamps-released-by-philpost/

Facebook Page of PHLPost : https://www.facebook.com/PHLPost

Note: Finally , We were able to let Miss World 2013 Megan Lynne Young sign our first day cover and It is like a quest for the elusive Miss World 2013 crown which ended with all the traveling hours spend , queuing of lines, mad- rush going to the 3rd floor,  shoving -off incidents ,  guessing game style, last minute preparation and information .  All story that ends well ( parang Cinderella story LOL) . Unfortunately there were some stamp collectors and souvenir hunters which went home without a single autograph and i pity the mother and daughter tandem , Mr. Bobet Coyoca and Mrs. Chisten Mary Coyoca from Las Piñas  which braved the queuing lines just to get the autograph of the reigning Miss World 2013.  Pero sadly umuwing luhaan !

Lesson Learned :  We hope in the coming months ,  especially those departments, sections, and media affairs that were actively involve in this stamp re-launching, photo opportunity and autograph event  , to make it more orderly as possible, nakakahiya sa mga non-Philpost employees at mga public kung labo-labo ang pag-pila.

Last note: We heard that the emcee said in front of the live audience , that Ms. Megan Lynne Young stamps is the second living person in the Philippines to be featured in stamps. Well, Please do more researches in Philpost archives or library . Or simply try to ask your favorite duktor or some real stamp collectors  about those facts!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philippine Philatelic Club holds meeting and auction

Central Post Office lobby, Liwasang Bonifacio, Ermita- Manila, Philippines

browsing

The Philippine Philatelic Club was resurrected by its members and new board of directors.  It is an non-governmental organization , non-stock and non- political organization  which mainly focuses on the promotion of stamp, coin and ephemera  collecting  among its members .  The club was founded in 1937 which celebrates  its 77th year in 2014.

items to be auction-off

The club auction listing was patterned after BNSP and PNAS style with a lot of congratulatory greetings and advertisement .

Mr. Fernando ” Boy” Francisco conducting an auction

Some older philatelists and collectors would recall that the club used to attract hundreds or even thousand of collectors during their heydays . It also used to rival the Asocacion  Filatelica de Filipinas  founded in 1925 .

Philippine Republic Stamp: http://philphilately.blogspot.com/2012/12/1952-aurura-quezon.html

Link: http://www.theipps.info/bibliography/AFF-Yearbook-1955.pdf

 

map of Manila

Some philatelists say that the club conduct some meetings up to the mid 1989 and early 1990’s . But by the time i joined some stamp clubs in 1994, PPC is almost unheard off.

Philippine Philatelic Club auction listings

There were 688 items that was auction-off during the inaugural meeting  The club finally held their meeting / auction after more than 20- years  of complete dormancy.

I have invited a couple of stamp collectors and blogger in order to give some support the the club.

 The auction started a bit late ( past 2:00pm)  and there were some items that were not properly labeled.  Generally, the meeting went smoothly , but there is still a big room to fill !

The expectation is high since it is considered as one of the oldest -known stamp clubs in the country. We hope that the so-call revival by its current board of directors will not be ONE TIME BIG TIME event .

Note: I bought some items during the event , hopefully the club will be able to conduct regular monthly meeting in order to promote philately and collecting!

Philippine Philatelic Club

Board Members 2014- 2015

President : Mr. Fernando ” Boy ” Francisco Jr.

Vice President : Mr. Winthrop ” Willie ” Espanol

Secretary : Mr. Thomas ” Temboi ” De Guzman Jr.

Treasurer : Mr. Rogelio ” Roger ” Quistol

P.R.O : Datu Alex Panomblayan

Adviser : Mr. Peter Sy and Atty. Jose M. Escano

Honorary Members: Hon. Feliciano Belmonte Jr.