DEPED, Spanish Embassy and Fundacion Mapfre Initiates turnover of Road Safety Teaching Aids for Public Elementary Schools in the Philippines

His Excellency Mr. Luis Antonio Calvo ( Spanish Ambassador to the Philippines ) together the Department of Education ( DEPED) undersecretary for Programs Ms. Dina Ocampo , Mapfre President and CEO Mr. Javier Warleta initiated a turnover of Road Safety Teaching Aids for public elementary schools in the country.

The materials were given to improve the teaching -learning process in schools , so that students may be aware on how to safety navigate Philippine roads , particularly the busy streets of metropolis .

On top of raising awareness among the youth, DepEd, Mapfre, and the Spanish Embassy would like to extend road safety consciousness to adults as well, since they are the members of society who use the roads more often. DepEd recognizes that changes will come faster if adults lead by example.

The ultimate goal of the program is to reach out to 47,000 school nationwide .  Fundacion Mapfre , the corporate social responsibility arm of MAFRE S.A .

Mapfre Insular Insurance is a leading Spanish insurance multinational company , operating in the Philippines through MAPFRE Insular has been working with Department of Education since 2011. developing modules in two learning areas ” Araling Panlipunan”  and ” Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao”  . Since then , road safety has been taught in at least two thousand schools nationwide.  Beginning March 2015 , teaching aids will be distributed  and used in schools.

Website: http://www.fundacionmapfre.org/

MAPFRE INSULAR : http://www.mapfre.com.ph/

Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/MAPFREInsularInsurance

Las Flores : A Spanish Style Restaurant in Bonifacio Global City

Ground Floor, One Mckinley Place, 25th St. corner 4th St., Bonifacio Global City, Taguig City- Philippines

facade of the restaurant

LAS FLORES, which means “The Flowers“, is a collaboration between the former Barcino owners and the popular Andilana group of restaurants in Barcelona. They flew in a Catalan chef Pepe Lopez to help create an authentic modern Spanish restaurant here in Manila.  The restaurant opened in July 30, 2012 and occupies an area of about 164 square -meters.

botanical illustrations

I quickly fell in love with the place, I saw a lot of illustration and drawings of flowers from Spain and Mediterranean areas that are hung in a portion of the restaurant which emphasize why the place is called ” Las Flores”.

stylish interior

The restaurant can sit up to about 50 to 80 people at any given time. It is also ideal place to hold seminars, meetings and special occasions. There is also an outdoor area which can accommodate more people , especially on weekends .

menu and the company logo

This menu was designed by Mr. Michael Parker. The menu board is like scrap book and you can see the artistry and lovely color combination.

 sliced bread in wooden basket

The restaurant is owned by childhood friends Mr. Dani Aliaga , Mr. Sergi Rostoll with the addition of  Mr. Uri Singla, another childhood friend.  Among the celebrities spotted at the restaurant includes  Ms. Malu Gamboa-restaurateur, Mr.  Rajo Laurel-designer ,  Ms. Solenn Heusaff actress and model, Lifestyle Asia’s  Ms. Cheryl Tiu, Metro Society’s- Mr. Philip Cu-Unjieng , designer  Ms.Rosanna Ocampo-Rodriguez to name a few.

tartar de atum

Tartar de Atum is tuna  tartar , pickled capers, mayonnaise , crispy onion , topped with raw chicken egg and drizzle with calamansi juice and fried onions to add some taste.  ( Php 395)

Mousse de foie con Mango is some sort of appetizer , with bits of ripe mango slices , coupled with the arugula, caramelized pine nuts, and foie mousse was the perfect combination. ( Php325 )

manchego with mango jam and crispy bread

Manchego is a type of Spanish hard cheese made of sheep’s milk.  It was served with mango jam  and crispy bread. According to the chef , It will take up to 36 months from harvesting of sheep’s milk , fermentation process and processing them to make it to hard cheese. The mango jam was created by their restaurant chef .

salmon fish fillet with salmon roe

Salmon and Salmo It  is smoked salmon fillet topped with salmon roe or eggs.  It has ricotta cheese truffle, oil vinaigrette, yogurt sauce and served atop crispy bread pieces. (Php 595).

chorizo iberico with crispy bread topped with sauteed tomatoes

Chorizo Ibérico is a Spanish style dried-cured sausage with spices which originated from the Iberian Peninsula . The sausage is a popular Spanish gastronomic food.  Chorizo can be eaten cooked ,sliced or sauteed with a little bit of oil .  It was tasty and it was one of the first “tapas” offered in the early Spanish restaurants. It comes with two slices of Pan con Tomate  . It is a crispy bread topped with sauteed tomatoes . (Php 315 per 50 gram)

jamon iberico with crispy bread topped with sauteed tomatoes

Jamon Ibérico  thinly sliced- light tasting ham.   It is  perfectly-cured ham is made from the choices pork meat  and has a more subtle flavor which makes it a good appetizer paired It comes with two slices of Pan con Tomate . (Php 990) per serving .

grilled fruits and vegetables

Parillada de Verduras con Salsa Romesco –  Spanish style- grilled vegetable dish has green asparagus, sliced- eggplant, shitake mushrooms, red bell pepper, zucchini, cherry tomatoes, barb led potatoes, whole garlic , white onions topped with rosemary leaves . This healthy vegetable dish is a good match on a tapas meal . I guess that the sliced eggplant, shitake mushrooms, cherry tomatoes and potatoes were an eclectic mix of vegetables and fruits that the Spaniards obtained after their colonization of the ” NEW WORLD”. (Php 425)

croquetas de chorizo

Croquetas de Chorizo- These ball shaped mash potatoes filled with Spanish chorizo then coated with flour and breadcrumbs then deep-fried into golden brown croquettes.  A definite must-try! (Php 215)

gambas al ajillo

Gambas al Ajillo  is a Spanish-Style Spicy Garlic Shrimp- This serving of light, fresh shrimps, chopped garlic , sliced chili pepper with olive oil and bread makes a good starter meal.   A Bucket list ! ( Php 395 )

secreto iberico

Secreto Ibérico – Stir-fried pork riblets served with humus, chickpeas sauce , basil and extra virgin olive oil. The ‘secreto’- SECRET is a specific cut (pork equivalent of the choice cuts) of the acorn-fed Iberian pigs known for its lean meat. Pork meat comes lightly marbled with fat that results to a rich flavor when cooked. (Php 995)

beef angus and foie minis

Beef Angus and Foie minis  – Delicious beef tenderloin from Australia topped with foie ( dusk or goose fattened liver) . The duck liver further enhances the tender beef  flavors . (Php 825) .

huevos estrellados with french fries and chorizos

Huevos Estrellados with French Fries and chorizos   – Spanish dish with  sunny side up eggs, potato wedges, diced chorizo and gambas which come up as an interesting combination (Php.395)

paella de marisco #21

Paella de Marisco #21  – This is a seafood variant of Spain’s most famous rice meal served right in its flat round shaped- pan.  It is a festive and colorful dish because each paella is a treated as work of art, not as a formula. Fresh prawns, clams, mussels , scallops and squid are mixed with arborio rice cooked to perfection . What is interesting about the paella dish is that they are individually numbered . This is also in my bucket list and a trip to Las Flores is incomplete without a sampling of this dish ! This is good for 2 to 4 people sharing. (Php 545) per serving.

flan de arandanos con nata

 Flan de Arandanos con Nata  – blackberries egg flan with cream . This is quite similar with our Filipino style ” Leche Flan” however they have blackberries , cream and mint leaves which add more texture and different flavor to the flan.(Php 275).

Chocolatisimo – is a chocolate fondant with melted chocolate inside. It is served with vanilla flavored ice cream on side. (Php 195) This is prefect for 1 to 2 person .

churros con chocolate and vanilla ice cream

Churros con chocolate  – Churros is a Spanish deep fried- fritters served with warm chocolate and scoops of vanilla ice cream on the side. This is a popular snack in the Philippines . The churros can be shared with 2 to 4 people  (Php 195). This is one of the best churros  that i have tasted in Metro Manila .

Pastel de manzana asada al horno  – This is a caramelized apple cake with slices of baked apple and ice cream. (Php 275) per serving.

Aside from great foods and desserts, this restaurant had also good wine , smoothies, coffee,  drinks too!

 Mr. Uri Singla and with fellow bloggers

Note: I must give this place an 8.95 rating out of 10 for its ambiance, food and pricing . I would like to ” Thanks ” Mr. Uri Singla for the warm accommodation of the group . Muchas Gracias !

How to Get There:

There are hybrid bus station located near the Ayala MRT station – WEST Route. There is a bus unloading station a few meters away from the restaurant. FARE Php 12.00

Another route is from Market Market  then  take  jeep with Gate #1 – Guadalupe route , Just tell the driver that you will go down to Sunlife building or One Mickinley Place – FARE Php 8.50 from Market Market .

             Website :http://www.lasflores.ph/

Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/lasflores.ph

Address: Bonifacio Global City , Ground Level
One Mckinley Place ,25th St., Bonifacio Global City, Taguig
Metro Manila, Philippines
Phone Numbers
(+63 2) 552-2815, (+63 916) 619-3365
Operating Hours
Monday to Sunday 11:00am to 2:00pm for lunch and 6:00pm to 2:00am for dinner

Bonifacio Global City Branch
Ground Level
One Mckinley Place
25th St., Bonifacio Global City, Taguig
Metro Manila, Philippines

Phone Number
(+63 2) 552-2815, (+63 916) 619-3365

Operating Hours
Monday to Sunday 11:00am to 2:00pm for lunch and 6:00pm to 2:00am for dinner

– See more at: http://www.clickthecity.com/food-drink/b/vu522c0/las-flores-bonifacio-global-city#sthash.Pt1r1XDU.dpuf

Bonifacio Global City Branch
Ground Level
One Mckinley Place
25th St., Bonifacio Global City, Taguig
Metro Manila, Philippines

Phone Number
(+63 2) 552-2815, (+63 916) 619-3365

Operating Hours
Monday to Sunday 11:00am to 2:00pm for lunch and 6:00pm to 2:00am for dinner

– See more at: http://www.clickthecity.com/food-drink/b/vu522c0/las-flores-bonifacio-global-city#sthash.Pt1r1XDU.dpuf

Bonifacio Global City Branch
Ground Level
One Mckinley Place
25th St., Bonifacio Global City, Taguig
Metro Manila, Philippines

Phone Number
(+63 2) 552-2815, (+63 916) 619-3365

Operating Hours
Monday to Sunday 11:00am to 2:00pm for lunch and 6:00pm to 2:00am for dinner

– See more at: http://www.clickthecity.com/food-drink/b/vu522c0/las-flores-bonifacio-global-city#sthash.Pt1r1XDU.dpuf

Old Spanish Gate at Subic

It was early morning on January 8, 2012 when the author woke-up  at past 4:30am . The first instinct was to close the air-conditioning  unit , since it was rather cold . Then the alarm clock of Mr. Anthony Arbias finally set the tone for everyone to wake -up.

Subic bay early morning

The group was delighted by the early morning breakfast which consists of rice, corned beef , fish , scramble eggs  accompanied by hot pandesal and hot coffee .

welcome arch to  Subic

After the breakfast buffet meal, the group quickly set up for the next leg of the Olongapo -Subic tour . the group went to the main gate of the former Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority and meet  Mr. Mr. Alex Mesia and Engineer Ricardo A. Alcantara Jr.  our guides who were already patiently waiting for our group .

History :

Explorer Juan de Salcedo reported its existence to the Spanish authorities upon his return to Manila after Salcedo arrived in Zambales to establish the Spanish crown but it would be a number of years before the Spanish would consider establishing a base there.

Although there is already a naval base in the province of Cavite during the Spanish occupation, Most of the workers suffered from unhealthy living conditions and was vulnerable in time of war and bad weather because of its shallow water and lack of shelter. Because of these, a military expedition was sent to Subic Bay in 1868 with orders to survey the bay to find out if it would be a suitable site for a naval yard. The Spanish explored the entire bay and concluded that it had much promise and thus reported their findings to Cavite.

This report was not well-accepted in Manila as the Spanish command was reluctant to move to the provincial isolation of Subic. Finally, in 1884, a Royal Decree declared Subic Bay as a naval port.

Old West Gate, which the Americans  called the Spanish Gate, as the main gate to the station for many years. Behind the Spanish Gate was a little Marine Cemetery.  The Gate was also used as a jail by both the Spanish and Americans.

West Gate circa 2012

Beside the West Gate ruin lies a replica of the Spanish gate with modern cement and painted in pastel color – the former Spanish Gate KTV Restaurant is just a few steps away from the old fort.

Spanish Gate Restaurant

Unfortunately the KTV restaurant is for rent ,  tourism in the area had slowed a bit  and  there were countless of restaurants, bars , grocery , business ventures and even first class hotels had already stopped their operation.

There was a boom in business during the American stay  and when Mayor Richard Gordon took over  in 1992.

Mc. Kinley street signage with Chinese character below

Proof of the  business and tourism  boom are the bi-lingual street signage which also had Chinese characters written below . The tourist guides initially thought that the characters were Korean .  They quickly reiterated that there were a lot of Taiwanese and even Hong Kong tourists especially in the early 1990’s .

compound of shipyard building equipment

At present , there were a wave of Korean expats which make the  area as their second home . Most of the Koreans are investors from nearby Hanjin shipyard , students  and tourists.

Boardwalk Inn
Boardwalk Inn and Restaurant is one of the highly recognizable hotel facilities within the Central Business District of Subic Bay Freeport Zone. This simple yet very cozy  hotel  features a dive center, which is perfect for people who really love the great outdoors, especially aqua sports and other recreational activities. It offers scuba diving tutorials, advanced diving lessons, and other valuable information that people need to learn this super fun and exciting activity.

Bldg 664 Waterfront Road, Subic Bay Freeport Zone , Philippines

 Contact information: Mobile phone number 0910-3609771. People can contact  via the land-line number (047)-252-2894, or through the alternative phone line (047)-252-2893.

 Visit their website

beach front

 The Subic sea front  area had a  wide variety of resort amenities and activities are planned within the community and designed to offer a wide range of social, cultural , recreational and bird watching experiences for visitors and residents.

This boat shape stage serves its purpose during important event

 play ground with anti-littering poster

Compared to major towns and cities across the country , Subic  is indeed an example of a city which strictly imposes its anti-littering campaign with scores of residents and even tourists apprehended for violating  this simple rule.

beach front is a favorite promenade area for joggers, tourists  and hawkers 

         Subic Bay Gateway Park

Subic Bay Gateway Park (SBGP) is a world-class industrial park offering approximately 300 hectares of prime industrial land and is host to about 80 direct locators and 60 plus sub-lessees. SBGP’s development is divided into three phases. Phase I is already operational and is 98% leased. Phase II is still being developed and is already 42% leased out.

Website: http://www.sbdmc.com/

Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority logo

Website : http://www.sbma.com/

Sources:   Laurel , Tiu Herman ,  The Olongapo  Colonial Experience

30 Uncommon Filipino Words

August month is known as ” Buwan ng Wika” Language Month with this year’s theme focuses on Wika ng Kasaysayan, Kasaysayan ng Wika” Ang Katutubong Wika sa Maka-Filipinong Bayanihan Kontra Pandemya for 2020. image

Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino is forefront in the research in the development of the language.

30 Uncommon Filipino Words:

30.) Balintok ( larvae of mosquitoes, often called wriggler) common word use is kiti-kiti.

29.) Dagibalniing liboy  (Electromagnetic wave)

28.) Initsigan (thermodynamics)

27.) Danumsigwasan (hydraulics)

26.) Sipnayan (mathematics) the more common term is matematika or matematica which was borrowed from Spanish language.

25.) Haynayan (biology) common term used is biyolohiya

24.) Karumalan (menstrual period) common term used is “regla“.

23.) Panghibayo (amplifier)

22.) Pook-sapot (website) although some local Filipino teacher would write websayt borrowed from English language

21.) Sulatroniko ( email ) more commonly use in Filipino language which was borrowed from the English language.

20.) Yakis ( to sharpen ) common tern is pagtutulis

19.) Pang-ulong hatinig  ( head set)

18.) Panginain (browser)

17.) Pantabay ( charger)

16.) Miktinig ( microphone)

15.)  Kawingan ( hyperlink)

14.) Duyog ( eclipse ) common word use is eklipse borrowed from English language.

13.) Isang Yuta ( hundred thousand) commonly used term is Isang daang libo or daang libo.

12.) Isang Angaw ( one million) common term is isang milyon from Spanish word.

11.) Isang Kati ( ten million) sampung milyon

10.) Isang Bahala ( one hundred million) isang daan milyon

9.) Isang Gatos ( one billion ) common word used is isang bilyon

8.) Sukgisan ( geometry) common word is heometriya

7.) Pahimakas ( last farewell) Common word use is aalis or yayao

6.) Alimusom ( scent) common word “amoy”

5.) Sambat ( fork) common word used is tinidor borrowed from Spanish word tenedor.

4.) Asik-asik ( drizzle) common word used is “ambon” or “tinik-tinik”

3.) Kuribkib (nervous) common word used nerbiyos

2.) Liknayan ( physics) from Likas -Hanayan. The common words use are pisika or físics

1.) Kapnayan ( chemistry) from Sangkap-Hanayan. The common words used are kimiko or kémistri.

Sources,References,Websites,Bibliography:

UP Diksiyonaryong Filipino 2015

Talatinginan :Talasalitaaan; Pilipino-Pilipino tinipon at inilathala nina Bartolome del valle, Melania Jimenez del Valle (Copyright 1969) National Bookstore

Rosario P. Mem Singh et all (2015)Isa -Jecho Publishing Inc.,Diksyunaryong Filipino-Filipino : Talatinginan Talasalitaan. Pages 196, ISBN:978-971-610-096-9

Rafael, Vicente L. (1988) Contracting Colonialism – Translation and Christian Conversion in Tagalog Society under Spanish Rule.

PIA- Philippine Information Agency

Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino

DOST- Department of Science and Technology

Bagong Talasalitaan :Tagalog-English-English-Tagalog :(1994),Merriam Editorial Staff & Luis S. Santos, ISBN : 978-971-3003-25-6

25 Common Water and Aquatic Plants Grown in the Philippines

Philippines is an archipelago with hundreds of creeks, stream, lakes, river and water system. Water plants are plenty and the country is rich in biodiversity. However some of the commonly grown water plants are introduced to the country.

IMAGE

Freshwater Aquarium set-up by: Mr. Achilles Antiquina Lussier

They are classified into Emergent, Submerged, Floating-leaved, Free-floating. Our team made a short list of 25 common water plants grown or found in semi-naturalized state.

We eliminated Ipomea aquatica or Kangkong / Kangkung, since it is used as food. Better  post in another topic.

IMAGE

water plants grown in cement pond

25 Common Water Plants

25.) Ludwigia sedoides – commonly called Mosaic plant, False Loosestrife. This water plant originates from Brazil, Venezuela. This had become naturalized in many tropical, sub-tropical and even temperate countries.This blooms during June to August which coincide with the rainy season, But this may also bloom during the dry season. Some sell this from Php 50.00 small plant to as much as Php 200 in some online sites.

24.) Myriophyllum aquaticum commonly called parrot’s-feather and parrot feather watermilfoil. Parrot feather gets its name from its feather-like leaves that are arranged around the stem in whorls of four to six. This water plant originally is native of South America and quickly spread via the tropical aquarium trade in North America and elsewhere.

In some countries, Like the United Kingdom, Australia, Japan, Southern United States.  parrot’s-feather can quickly clogged waterways and ponds. The growth can block sunlight and cause native plants to die because of light deficiency. The organisms that feed on the native plants can die off due to starvation.

This is also commonly sold in Cartimar and in many aquarium pet stores all over the country.

IMAGE

photo courtesy of pixabay : johnnykarlsson1-5486868

23.) Limnobium laevigatum is a floating plant commonly called West Indian spongeplant, South American spongeplant and Amazon or smooth frogbit. This floating plant is native to Central and South America and quickly spread all over the tropical and sub-tropical areas due to aquarium plant trade.

IMAGE

Cypreus alterniflolius

photo courtesy of : pixabay: jaclou-dl-5602247

22.) Cyperus alternifolius, common names are umbrella papyrus, umbrella sedge or umbrella palm,Indian matting plant. This was native to Madagascar in Africa but quickly spread in many parts of the world.

This is commonly seen in rice paddies, pond, creeks,irrigation canals throughout the country. The umbrella palm is sought after for its impressive height that can grow to six feet. It creates a soft backdrop for shorter aquatic plants, but it can grow notoriously fast and spread if not put in a container.

21.) Eleocharis acicularis is a species of spikeedge known by the common names needle spikerush and least spikerush. This is common in most aquarium stores in Cartimar and pet stores.

20.) Echinodorus grandiflorus Commonly called spade-leaf sword, creeping burhead, Amazon spade leaf. There were at least 40 known species of this genus and quite common in aquarium trade all over the world.

It is native to Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina,Venezuela and Florida in the United States of America.

This plant species is quite common is rice paddies, water irrigation ditches, ponds, lagoon and garden center. Immersed plants readily produce flowers and seeds but it can be grown submersed as well.

Small plants are being sold between Php 25.00 to Php 400 depending on the size. Variegated plants are also sold for a little bit higher compared to the ordinary green leaf types.

19.) Lemma minor commonly called duckweed, or lesser duckweed. Lemna minor is the common duckweed works well as a water purifier. It can help control the algae.

Some of the economic importance of Lemma minor is used as animal fodder, bioremediator, for wastewater nutrient recovery, and other applications.  This is common in rice paddy fields, ponds, aquarium trade and lakes. It is also given as a feed to ducks, chicken and goose.

It is found in many areas of the world and have naturalized in Australia and South America. In aquarium trade, it is sold between Php 5.00 for a small cup to as much as Php 50.00

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photo courtesy of pixabay: laila_-6779063

18.) Ceratophyllum submersum and Ceratophyllum demersum commonly known as the soft hornwort ,tropical hornwort, coontail or coon’s tail . This seems to have naturalized in almost all water system in the country.

Its fluffy, filamentous, bright-green leaves provide excellent cover for newly hatched fish. It is propagated by cuttings.

Sometimes they are so common that backyard hobbyist would give them away as freebies. They are sold between Php 10.00 to Php 50.00 depending on size in online sites.

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photo courtesy of pixabay : loilamtan-4659988/

17.) Hydrocotyle vulgaris commonly called pennywort, whorled marsh pennywort, shield pennywort, pennyworth, money plant, lucky plant, copper coin, mangkok, Yahong-yahong is a flowering plant found in Europe, North Africa, North and Western Asia. This may have been introduced during the late Spanish colonial rule or early American regime in the country.

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Hydrocotyle vulgaris blooming in a garden plot within Institute of Biology, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City.

Sometimes people would mistake this as gotu kola (Centella asiatica), since the leaves are almost the same.  They are sold between Php 20.00 to Php 50.00 in online sites depending on how big the plant.

16.) Azolla pinnata is a species of aquatic fern known by several common names, including mosquito fern, feathered mosquito fern and water velvet. This is common in rice fields and waterways.

15.) Cabomba carolina – This is originally found as an aquatic perennial herbaceous plant native to North and South America. However human migration and introduction spread this water plant in many parts of the world. To some extent, invasive species in Australia, Europe and many parts of tropical, sub-tropical area, temperate areas.

14.) Bacopa monnieri is creeping herb native to the wetlands of southern and Eastern India, Australia, Europe, Africa, Asia, and North and South America. Common names are water hyssop,waterhyssop, brahmi, thyme-leafed gratiola, herb of grace,and Indian pennywort.

13.) Cryptocoryne aponogetifolia is a native to the Philippines and commonly sold in tropical aquarium trade. Cryptocoryne aponogetifolia is considered easy to cultivate and will grow in moderately hard water if necessary, though it grows naturally in slightly soft water. It prefers moderate to low levels of light.

This water plant is found in Negros, Panay islands in the Visayas and Southwestern part of Luzon. This is also found in the Bicol region. Some of the problems encountered by local aquarium hobbyists is the over harvesting, water pollution of this species.

12.) Rotala rotundifolia is found in many South-East Asian countries has long, thin leaves and 15-30 long stems, 2-3 cm wide including the leaves. Unlike other Rotala species it is relatively undemanding, although it needs good light to produce red leaves.

11.) Salvinia it is a species of floating fern and is related to the other water ferns, including the mosquito fern Azolla. There were about 12 species are recognized with at least 3 are known to be hybrids. This is commonly seen in ponds, rice fields, water ways, pond, irrigation canals and popular in aquarium trade.

10.) Vallisneria genus was named after an Italian (Antonio Vallisner who lived from  May 3, 1661 – Padua to January 18, 1730) He was an Italian medical scientist, physician and naturalist.

2.) Pistia stratiotes commonly called kiapo, kiyapo, quiapo, kuyapo, cuyapo, apon, loloan, water lettuce, water cabbage, tropical duckweed, Nile cabbage or shellflower- Water lettuce is among the world’s most productive freshwater aquatic plants and considered an invasive species in other countries.

In some countries like India ( famine food), Southern parts of China and Africa. Young leaves are usually boiled to remove the acridity from calcium oxalate crystals.

The district of Quiapo in downtown Manila and the town of Cuyapo in Nueva Ecija was name after this plant. There were abundant kiyapo growing the creeks and river tributaries. Some local garden center sells Pistia stratiotes between Php 10.00 to Php 75.00 depending on the size.

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Eichhornia crassipes or Water hyacinth

1.) Eichhornia crassipes, known as water hyacinth or incorrectly called water lily is an aquatic plant native to the Central and South American countries.

Water hyacinth was introduced to the country by the Spaniards in the late 16th century in the country, It is now found in many parts of the world. Sometimes people would incorrectly called this as water lily and a festival is celebrated yearly in Las Piñas City.

Sipag Villar Foundation provides livelihood opportunity to women by helping them make products from water hyacinth. There are many uses of the stems such as wreath, baskets, mats, woven bags, tissue holder and slippers. Their livelihood advocacy had spread in many areas of the country.

However in many parts of the globe, this plant is considered as invasive species.

Bibliography, Sources and References:

Personal Interviews : Mr. Jose Juan Paraiso, Mr. Achilles Antiquina Lussier, Mr. Aira Certeza, Mr. Edwin Aytona, Architect Andrew Patrick Gozon, Ms. Marge Hermoso, Mr. Joselito Flores and Ms. Lily Chin

Yeow Chin Wee,Marshal Cavendish Times Editions; Revised Edition edition (2005),Ferns of the Tropics: ISBN-10: 9812611797, ISBN-13:978-9812611796

The anti-aging effects of Ludwigia octovalvis on Drosophila melanogaster and SAMP8 mice / Wei-Sheng Lin, Jun-Yi Chen, Jo-Chiao Wang, Liang-Yu Chen et al / Age (Dordr), Apr 2014; 36(2): 689-703 / doi:  10.1007/s11357-013-9606-z

Slocum, Perry D., Timber Press, Incorporated; 1st ed. edition (February 1, 2005)Waterlilies and Lotuses: Species, Cultivars, and New Hybrids : ISBN-10:0881926841, ISBN-13:978-0881926842

Randall, Karen A., Sunken Gardens:Timber Press (February 14, 2017) A Step-by Step Guide to Planting Freshwater Aquariums, ISBN-10: 1604695927, ISBN-13: 978-1604695922

Pistia stratiotes” USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, and NOAA Great Lakes Aquatic Non-indigenous Species Information System, Ann Arbor, MI.

“Lemna System for Wastewater Treatment”. National Environmental Technology Applications Corporation. 412: 826–5511.

Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. Norrlinia 24: 1-166.

Lansdown, R.V. 2014. Hydrocotyle vulgaris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T164201A42415437.

Lambert Derek, Quick Graham, Swindells Philip. CompanionHouse Books; First Trade Paper edition (September 1, 2006): ISBN-10 :1931993815, ISBN-13:978-1931993814

Jain, S. K. (1990).Azolla pinnata R.Br. and Lemna minor L. for removal of lead and zinc from polluted water. Water Research 24:2 177-83.

Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.

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