Category Archives: orchid

Color Forms and Varieties of Blooming Sanggumay Orchid

Sanggumay season once again and as the dry season starts in almost all the western part of the country .

This is an annual event that every orchid hobbyists, backyard growers and naturalist would anticipate . Normally, it is observed that there is plenty of blooms ( long dry season ) fewer bloom ( short dry season) .

Sanggumay is an orchid species which is very popular and is grown in wide range of climatic types across the country. The northern types bloom usually earlier compared to the ones that is found in Southern Luzon , Bicol region and Visayas region.

Dendrobium anosmum variety dearei / alba 

Sanggumay is the usual local name of Dendrobium anosmum and its relatives , although there could be as much as a dozen known local names for this orchid.

Sangumay ” , meaning ” Nakaka-gugumay ” ( Dendrobium anosmum ) very strong odor , smell from a distance . In English offensive odor – page 44 ,Quisumbing’s Philippine Orchids , Volume 1 ( Eugenio Lopez Foundation ) 1981 .

personal photo from the author

There was an orchid stall selling some Dendrobium anosmum variety  huttonii . which caused some elation among orchid growers and enthusiasts . This type of orchid variety is quite rare in cultivation . The price of this orchid variety raised some eyebrows among seasoned orchid growers and even horticulturists.  The orchid  being sold is at Php 3,000 per cane or approximately $ 60.00 with some pale pink looking flowers!

jemf photography

I saw my photographer /FB friend Mr. Jonel Cresfo last March 5 sunday while at the orchid show attending a flower arrangement demonstration and we decided to explore the possibility of taking some clear shots of the so-called  variety ” huttonii ” and tried some expert eyes and comparing notes from other seasoned orchid growers , orchid books, etc. Books that were published showing the correct description of the varieties and to some extend showing photos to some of our foreign counterparts.

close-up view of the flowers ( photo courtesy:  Mr. Jonel Cresfo) 

We decided to explore the possibilities of some collaboration  and tie-up for taking some photos.

personal photo of the author

Here is the technical description on a book that was published in 1981 which the author was able to buy at least a decade ago when the Lopez Museum held their clearance sale . Aside from the reference , the author also consulted Dendrobium anosmum expert from all over the world.

Page 322 and 323 of Quisumbing’s Philippine Orchids volume 1 states:

Perigonio candido , labelli disco ac ungue purpureis.

A very striking novelty . The flowers are clear white . The disc of the lip bear two beautiful purplish blotches , and its base is of the same color . For this beautiful thing we have to thank Messrs. Veitch , who obtained it through their late excellent collector , Mr. Hutton , from Malayan Archipelago.

In habit and general features similar to the species . The stems are comparatively shorter and more slender . The flowers are beautiful ,showy slightly fragrant , and about 8.5 cm across . They resemble those of the former variety in being pure white throughout but have the throat of the labellum dark purple .

Luzon , Manila , Mrs. Remedios C. Gonzales’s gardens , Phil. Nat. Herb. 103 Quisumbing , March 10, 1934. The plant was originally collected by orchid peddlers among the typical plants of Densrobium anosmum , from the mountains of Rizal Province, Luzon .

This , like the former variety , is very rare and beautiful , having been seen by the author in Manila gardens but once during his many years of study of orchids . It is characterized by having white flowers with the throat of the labellum dark purple. This particular variety has also been reported from the Malay Archipelago.

Online Article References:

Kew Garden : 57076http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-57076

Orchid Talk Forum : https://www.orchidsforum.com/threads/dendrobium-anosmum-var-huttonii.10190/

https://www.orchidsforum.com/threads/dendrobium-anosmum-var-huttonii.17980/

Orchid Species : http://www.orchidspecies.com/denanosmum.htm

Global Biodiversity Information Facility : http://www.gbif.org/species/5316957

Photos are taken by the author and Mr. Jonel Cresfo

Note : Since this was spotted at the last orchid show , It is up to the viewers of this site to comment if they feel that this is the TRUE type of Dendrobium anosmum variety ” huttonii” or just purely a sales gimmick to captivate one’s imagination and lust for profit !

 

 

 

Philippine Orchid Society’s 71st annual orchid show schedule of daily lectures and workshop

Philippine Orchid Society will be having the 71st annual orchid and garden show from February 25 to March 7, 2017 . Here are the daily schedules of workshop and talks at the upcoming orchid show . The lectures and workshop is part of the awareness and public lecture conducted by the organization .

The entrance fee is Php 30 for the general public and Php 20 for students and senior citizens with valid Id’s .

 

Untimely Bloom of Dendrobium aphyllum in our backyard

Untimely bloom of our Dendrobium aphyllum for the second straight year , The orchid  species was originally came from the garden of Mrs. Adelina Almerol from Marikina City .

In  this time of the year , the orchid species should at least completed more than 1 month of dry treatment ,misting them only once every few days . But a change of weather from dry to a bit rainy , delayed the shedding of its leaves . It also rained a little bit last December 26, 27 and a slight drizzle on December 30 , 2016 . I must say that this is quite an early bloomer for an orchid species which had a blooming season of late February to mid-March .

Dendrobium aphyllum with only two flowers

Only few leaves from the older canes had shed their leaves . Some of the newer pseudo bulbs ( canes) are growing and some still had leaves . Although we expect another season of less flowers and more keikis ( anaks ) to follow.

Dendrobium aphyllum with long pseudobulbs still with leaves

I completely stopped any form of fertilization since early part of November 2016 .  We also got a mild fungus infection  which cause some pseudo bulbs to get rotted away .

For those healthy pseudo-bulbs . We were rewarded with longer canes .Some of the pseudo bulbs from more establish clumps had grown to about 150 cm from an average of just 100 cm to 120 cm the previous year .

Since we got a short dry season and erratic weather condition. Expecting a lot of keikis again from the older canes. For more of the orchid pest and diseases try this link .

 

 

 

Flowering Aerides quinquevulnera

Aerides quinquevulnera sometimes called Aerides quinquevulnerum  is one of the most commonly gathered and grown orchid species in the country. They are among the most beautiful  genus of orchids, many of them uniting every good quality that a plant can possess, viz., rich, evergreen, and regularly curved foliage; a graceful habit, flowers deliciously scented, and of peculiar elegance.

Aerides quinquevulnera

There is a big specimen clump of the orchid at the stall of Mabuhay Orchids during the last orchid show ( August 25 to September 5, 2016) This specimen orchid had over a dozen spikes with hundreds of flowers.

Aerides quinquevulnera exhibited by Purificacion Orchids

The large sized, hot to intermediate growing monopodial epiphyte occurring at elevations of about 250 meters to over 2,000 meters in bright light locations that has lorate, leathery leaves that are apically bilobed and blooms on a densely many flowered, 1 1/2

flowers 

The orchid used to be  classified by botanists as endemic in the Philippines on orchid books written until the early 1990’s,  Until new specimens were discovered in Malaysia, Indonesia and even in Papua New Guinea .

The orchid is normally mistaken for  Aerides odorata , but there are some minute differences on flowers and size. One of easiest way to differentiate the two species is the serration on the side of the mid lobe (lip). Aer. odorata has none to few irregular serrations, where as for Aerides quinquevulnera it has well serrated side of the lip

Aerides quinquevulnera at the commercial stall

In the Philippines, These types of orchids normally are seen growing even in cultivated orchards like mangoes farms or cultivated lowland fields.  These orchids are also commonly sold and branded as fox tail orchids, Vanda strap -leaf orchids among other names with fictitious origin .

Some unscrupulous peddlers or native orchid vendors would insert different types of flowers on the base of the stems and would even re-brand them with different names.

This is one of the first native orchids that we acquired via orchid peddlers and even neighbors coming home from the provinces . They would bring some orchids and they would give us some offshoots .

Aerides quinquevulnera mounted on a living tree

The best way to grow this type of orchid is to mount them on living palm , trees or wooden baskets.  There are newly described varieties of this species . Around the western part of the country , This orchid species blooming season is between late July to mid -October . But in other parts of the country , This orchid species can also bloom during other months .

orchid grown mounted on palm blooming for the second year 

Fertilization and Care

Aerides quinquevulera cannot tolerate full sun for a long period of time , This sepcies can tolerate between 65% to 80% sunlight with light shading . If you have palms or any living trees like mangoes , guavas , duhat , langka within backyard – These are good host trees . A small pack of slow release fertilizer , plus a weekly weakly doze of 20-20-20 water soluble fertilizers will made some wonders. Do not forget to apply once every other week a weak dosage of calcium nitrate and micro-nutrients to boost the growth .

A small amount of moss or pasdak mounted on the roots of the orchid will help retain moisture especially during the summer months.

given proper care and air circulation , small plant can bloom within 1 to 2 years. We grew  Aerides quiquevulnera on palm mounted 8 to 10 feet with some pasdak or moss around the roots . The two dozen or so flowers bloomed few days ago and carpenter bees and local wasps have begun pollination of the flowers.

References:

Philippine Orchids page 38 to 46 , Reg S. Davis and Mona Lisa Steiner 1952 ,1982

Philippine Native Orchid Species ,Cootes 2011

Website: http://www.orchidspecies.com/aerquinquevulneris.htm

1st Sanggumay Festival

The Negros Occidental Orchid Society in partnership with 888 Chinatown Square, Bacolod will be hosting their 1st Sanggumay Festival from March 31 to April 9, 2016.

The theme of the show is ” a Celebration of Native Philippines Species ” which showcase the annual blooming season of Dendrobium anosmum and other important native Philippine species .

There will be free public lecture and orchid displays at the activity area , The will also be 11 commercial booth by the members of the society selling different kinds of orchid species, orchid hybrids,succulents, trees, ornamental plants , garden supplies. Open to the Public, Free Entrance.

For more information about the event, Please try to call or send sms to Dr. John CLifton Martyr- President of the Negros Occidental Orchid Society  at 09228389603

Scent of a Sanggumay Orchid

Quezon City , Philippines

Sanggumay orchids may refer to several pendulous Dendrobium orchid species that is found in wide range of habitats in the Philippines . Usually the common name refers to  Dendrobium anosmum ( sanggumay ) , Dendrobium aphyllum ( lesser , fairy, dainty sanggumay ), Dendrobium heterocarpum , Dendrobium rhombeum ( yellow sanggumay ) . They are also called Latigo, Salome in some parts of the archipelago .

 

 Dendrobium anosmum ( ordinary color )

Latigo – is a Spanish word which means a long strap on a saddle tree of a western saddle . Because of  its long canes and the ability for the canes to be used as some sort of saddle for children playing , Hence it was called as such by the locals.

Salome also refers to the pendulous Dendrobium species like Dendrobium anosmum and Dendrobium aphyllum which their long canes or pseudo bulbs add seductiveness and erotic elements to the cultivation of the orchid species, especially when grown into big specimen and its long danging roots adds mystery to its growth . Hence some backyard growers refer them as such.

Sanggumay orchid exhibit at the 70th annual orchid and garden show

The word Sanggumay was derived from Tagalog root words : Sangsang  which means nauseating ,overpowering, stench (smell), and “Umay” or ” Gumay”  meaning tired-some, surfeit , satiety.

Please try to visit related link:  Sanggumays Flowering in the City

There are several color forms and varieties which is found over wide range of Asian countries from China, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Thailand , Indonesia, India , Cambodia, Papua  New Guinea, Philippines  from sea level of lower primary forests at elevations up to 1,500 meters.

Dendrobium anosmum variety dearei ( alba or virginalis ) plant is grown by Mrs. Anita Arebal -Are from Baras , Rizal province

Another orchid species often called sanggumay is  Dendrobium aphyllum . Sometimes , backyard growers and plant traders would call them as fairy sanggumays  , lesser or dainty sanggumays to connote the smaller flowers, thinner canes and less over powering smell compared to Dendrobium anosmum.

clumps of sanggumays being sold within the Quezon Memorial Circle

The white colored- Dendrobium anosmum variety dearei or white / alba variety had a slower growth compared to the ordinary form and it is not commonly sold in the market . Sometimes , a plant with few canes with some flowers would fetch a few hundred of pesos , while bigger clumps would fetch a few thousand !  Another rarer variety “huttonii ”  and “coerulescens ”  would cost more.

Sanggumay attached to a living host in Barangay Buhatan , Sorsogon City

Some other Dendrobium species includes Dendrobium heterocarpum , Dendrobium rhombeum, Dendrobium crumenatum ( General Nakar area, Quezon ) , Dendrobium busigerium, Dendrobium secundum and Dendrobium bullenianum would be labeled as sanggumay by dealers or backyard growers.

Scent , Fragrance or Nauseating Smell ?

The scent of the sanggumay would vary from one person . The smell meant to attract insect pollinators particularly moth, butterflies, flies, wasps , gnats and carpenter bees . The scent is strongest during night time and early morning . The smell quickly fade by late morning .

It smells like Raspberry , Grape flavor , Bubble gum or Artificial candy .

Sanggumay grown in Barangay Sisigon, Matnog, Sorsogon province

I think this is one of the most popular native orchid that is frequently cultivated in many parts of the country . In my recent road trip to Southern Luzon and Bicol provinces , Almost every houses on main streets and those with large trees have some Dendrobium anosmum or Dendrobium aphyllum that are growing almost in carefree situation.

Dendrobium anosmum and Dendrobium aphyllum grown on a pomelo shrub in Barangay Sisigon, Matnog, Sorsogon province

Since the weather and climate of Southern Luzon and Bicol provinces is different from Western part of the country , Most of the sanggumays that i have seen have only started to shed their leaves.  The weather is always cloudy with slight drizzle when we are there .  ( Type 4 climate ) Please visit : PAGASA for climate reference. Majority of the sanggumays still have leaves and it could be a month or so before they bloom.

Dendrobium anosmum and Pteroceras pallidum grown in live kakawate tree (Gliricidia sepium ) within Barangay Sisigon , Matnog , Sorsogon province

Ethono Botanical Uses:

The flowers are strung to form a garland , used as corsage during graduation ,  processional carriages are also decorated with the flowers.

In some places , They are grown near the entrance of one’s house, as some superstitious folks believes that it could ward off evil spirits or even black dwarves .

There is one orchid grower from Sorsogon province which told me that they consider the orchid species as “Good Omen” plant , during its blooming season , before the flowers would fully open , they would whisper their wishes to the orchid .

References:

Orchid Species : http://www.orchidspecies.com/denanosmum.htm

Stuart Exchange : http://www.stuartxchange.com/Kakawati.html

Winners of Freestyle Flower Arrangement

Flower Garden ( Hardin ng mga Bulaklak ) Quezon Memorial Circle , Quezon City -Philippines

Flower arrangement with the focus on orchid flower is part of the 70th annual orchid and garden show. There are over a dozen entries which competed in freestyle flower arrangements.

Botchie Canicula – Third Place

Rene Sumalinog- Third Place

Ana Ruth Conde- Third Place

Ms. Ana Ruth Purificacion – Conde used dancing lady orchid flowers and ferns

Micheal Andres- Second Place

Micheal Andres several materials such as ripe corn , abaca yarn, succulents , peperomia and Cattleya flower . He won last year’s mid-year orchid and garden show freestyle flower arrangement .

Ms. Miles Hilario – First Place

Ms. Miles Hilario is a seasoned flower arrangement artist . She is also a member  of the Floral Designer’s Circle of the Philippines

Ms. Dhory S. Alvendia flower arrangement

This is another noteworthy flower arrangement exhibit using Japanese theme . The artists used an orange colored cattleya hybrid flower and an Ascocentrum aurantiacum subspecies philippinense.

flower arrangement

The trend now a days is to use live flowering orchids and plants as floral arrangement . This will lasts until the last day of the show.