Category Archives: orchid

Blooming Sanggumay Orchids in Cebu

Blooming sanggumay orchids were the feast of the day when Mr. Jaime Chua ( a landscaper and architect ) from Mawmawan Farm in Cebu posted at his FB group the spectacular blooms of his Dendrobium anosmum or locally called sanggumay.

sanggumay orchids naturalized on a living tree within the property

A lot of the sanggumay orchids were over 1 to 3 meters long, Hence a lot of them were attached to the trunks and stems of the trees .

light purple and violet sanggumays

Some of his sanggumays were collected within Cebu province, while some are from Luzon .

Although sanggumays bloom only once a year, the spectacular number of blooms and their over powering fragrance.

Good air circulation is also vital for growing long canes or pseudobulbs.

 hundreds of pale purple flowers cascade on the tree trunk

One can admire the sanggumays growing at the living trees.

Photo credit: Mr. Jaime Chua 

Exuberance Blooms of Dainty Sanggumay

Exuberance blooms of dainty sanggumay, fairy sanggumay , lesser sanggumay  or Dendrobium aphyllum . This orchid species got over 120 flowers opening slowly from late March to April . This is the first time in about 3 years of growing this cultivar variety from Mrs. Adelina Almerol that we were rewarded with this number of blooms. This maybe due to several factors: larger clumps means more flowers , drier conditions ( not watering for weeks ) and good air circulation and fertilization techniques .

Dendrobium aphyllum with over 120 light pink sepals with yellowish- lip flowers

I got a few keikis ( anaks, suhi , offsets ) from Mrs. Adelina Almerol from Marikina City way back in March 1, 2014 when Pinoy Coke Fanatics hosted an eyeball for their members . Mrs. Almerol told me that the orchids she got was from Pangasinan and she grew them from a few keikis for several years.

Dendrobium aphyllum grown about 10 feet from the ground

After about 2 weeks after late March 2014 , one of the smaller keikis gave us 1 bloom which gave us a hint on the size of the orchid species . Some of the keikis eventually grew long canes and i gave few keikis to some orchid hobbyists . The color form and shape of the flowers is bigger than the usual Dendrobium aphyllum, so the author gave this Dendrobium aphyllum a cultivar name of ” Adelina Almerol ” in honor of the owner of the clump.

This particular orchid got an untimely blooms around last December 2016 and early January 2017, with about 3 to 4 flowers.

There were over 120 flowers bore on several mature pseudobulbs creating a shower-like effect or shower / curtain effect .

Common Names: People would call this under numerous names, the most common is sanggumay . To be more specific – due to the smaller pseudobulbs and smaller flowers , They would refer this one as dainty , fairy or lesser sanggumay in reference to the thinner canes and smaller flowers.

This is one of the most commonly grown orchid species in the country .

Since the pseudobulbs are mature and we got a bigger clump , we expect the next blooming season ( 2018 ) will be more.

 

 

 

Color Forms and Varieties of Blooming Sanggumay Orchid

Sanggumay season once again and as the dry season starts in almost all the western part of the country .

This is an annual event that every orchid hobbyists, backyard growers and naturalist would anticipate . Normally, it is observed that there is plenty of blooms ( long dry season ) fewer bloom ( short dry season) .

Sanggumay is an orchid species which is very popular and is grown in wide range of climatic types across the country. The northern types bloom usually earlier compared to the ones that is found in Southern Luzon , Bicol region and Visayas region.

Dendrobium anosmum variety dearei / alba 

Sanggumay is the usual local name of Dendrobium anosmum and its relatives , although there could be as much as a dozen known local names for this orchid.

Sangumay ” , meaning ” Nakaka-gugumay ” ( Dendrobium anosmum ) very strong odor , smell from a distance . In English offensive odor – page 44 ,Quisumbing’s Philippine Orchids , Volume 1 ( Eugenio Lopez Foundation ) 1981 .

personal photo from the author

There was an orchid stall selling some Dendrobium anosmum variety  huttonii . which caused some elation among orchid growers and enthusiasts . This type of orchid variety is quite rare in cultivation . The price of this orchid variety raised some eyebrows among seasoned orchid growers and even horticulturists.  The orchid  being sold is at Php 3,000 per cane or approximately $ 60.00 with some pale pink looking flowers!

jemf photography

I saw my photographer /FB friend Mr. Jonel Cresfo last March 5 sunday while at the orchid show attending a flower arrangement demonstration and we decided to explore the possibility of taking some clear shots of the so-called  variety ” huttonii ” and tried some expert eyes and comparing notes from other seasoned orchid growers , orchid books, etc. Books that were published showing the correct description of the varieties and to some extend showing photos to some of our foreign counterparts.

close-up view of the flowers ( photo courtesy:  Mr. Jonel Cresfo) 

We decided to explore the possibilities of some collaboration  and tie-up for taking some photos.

personal photo of the author

Here is the technical description on a book that was published in 1981 which the author was able to buy at least a decade ago when the Lopez Museum held their clearance sale . Aside from the reference , the author also consulted Dendrobium anosmum expert from all over the world.

Page 322 and 323 of Quisumbing’s Philippine Orchids volume 1 states:

Perigonio candido , labelli disco ac ungue purpureis.

A very striking novelty . The flowers are clear white . The disc of the lip bear two beautiful purplish blotches , and its base is of the same color . For this beautiful thing we have to thank Messrs. Veitch , who obtained it through their late excellent collector , Mr. Hutton , from Malayan Archipelago.

In habit and general features similar to the species . The stems are comparatively shorter and more slender . The flowers are beautiful ,showy slightly fragrant , and about 8.5 cm across . They resemble those of the former variety in being pure white throughout but have the throat of the labellum dark purple .

Luzon , Manila , Mrs. Remedios C. Gonzales’s gardens , Phil. Nat. Herb. 103 Quisumbing , March 10, 1934. The plant was originally collected by orchid peddlers among the typical plants of Densrobium anosmum , from the mountains of Rizal Province, Luzon .

This , like the former variety , is very rare and beautiful , having been seen by the author in Manila gardens but once during his many years of study of orchids . It is characterized by having white flowers with the throat of the labellum dark purple. This particular variety has also been reported from the Malay Archipelago.

Online Article References:

Kew Garden : 57076http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-57076

Orchid Talk Forum : https://www.orchidsforum.com/threads/dendrobium-anosmum-var-huttonii.10190/

https://www.orchidsforum.com/threads/dendrobium-anosmum-var-huttonii.17980/

Orchid Species : http://www.orchidspecies.com/denanosmum.htm

Global Biodiversity Information Facility : http://www.gbif.org/species/5316957

Photos are taken by the author and Mr. Jonel Cresfo

Note : Since this was spotted at the last orchid show , It is up to the viewers of this site to comment if they feel that this is the TRUE type of Dendrobium anosmum variety ” huttonii” or just purely a sales gimmick to captivate one’s imagination and lust for profit !

 

 

 

Philippine Orchid Society’s 71st annual orchid show schedule of daily lectures and workshop

Philippine Orchid Society will be having the 71st annual orchid and garden show from February 25 to March 7, 2017 . Here are the daily schedules of workshop and talks at the upcoming orchid show . The lectures and workshop is part of the awareness and public lecture conducted by the organization .

The entrance fee is Php 30 for the general public and Php 20 for students and senior citizens with valid Id’s .

 

Untimely Bloom of Dendrobium aphyllum in our backyard

Untimely bloom of our Dendrobium aphyllum for the second straight year , The orchid  species was originally came from the garden of Mrs. Adelina Almerol from Marikina City .

In  this time of the year , the orchid species should at least completed more than 1 month of dry treatment ,misting them only once every few days . But a change of weather from dry to a bit rainy , delayed the shedding of its leaves . It also rained a little bit last December 26, 27 and a slight drizzle on December 30 , 2016 . I must say that this is quite an early bloomer for an orchid species which had a blooming season of late February to mid-March .

Dendrobium aphyllum with only two flowers

Only few leaves from the older canes had shed their leaves . Some of the newer pseudo bulbs ( canes) are growing and some still had leaves . Although we expect another season of less flowers and more keikis ( anaks ) to follow.

Dendrobium aphyllum with long pseudobulbs still with leaves

I completely stopped any form of fertilization since early part of November 2016 .  We also got a mild fungus infection  which cause some pseudo bulbs to get rotted away .

For those healthy pseudo-bulbs . We were rewarded with longer canes .Some of the pseudo bulbs from more establish clumps had grown to about 150 cm from an average of just 100 cm to 120 cm the previous year .

Since we got a short dry season and erratic weather condition. Expecting a lot of keikis again from the older canes. For more of the orchid pest and diseases try this link .

 

 

 

Flowering Aerides quinquevulnera

Aerides quinquevulnera sometimes called Aerides quinquevulnerum  is one of the most commonly gathered and grown orchid species in the country. They are among the most beautiful  genus of orchids, many of them uniting every good quality that a plant can possess, viz., rich, evergreen, and regularly curved foliage; a graceful habit, flowers deliciously scented, and of peculiar elegance.

Aerides quinquevulnera

There is a big specimen clump of the orchid at the stall of Mabuhay Orchids during the last orchid show ( August 25 to September 5, 2016) This specimen orchid had over a dozen spikes with hundreds of flowers.

Aerides quinquevulnera exhibited by Purificacion Orchids

The large sized, hot to intermediate growing monopodial epiphyte occurring at elevations of about 250 meters to over 2,000 meters in bright light locations that has lorate, leathery leaves that are apically bilobed and blooms on a densely many flowered, 1 1/2

flowers 

The orchid used to be  classified by botanists as endemic in the Philippines on orchid books written until the early 1990’s,  Until new specimens were discovered in Malaysia, Indonesia and even in Papua New Guinea .

The orchid is normally mistaken for  Aerides odorata , but there are some minute differences on flowers and size. One of easiest way to differentiate the two species is the serration on the side of the mid lobe (lip). Aer. odorata has none to few irregular serrations, where as for Aerides quinquevulnera it has well serrated side of the lip

Aerides quinquevulnera at the commercial stall

In the Philippines, These types of orchids normally are seen growing even in cultivated orchards like mangoes farms or cultivated lowland fields.  These orchids are also commonly sold and branded as fox tail orchids, Vanda strap -leaf orchids among other names with fictitious origin .

Some unscrupulous peddlers or native orchid vendors would insert different types of flowers on the base of the stems and would even re-brand them with different names.

This is one of the first native orchids that we acquired via orchid peddlers and even neighbors coming home from the provinces . They would bring some orchids and they would give us some offshoots .

Aerides quinquevulnera mounted on a living tree

The best way to grow this type of orchid is to mount them on living palm , trees or wooden baskets.  There are newly described varieties of this species . Around the western part of the country , This orchid species blooming season is between late July to mid -October . But in other parts of the country , This orchid species can also bloom during other months .

orchid grown mounted on palm blooming for the second year 

Fertilization and Care

Aerides quinquevulera cannot tolerate full sun for a long period of time , This sepcies can tolerate between 65% to 80% sunlight with light shading . If you have palms or any living trees like mangoes , guavas , duhat , langka within backyard – These are good host trees . A small pack of slow release fertilizer , plus a weekly weakly doze of 20-20-20 water soluble fertilizers will made some wonders. Do not forget to apply once every other week a weak dosage of calcium nitrate and micro-nutrients to boost the growth .

A small amount of moss or pasdak mounted on the roots of the orchid will help retain moisture especially during the summer months.

given proper care and air circulation , small plant can bloom within 1 to 2 years. We grew  Aerides quiquevulnera on palm mounted 8 to 10 feet with some pasdak or moss around the roots . The two dozen or so flowers bloomed few days ago and carpenter bees and local wasps have begun pollination of the flowers.

References:

Philippine Orchids page 38 to 46 , Reg S. Davis and Mona Lisa Steiner 1952 ,1982

Philippine Native Orchid Species ,Cootes 2011

Website: http://www.orchidspecies.com/aerquinquevulneris.htm

1st Sanggumay Festival

The Negros Occidental Orchid Society in partnership with 888 Chinatown Square, Bacolod will be hosting their 1st Sanggumay Festival from March 31 to April 9, 2016.

The theme of the show is ” a Celebration of Native Philippines Species ” which showcase the annual blooming season of Dendrobium anosmum and other important native Philippine species .

There will be free public lecture and orchid displays at the activity area , The will also be 11 commercial booth by the members of the society selling different kinds of orchid species, orchid hybrids,succulents, trees, ornamental plants , garden supplies. Open to the Public, Free Entrance.

For more information about the event, Please try to call or send sms to Dr. John CLifton Martyr- President of the Negros Occidental Orchid Society  at 09228389603