Encylia alata – butterfly orchid

a specimen sized Encyclia alata grown in Metro Manila

Encylia alata [Bateman]Schlechter 1914

Synonyms *Epidendrum alatum Bateman 1840, Encyclia alatum

Common Name: Winged Encyclia , Butterfly Orchid 

The genus name comes from Greek enkykleomai (“to encircle”), referring to the lateral lobes of the lip, which encircle the column.  There are about 200 species and varieties of this genus.

Flowers: the color of the flower mat range from light yellow to yellowish green (to maroon-brown) marked flowers with purple, whitish 3-lobed lip, band of yellow on margin of the frilled mid-lobe and purple striations, spicy fragrance.

Flower Size:  2 to 2 1/2″ [5 to 6.25 cm]

There can be diverse differences in flower morphology in this species most often in size and the shape of the lateral sides of the lip. It has a honey-sweet spicy smelling fragrance and they bloom in the spring through fall on an apical, up to 4 feet in height with long arching  branched inflorescence with many, variable in color and shape. The inflorescence may carry from 5 flowers to as many as 100 flowers for large specimen plant.  Flowers may last up to 3 weeks in perfect condition. The butterfly orchids bloom in early summer to late autumn.  Butterflies will take nectar at the small flowers, but are not pollinators of these plants. Pollination is performed by small bees, which can negotiate the complex column.

Plant Range:

This orchid may range from medium to large sized plant . Hot to warm growing species , when mature the plant may reach over 2 meters high . This orchid is found in Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala,El Salvador , Costa Rica, Colombia, Panama, Nicaragua, Belize occurring from sea level to 1,000 meters in elevation.  Growing on trees and occasionally on soil pockets.

This orchid species is easy to grow and there are a lot of orchid connoisseurs from all over the world, which grow this orchid species in their collection. In the Philippines, this orchid is becoming popular among orchid growers.  Other Asian countries like Japan, Taiwan, Thailand and Singapore this orchid is widely grown due to its fragrance.

Growing Media:

This orchid can grow in various media from coconut husk , charcoal, mounting on kakawate trees, live palm trees.

Fertilization:

Water-soluble fertilizers are generally used every two weeks during the growing season or per label instructions.
Controlled, slow-release fertilizers are worked into the media usually only once during the growing season or per label directions.
For organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion, follow label directions as they may vary per product.
A balanced fertilizer, mixed at 1/4-1/2 recommended strength, should be applied weekly during periods of active growth.

Light Conditions:

Partial Shade is defined as filtered light found beneath trees with high limbs. Partial shade usually offers some protection from direct afternoon sun.


Watering:

Water the orchid liberally when in active growth .

Pest and Diseases:

Pest: Spider Mites are small, 8 legged, spider-like creatures which thrive in hot, dry conditions (like heated houses). Spider mites feed with piercing mouth-parts, which cause plants to appear yellow and stippled. Leaf drop and plant death can occur with heavy infestations. Spider mites can multiply quickly, as a female can lay up to 200 eggs in a life span of 30 days. They also produce a web, which can cover infested leaves and flowers.

Prevention and Control:

Keep weeds down and remove infested plants. Dry air seems to worsen the problem, so make sure plants are regularly watered, especially those preferring high humidity such as tropicals, citrus, or tomatoes. Always check new plants prior to bringing them home from the garden center or nursery. Take advantage of natural enemies such as ladybug larvae. If a miticide is recommended by your local garden center professional or county Cooperative Extension office, read and follow all label directions. Concentrate your efforts on the undersides of the leaves as that is where spider mites generally live.

Pest : Mealybugs

Small, wingless, dull-white, soft-bodied insects that produce a waxy powdery covering. They have piercing/sucking mouth parts that suck the sap out of plant tissue. Mealybugs often look like small pieces of cotton and they tend to congregate where leaves and stems branch. They attack a wide range of plants. The young tend to move around until they find a suitable feeding spot, then they hang out in colonies and feed. Mealybugs can weaken a plant leading to yellow foliage and leaf drop. They also produce a sweet substance called honeydew (coveted by ants) which can lead to an unattractive black surface fungal growth called sooty mold.

Prevention and Control:

Isolate infested plants from those that are not. Encourage natural enemies such as lady beetles in the garden to help reduce population levels of mealybugs.

Pest : Aphids

Aphids are small, soft-bodied, slow-moving insects that suck fluids from plants. Aphids come in many colors, ranging from green to brown to black, and they may have wings. They attack a wide range of plant species causing stunting, deformed leaves and buds. They can transmit harmful plant viruses with their piercing/sucking mouthparts. Aphids, generally, are merely a nuisance, since it takes many of them to cause serious plant damage. However aphids do produce a sweet substance called honeydew (coveted by ants) which can lead to an unattractive black surface growth called sooty mold.

Aphids can increase quickly in numbers and each female can produce up to 250 live nymphs in the course of a month without mating. Aphids often appear when the environment changes – spring & fall. They’re often massed at the tips of branches feeding on succulent tissue. Aphids are attracted to the color yellow and will often hitchhike on yellow clothing.

Prevention and Control:

Keep weeds to an absolute minimum, especially around desirable plants. On edibles, wash off infected area of plant. Ladybugs and lacewings will feed on aphids in the garden. There are various products – organic and inorganic – that can be used to control aphids. Seek the recommendation of a professional and follow all label procedures to a tee.

Additional notes:

This orchid is a must for orchid growers, easy and less maintenance.

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Manila Chinese Cemetery- mounts, monuments,mausoleums ,magnate

The Manila Chinese Cemetery (founded in 1879) is the second oldest cemetery in Manila after Paco (1820), and was designated as the resting place for the Chinese citizens who were denied burial in Catholic cemeteries during the Spanish colonial period. In later times, however, even the Chinese who had converted to Catholicism were allowed to be buried in this cemetery. The place was also designated as a burial ground for people who died of communicable diseases.

Chinese cemetery -south gate entrance arch

The cemetery was once featured in several international programs like Ripley’s Believe It or Not, Lifestyle of the Rich and Famous in the 1980’s and on several international travel guidebooks.

a family mausoleum with dragon design and pagoda

The Chinese Cemetery is part of the three-cemetery complex of Manila; namely: Campo Santo de La Loma (La Loma Cemetery) 1884, Cementerio del Norte (North Cemetery) and Cementerio ng mga Instik ( Chinese  Cemetery). During the nineteenth-century, only the Catholics were allowed to be interred in La Loma. The paupers, non-Christians, victims of communicable diseases, and enemies of the colonial government were relegated to the Chinese Cemetery  for burial. The Chinese cemetery also sits on the highest  elevated portion of the district.

Through the years, as more of the Chinese rich interred their dead here, the cemetery was acquired by the Philippine- Chinese Charitable Association, Inc., and became a private cemetery. Prime movers are Don Carlos Palanca Tanchueco ( Tan Quien Sien) , Lim Ong which contributed in purchasing both the present Chinese cemetery lot and Chinese General Hospital .

Joaquin Saez Co Guanco mausoleum

A typical family cannot just buy a burial plot outright at the Chinese Cemetery; the family must properly coordinate with the Philippine- Chinese Charitable Association that had control of the site, proper measures, paper works must be done in order to secure a family burial plot . Some Filipino- Chinese may even consult the services of Feng Shui expert before the actual interment of the family members.  Many believed that choosing a proper place for graveyard is very important for the welfare not only of the dead but also for the future generation of the clan.

A family plot can only be leased for twenty-five years then can be renewable for another 25 years and so on. However, if one had achieved exemplary accomplishments in life — toward the betterment of the society  while living, that  person could be rewarded a burial site for free as in the mausoleum for Chinese martyrs and fire volunteers.

an emptied family mausoleum

For those families unable to afford a continuance of the lease once due for renewal, they are no longer allowed to do any more maintenance work on their respective grave site or mausoleum. However, the cemetery administrators will not evict the buried by digging up and disposing the remains, because they might only attract bad luck into their life. Instead, a grave site or mausoleum will be left untouched to decay with time.

Mang Nolasco

According to Mang Jun Nolasco one of the tomb caretakers, there used to be over 600 caretakers at any given time in the Chinese cemetery. They lived in nearby places. This was some sort of a profession; some of us here are already tomb caretakers for more than 40 to 50 years! However in recent times their numbers had decline to barely 250.  The cost in maintaining a family mausoleum relatively high, imagine you need to pay a renewal fee to the association which happens when the term lease expires, then the association will measure the family plot –The association charges a typical fee of Php 1,400 per square meter, excluding renovations, re-painting and others.

Most of the families who moved out of this place would just buy plot outside in a modern memorial garden. At least they own the lot.

Chinese Fu-Dogs made from ceramic

There are about ten security guards on bicycle patrol and another ten security guards on foot patrol.  They guard some of the vital vantage points of the cemetery, the perimeter walls bordering  (North Cemetery), main gate, and temple. Sometimes vandals would cross the walls from North cemetery to Chinese cemetery.  The 30 feet high adobe wall separates the Chinese cemetery to the North cemetery.

A Chinese Fu-Dog guardian of family mausoleum – made of ceramic

Located near the main entrance was the pyramid-shaped monument (a significant symbol to Free Masons) now stands on the original site of his resting place at the Chinese Cemetery.   Apolinario Mabini, “the Sublime Paralytic“, and as “the Brains of the Revolution.” Is one of our country’s national heroes.

Apolinario Mabini grave  with pyramidal- shaped monument  and historical marker

He was buried inside the Chinese cemetery for the aforementioned criteria: he was a Mason; hence, a non-Christian; he died from cholera (a communicable disease back then) ; and his insurgent writings and involvements in the 1896 and Filipino-American 1898 revolution deemed him enemy of the state. Upon his death on May 13, 1903, he was buried in the Chinese Cemetery, His remains were later transferred to his hometown in Tanauan , Batangas   to a permanent gravesite.

Apparently, Apolinario Mabini had a street named after him near his gravesite.

This is the simple De Vera family mausoleum located within Ceng Chong Road a few blocks from the YU– Chu Family mausoleum (more popularly known as Regal mausoleum) within the cemetery.

De Vera family mausoleum

My grandfather was Mr. Federico De Vera of Sorsogon and Samar province (August 18,1909 to December 20, 1956)  Chinese- Filipino origin. ( Mother’s surname is said to be Hernandiso )

My maternal grandfather is a farmer, trader and worked before in Rialto Studio . During the Japanese occupation, my grandfather was a guerrilla intelligence spy. Being married with 8 children at that time, he choose to stay as an underground spy with few actual combat encounters against the invading Japanese forces in Sorsogon province. There was also one incident that he was spotted by 2 Japanese soldiers while boiling peanuts and was fired-upon twice, Luckily he escapes towards the creek by diving .

frangipani blooming beside the family tomb

Mrs. Toribia  (Tankiko / Tangkeko / Tangueco ) Lim -De Vera hails from Bulan , Sorsogon (May 17, 1910 to November 20, 1983) is of Spanish – Chinese –Filipino origin. However, According to family members, De Vera family surname belongs to the Chinese  (So) surname clan.

My maternal grandmother is also a farmer, plant lover, herbalist ,  entrepreneur. She also knew how to drive a car (at the time when very few knew how). She  can speak in Spanish, Bikol – Sorsogon, Tagalog, English, Mandarin and Hokkien.

grandparents pictures on top of the gravestone

Colorful ribbons signify a recent visit made by family members or friends. These colorful papers  are pasted all over the tombstones and mausoleum.

She maintained 3 general merchandise stores about 6×6 square meters in Matnog, Sorsogon in the early 1940’s which sold a variety of school supplies, candles, candies, light bulbs, rice, canned goods, dress, dried fish, abaca, cigarettes.  It is said to be one of the biggest in Matnog area before they were ransacked by the Japanese during the closing days of the second world war.

According to some old relatives, her family is a distant relative of the Realonda – Rizal’s mother.

tomb stone marker

This family mausoleum was built on December 1956, when my grandfather died of a sudden heart attack.  The simple cross and old frangipani tree that severed as point of reference. The family mausoleum is not grand or ornately built compared to nearby mausoleum but the simple architectural structure would imply the simplicity and the income bracket of the family.

There were other relatives from So, De Vera , Ymaz , Lim , Chan , Kho, Dy  family clan  and some victims of the infamous Ruby Tower earthquake  who were  also buried within the cemetery.

Yu-Chu family mausoleum

Locate in between Kong Teh and  Ceng Chong road is UNO High School ( Filipino- Chinese School ) founder  Don Domingo Yu Chu family mausoleum – . This prominent Filipino- Chinese educator, businessman , philanthropist , copra magnate envisioned founding a school to educate the youth thus UNO school is his lifetime dream. He also help to established Chang Kai Shek College .  The family mausoleum is more popularly known as Regal mausoleum ( since Regal is the film company  Mrs. Lily Y. Monteverde) .

Don Domingo Yu Chu monument

The family mausoleum is one of the most popular mausoleum  in the cemetery . The big green tile roofs and massive structure almost 3 to 4 stories high, with tombstone marker made from carrara marble and granite  are all imported from Italy .  Big Chinese fu-dogs guard the main entrance  and a statute of the family patriarch Don Domingo Yu Chu  stands .  This is also one of the most massive structures within the cemetery.

Ma Mon Luk mausoleum with his two wives

This mausoleum with a huge crown on its top belongs to famous restaurateur  Mr. Ma Mon Luk ( Mami King ) . His two wives are also buried here on either side of him. Ma Mon Luk was a salesman, showman ,cook and hopeless romantic; his was a life worthy of a telenovela (soap opera). He worked very hard and started to peddle his goods , people used to call his mami ( gupit)  in pre-war Intramuros and Binondo  areas. Some of his first clients were students from Colegio de San Juan de Letran , Ateneo and Filipino- Chinese.

At least three Ma Mon Luk restaurants are still operational in Benavides ( now called Masuki), Quezon Boulevard

near  Quiapo church and Quezon City  Quezon Boulevard  near Banawe.

While some of his descendants opened another mami chain called Masuki which had 3 to 4 stores in operations – Benavides ( original Ma Mon Luk ) , Greenhills , Ortigas .

Chamsamco family grave

A family mausoleum which caught my fancy was the Chamsamco family built in 1947 with the famous swastika equilateral cross . Archeological evidences of this design may be traced back from the Indus valley region dates back from the Neolitic period.  This is widely used in Eastern and Dharmic religion such as Buddhist, Hindusim, Jainism.

modern style family mausoleum

The Chinese cemetery is a repository of various architectural marvels from simple tombstones, ornate, art deco, modern, traditional , hybrid , classical .

Manila Chinese Cemetery

Location :Felix Huertas Street corner Aurora Boulevard

Transportation : jeepney ride, tricycle , ( LRT- Blumentritt station) , pedicab
Opening Hours: 7.30 am to 7.00 pm daily.
Admission: Free.

Note: Tour guides are available ( offered by the cemetery) rates differ from Php 300 to Php 500  individual or group.

But if you knew someone with dead relatives or friends just hop along with them.

Video taping is not allowed . ( permission must be sought)

* The author occasionally does a free walking tour around the area upon request by close friends or relatives.


Halloween collectibles

Halloween pumpkin made from plastics

Did you like scary movies and toys  when you were a kid?  Can  you still  remember great Tagalog films like ” Shake Rattle and Roll” produced by Regal films in the 1980’s until today ? Do you still love those things today and find they make great collectibles? Halloween Collectibles you’ll find scary dolls, Universal Monsters, Monster models, Mc Farlane Movie Maniacs, Elvira dolls, Night mare before Christmas toys from the past and present! collectables here, this is just a site for information on the latest and greatest! And we can point you in the right direction to find them if possible.

classic movie monster on stamps

On September 30, 1997 The United States Postal Service issued “Classic Movie Monsters” stamps at Universal Studios Hollywood starring Lon Chaney as “The Phantom of the Opera“, Bela Lugosi as “Dracula“, Boris Karloff as ” Frankenstein” and “The Mummy” and Lon Chaney, Jr. as “The Wolf Man” on Commemorative Stamps immortalizing them as the icons of the horror genre.

Nightmare before Christmas character figurines

This is the time of the year when this some holiday is celebrated all over the world. but few people would know that there are people who collects halloween stuffs , toys, posters ,  collectibles  from costumes to figurines and to stamps.

I knew some people who tend to collect halloween themed toys and dvd movies. but due to security reasons , some of them do not like their names to be posted and thus remain a mystery in the collecting world.

Taeniophyllum – one of the smallest orchid in the world

picture taken in Quezon province:

Taeniophyllum sp. Blume

Common Names: Pin head orchid, minute orchid, leafless orchid , tapeworm orchid

INTRODUCTION: A genus of leafless orchids. Around one hundred eighty  to two hundred species in this genus are distributed from India, Sri Lanka, Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia , Southeast Asia  the Philippines to New Guinea, Australia, some Pacific Islands as far as Tahiti. New Guinea is considered to be the centre of distribution with some eighty species alone, some of which may prove to be con specific.

GENUS NAME: The genus name is taken from the Greek tainia (band, fillet, ribbon) and phyllon (leaf) in a reference not clearly understood as these orchids are leafless.

Its scientific name means, rather unattractively, ‘tapeworm leaf’. Its roots have not only developed into flat, tapeworm-like shapes several yards long that writhe statically all over the branch on which the plant sits.

Type Species : Taeniophyllum glandulosum Blume

CHARACTERISTICS : The species in the genus are small to very small leafless epiphytes with flattened green roots which contain chlorophyll and have taken over the photosynthetic role of the leaves. The leaves are reduced to minute, overlapping scales covering the stem apex. The flowers of the species are very short-lived, they are mostly greenish-white to yellow.

Taeniophyllums have small brown scales instead of leaves and the process of photosynthesis is carried out in the green roots. Most members of this genus grow upon the twigs of rain forest trees and in cultivation.

NUMBER OF SECTIONS IN THE GENUS: The genus is divided into two sub-genera and six sections along their difference in united or free sepals and petals.

HABITAT: Not easily detected in their natural habitat the species grow on tree trunks either near the forest floor or among the dense foliage of the smaller twigs. They are found from sea level to about 1000 m.

In the Philippines , some species could be seen growing on mango trees and small trees. This orchid prefers to be undisturbed and could not survive on long dry conditions.

Doreamon stamps

Doraemon is a blue cat-like robot in Japanese comic books. He is very popular in Japan. Everybody loves him—children, mothers, students. He came from the future to the present in a time machine.

This a a favorite Japanese manga series created by Mr. Fujiko F. Fujio – pen name of Mr. Hiroshi Fujimoto . The series is about a robotic cat who travels back in time from the 22nd century . The cat had a special pocket with a lot of clever new innovations always in to aid  a school boy and a friend  Nobita Nobi (野比 のび太 )an elementary school student.

The series first appeared in December 1969, when it was published simultaneously in six different magazines. In total, 1,344 stories were created in the original series, which are published by Shogakukan under the Tentōmushi (てんとう虫 ) manga brand, extending to forty-five volumes. The volumes are collected in the Takaoka Central Library in Toyama, Japan. Fujio was born in Toyama.

Doraemon stamps issued on 2004 (Photo: courtesy Of Mr. William Chua)

A majority of Doraemon episodes are comedies with moral lessons regarding values such as integrity, perseverance, courage, family and respect for elders. Several noteworthy environmental issues are often visited, including homeless animals,  endangered species , deforestation , loss of habitat and pollution .

Doraemon was awarded the first Shogakukan Manga award for children’s manga or cartoon in 1982, and the first Osamu Tezuka Culture Award in 1997. In March 2008, Japan’s Foreign Ministry appointed Doraemon as the nation’s first “anime ambassador.” Ministry spokesman explained the novel decision as an attempt to help people in other countries to understand Japanese anime better and to deepen their interest in  Japanese anime culture The Foreign Ministry action confirms that Doraemon has come to be considered a Japanese cultural icon. In 2002, the anime character was acclaimed as an Asian Hero in a special feature survey conducted by Time Asia magazine.

This popular anime character had been immortalized on stamps , stuff toys, fast food toys, key chains, stationery etc..

The show is locally shown on GMA channel 7 in the mid 1990’s

Campaign on the high gear

The recently concluded Campaign 2010 trade exposition last October 21 to 22, 2009 at the World Trade Center in Pasay City was a glimpse of a unique trade fair that focuses on the needs of every aspiring politician who would seek public office.

Infomercials, posters, streamers, radio and television hosting are just a reminder that election season had already begun.

Huge banners and colorful balloons greeted every visitor to the expo site. With over 150 stalls of different companies vying to catch the attention. Every stall had their own gimmick from giving free candies, ball pens, stickers, key chains, memo pad, mugs, calendar, button pins to colorful leaflets. These are the traditional giveaways during campaign sorties.

COMELEC booth

The daily paid seminar series sponsored by COMELEC were jam-packed with people. There were different topics from elections rules and regulations to basic election protocols in which if properly observed and enforced by the election officers would mean that a lot of politicians would surely be disqualified in the upcoming election.

People who trooped to the expo site wear political colors, Some wear blazing red color reminiscent of Marcos regime, Some wear yellow color with Ninoy and Cory embroidered on their t-shirt, some wear collared shirts with the map of tricolors of Philippine flag while a handful of students wore orange colored t-shirts.

According to Mr. Reynaldo Reyes the event manager of ICE, Inc..“ What makes this event unique, is that is the first automated election to be conducted in the country’s electoral history ”. People are fascinated to know and learn on the rudiments on the upcoming elections.  Unlike before, people are left out of the limelight.   COMELEC exhibit booth with their representatives was there to explain the queries of the public.  A sample of a counting machine was also displayed by SMARTMATIC Company in order for the public to see and even scrutinized.

COMELEC gave away pamphlets on basic election rules and guidelines to the visitors.

Samahang Kartunista ng Pilipinas gallery exhibit

Galleries of political figures drawn by some of the country’s top cartoonist were on display. Their display adds humor to the political satire and climate of the country.

Philippine Free Press with their gallery of political personalities which included late Presidents Ferdinand Marcos, Corazon Cojuangco Aquino , Manuel Quezon among other famous personalities.  Serious magazine collectors consider some of the covers as collectibles.

The exhibit booth were a memorabilia corner where supporters from different age and ethnic groups converge and served as a photo opportunities for their die-hard supporters.

Other media partners included Manila Bulletin and Studio 23 “ Y Speak” sponsored a forum in which youth representatives from different political parties were given a chance to debate on which aspiring candidates

Aside from traditional campaign paraphernalia’s, there were also companies that provides high tech campaign services like sms, software, websites, on-line surveys, data management, geographical information system (election bulwarks) and even mock election results. With election going high tech, selling these kinds of services is keeping up phase with the trend.

Today, about 60 million Filipinos subscribe to a mobile-phone service. Software allowing communication with cell-phone users are also now available, Tan points out, making the ubiquitous mobile the closest one could get to a killer campaign tool.

Still, it’s not the only high-tech device being employed in the current campaign. The decidedly younger voters are making sure the new technologies of their generation are spicing it up, and that means going beyond a popular hand-held gizmo. Indeed, in recent years, the benefits of technology have managed to turn the political exercise less of a throwback from the first-ever held local polls in the country more than a century ago, resulting in campaigns that have become more and more wired.

The Internet age has even encouraged online campaigning not just by candidates but also by individuals and organizations wishing to contribute to voter awareness and education. Bloggers, forumers , networking sites among others….

But innovative ways does not come cheap. Some software packages runs from hundred of thousands of pesos to even millions of pesos!!!

Bunga China Ubod Recipe

Adonidia merrillii or Veitchia merrillii –this palm was named to honor Mr. James Veitch a British nurseryman (1792 -1863)

Common names: Bunga China , Bunga de Jolo, Christmas palm, Manila palm

Manila palm is a small, fast growing; palm not taller than 25′ and often much smaller.
It resembles a dwarf royal palm.
This is a straight trunked palm with indistinct rings.
Adonidia has clusters of bright red, drupe-like fruits and inconspicuous unisexual, white – yellow flowers.
By late September the green fruits are beginning to ripen and by late November they are bright red!
The fruits are 1¼” in diameter while the seeds are ½” and borne below the crown shaft. The leaf is feather – shaped and the leaflets are trusted in on it.

recipe courtesy  by Mr. Nonito Dolera

Ingredient:

Filling:

  • 2 tbsp. oil
  • 2 piece garlic clove, crushed
  • 2 piece onion, thinly sliced
  • 4 oz/100 g parboiled lean pork, diced
  • 2 oz/50 g ham, shredded (   shredded bacon bits/ chicken breast optional )
  • 4 tbsp. peeled chopped prawn
  • 2 oz/50 g cooked chickpeas
  • 8 oz/200 g ubod (manila palm hearts), shredded thinly sliced.
  • 6 oz/150 g French beans, shelled
  • 1 carrot, shredded
  • 12 oz/250 g cabbage, shredded
  • sprigs onions
  • salt and pepper
  • 12 crisp lettuce leaves
  • 12 lumpia wrappers

Lumpiang Bunga china ubod sauce

  • ¼ pint (or more) chicken stock
  • 2 oz/50 grams brown sugar or muscovado sugar 
  • 2 tbsp. soy sauce
  • 1 tbsp. cornstarch / corn flour
  • 3 tbsp. cold water
  • 2-3 tsp. finely minced garlic
  • crushed peanuts

Lumpia Wrapper:

  • 2 to 3  eggs
  • 3 oz/75 g cornflour
  • ½ pint/250 ml water
  • vegetable oil

How to cook the ingredients:

Filling:

  • Heat the oil and lightly fry the onion and garlic  until soft.
  • Add the pork and ham, cook, stirring for a few minutes.
  • Add prawns and chickpeas and cook a little longer.
  • Stir in the ubod, beans, carrot and cabbage.
  • Season with salt and pepper.
  • Cover and simmer until the vegetables are just tender. Drain and cool.
  • Wrap a portion of the filling and a sprigs onion in a lettuce leaf and then in a pancake.
  • Serve with Lumpiang ubod sauce.


Lumpia Wrapper:

  • Separate the eggs and whisk the whites until very stiff. Fold into the lightly beaten yolks.
  • Blend the cornstarch with water, adding the water gradually to ensure smoothness.
  • Stir thoroughly into the egg. Lightly brush the frying pan with oil and heat.
  • Using 2 tbsp. of lumpia batter at a time, fry very thin pancakes.
  • Tilt the  pan to spread the batter evenly, do not turn and do not allow the pancakes to color.

Sauce:

  • Bring the stock to the boil with the sugar, soy sauce and salt.
  • Blend the cornstarch with the cold water and stir it into the stock.
  • Simmer, stirring for 3 to 4  minutes, until the sauce thickens.
  • Sprinkle the minced garlic and chopped peanuts on the top.
  • Add sesame seeds ( optional)

Collectibles,books,tours,philately,current events,orchids, plants, environment, trade fairs etc…

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