Archbishop Jaime Cardinal L. Sin exhibit

Our Lady of EDSA Shrine and  background skyscrapers -EDSA corner Ortigas Avenue

second floor of the EDSA Shrine where the exhibit is being held

EDSA Shrine – Quezon City

February 25, 2011 marked the 25th or  silver anniversary of EDSA People Power was celebrated with great jubilation in all parts of the country.

The theme ” Pilipino Ako, Ako Ang Lakas ng Pagbabago ”¬† Highlighting the achievements made for the country and the world. The logo with the People Power monument and the portraits of President Corazon C. Aquino and martyred husband Senator¬† Benigno Aquino Jr. with yellow ribbon

 

 

 

 

Veritas magazine

This momentous event capped several years of martial rule which ended in a bloodless revolution 25 years ago.

photo collage of martyrdom of Senator Benigno Aquino Jr. in 1983

Part of the celebration was the unveiling of Cardinal Sin’s life sized statue at the nearby Andres Bonifacio drive in Manila¬† , a commemorative People Power envelope by the Philippine Postal Corporation , job fair , concert , historical tours of EDSA¬† , photo exhibit , military parade and an memorabilia exhibit of the late Jaime Lachica Sin¬† Archbishop of Manila¬† .

The People Power envelope¬† has two (2) designs with a denomination of P 15.00 nd quantity of 5,000 pieces.¬† Size: 4 1/8 inches x 9 ¬Ĺ inches , Printer: Amstar Company, Inc. Lay out Artist: Mr. Jesus Alfredo Delos Santos

The exhibit was opened by Archbishop Socrates Villegas and distinguished guests. The exhibit was held at the second level of the EDSA People Power shrine near Robinson’s Mall , Galleria branch .

head bust of Archbishop Jaime L. Sin

Jaime Sin, also Jaime Lachica Sin (31 August 1928 ‚Äď 21 June 2005)¬† Chinese¬† name: ŤĺõśĶ∑śĘÖ; ŤĺõśĶ∑ś£Č Xńęn H«éim√©i; Xńęn H«éimi√°n ).

old seminary in Jaro, Iloilo

He was the Roman Catholic archbishop of Manila  known for his instrumental role in the People Power Revolution from February 22 to 25 1986 , which toppled the regime of  President Ferdinand Marcos and installed  Mrs. Corazon Cojuangco- Aquino as the president .During his reign, he was considered an influential and charismatic leader of the country. He is also instrumental in another People  Power II in 2001.

old church bell

photograph taken during his elevation as a cardinal by Pope Paul VI

Cardinal Sin was only the third native Filipino Archbishop of Manila, following centuries of  Spanish , American , Irish  episcopacy.  He was made cardinal  by Pope Paul VI .     When he was the  Archbishop of Manila, he was widely considered  Primate of the Philippines , though no formal dignity has ever been attached to the archdiocese.

University of San Francisco citation

medal -order of Sikatuna  was conferred to his eminence Jaime Cardinal Sin by President Gloria Macapagal -Arroyo

This award is conferred upon individuals who have rendered exceptional and meritorious services to the Republic of the Philippines, upon diplomats, officials and nationals of foreign states who have rendered conspicuous services in fostering, developing and strengthening relations between their country and the Philippines, or upon personnel of the Department of Foreign Affairs  (DFA), both in the Home Office and in the Foreign Service .

miter , red skull cap and  episcopal bishop ring used by Jaime Cardinal L. Sin during his life time are on display

Miter ( also spelled mitre) from the Greek word ¬†őľőĮŌĄŌĀőĪ, “headband” or “turban”, is a type of headgear now known as the traditional, ceremonial head-dress of bishops and certain abbots in the Roamn Catholic Church. Anglican church¬† The miter is also used by Anglican Church¬† some Lutherian¬† churches, and also bishops and certain other clergy in the Eastern Orthodox and Russian Orthodox .

Skull Cap is also known  called a Zuchetto and it comes in various colours: Red : Cardinal , White : The Pope and members of the Dominican and Norbetine religious orders , Violet: (Called Amaranth Red by the RCC) Patriarchs, Archbishops and Bishops , Black: Priests and Deacons.

Episcopal Ring -When a Bishop is consecrated as Bishop, he receives a ring representing his office (Cardinals receive their own special ring, also). The Pope’s ring, known as the “Fisherman’s Ring,” is the personal and unique seal of that reigning Pontiff and is (or at least used to be) destroyed on his death.

Back side view of the archbishop vestments exhibit

front side view of the exhibit :

Pallium is worn only by archbishops (in their own dioceses), patriarchs, and the Pope, as symbol of their authority. It’s a band of white wool adorned with 6 small black crosses, worn around the neck with extensions front and back, and pinned to the chasuble in three places about the neck. The non-silk part of the pallium is made of white wool, part of which is supplied by two lambs presented annually by the Lateran Canons Regular on the feast of St. Agnes (21 January). The lambs are solemnly blessed on the high altar of that church after the pontifical Mass, and then offered to the pope, who sends palliums made of their wool to the archbishops.

Bacolo or Crozier (crozier, pastoral staff, paterissa, pósokh) is the stylized staff of office (pastoral staff) carried by high-ranking Catholic prelate  The other typical insignia includes the miter  and the episcopal . This was not exhibited .

Pectoral Cross Рis worn usually relatively large, suspended from the neck by a cord or chain that reaches well down the chest. It is worn by the clergymen  as an indication of their position, and is different from the small crosses worn on necklace by many Christians, which have no special significance.

death mask done by Mr. Napoleon Abueva

He retired on 15 September 2003, having reached the age of retirement for bishops under Canon Law. He died at the age of 76 on 21 June 2005 .

The author would thank all the people behind this event . The exhibit will run until second week of  March  . There is no entrance fee.

tarpaulin poster with a chronology of events  are hung across EDSA and nearby White Plains Avenue

People Power Monument with yellow-colored flowers

References:

APA citation. Braun, J. (1912). Zucchetto. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. from New Advent:  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15765b.htm

MLA citation. Braun, Joseph. “Zucchetto.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912.

Noonan, Jr., James-Charles (1996). The Church Visible: The Ceremonial Life and Protocol of the Roman Catholic Church. Viking. pp. 191. ISBN 0-670-86745-4.

Corazon Aquino memoriam stamps

The Philpost had issued last September 8 , 2009 a special commemorative memoriam stamps for the late president Corazon Cojuangco Aquino. This was a day before the 40th death anniversary .

First day issue with se-tenant stamp

Some of the memoriam stamps that was issued by the Philpost includes former president Ramon Magsaysay , US president John F. Kennedy , Pope John Paul II, former Manila  Archbishop Jaime Cardinal Sin among others.

President Cory is a known devotee of Mother Mary. The EDSA Shrine was formally known as the Shrine of Mary, Queen of Peace, which is dedicated to Our Lady whom many believe miraculously interceded to oust the dictatorship in a peaceful uprising in 1986.

The Philippine Postal Corporation released a  limited quantities of se-tenants postage stamps, or two pieces of stamps that are joined together but bearing different designs, in honor of the former leader.

whole sheet of President Corazon Aquino stamps

PhilPost  had issued  a limited number of the stamps of  70,000 pieces of this new Aquino stamps will be made available to the public and collectors alike.

Four-hundred pieces of first day cover (FDC) envelopes was  given as a special gift to the Aquino family. A limited number will be made available for sale during the launching, strictly for those who have been invited to the affair.

Menchit Ongpin, whose photograph of President Aquino was used in the stamp and University of Fine Arts professor Marco Ruben Trinos Malto II would also receive smaller versions of the stamp frame for their respective contributions in the preparation of this iconic stamp.

Villanueva said that ‚ÄúCory Aquino stamps will serve as a fitting tribute to her achievements before her incumbency when she led the 1986 People Power Revolution. As well as the freedom and democracy that we regained during her tenure, including fighting off several coup attempts to unseat her, must never be forgotten by all Filipinos,‚ÄĚ he said.

Villanueva is also hoping that the stamps would serve as a permanent reminder to all Filipinos, those present and future generations, of her valuable contribution to the country.

complete set of 1992 Kabisig stamps of then President Corazon Cojuangco Aquino

This is the fifth  Cory stamps issued by PhilPost. The first was when she assumed the Presidency in 1986. This is not to include the definitive issues by the Philpost in the early 2000.

complete set of 1986 People Power stamp (mint condition)

Above – Sen. Benigno Aquino post card, 1992 Kabisig first day cover

Here is the breakdown:

1986 People Power 4 piece set issue plus souvenir sheet

1987 Constitution 2 piece set

1992 Kabisig Program 4 piece set

1992 President Aquino with President Ramos inaugural stamp

The production of the stamps was  coordinated by Mr. Rapa Lopa, nephew of Mrs. Aquino, who is also the Executive Director of the Benigno Aquino, Jr. Foundation.

However, Most of the first edition print were already sold-out during the first 3 days of the sale!!!!! The Philpost again reprinted another 150,000 se-tenant set or about 300,000 stamps of Cory.

Philatelists ,  saw  the second print editions had color variations. Thus creating another market ( errors and variation)!!! The  first printed edition is highly collectible since only 35,000 pieces of  se-tenant pairs were issued.

Very limited indeed!!!!

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