Horticulture Walk and Visit to Family Mausoleum within Manila Memorial Park ( Part 2)

Manila Memorial Park is a treasure trove of tombs, family mausoleum, flora, fauna and famous personalities.

walking or jogging around the park is a healthy option to enjoy the scenery. The park is ideal for spotting some insects, birds or even flowering plants.

Among the unique tomb is the pyramid shaped tomb of Mr. Pedro T. Patalinghug Sr.


Pedro T. Patalinghug Sr. tomb

Pyramid shaped tomb of Mr. Pedro T. Patalinghug Sr. who died in 1975.


chinese temple style mausoleum


frangipani/ plumeria aka kalachuchi

Horticulture Walk

This chinese temple style mausoleum had several decades-old kalachuchi / plumeria or frangipani trees blooming.


traveller palm, kalachuchi, mango tree, royal palm, mussaenda hybrid

Ravenala madagascariensis, commonly known as traveller’s tree or traveller’s palm


Familia Rocha-Perez mausoleum

Famila Rocha -Perez mausoleum is overrun with Ficus pumila which reminds me of an open type tomb at the Manila Chinese Cemetery. The family tomb also had palms and potted sanseviera / mother- in- law plant.


Catañeda family mausoleum with Ficus pumila creeping into the walls of the family mausoleum.


L- R Dr. Nicanor Reyes Sr., Teresita M. Reyes, Amparo Reyes, Luis M. Reyes and Alfredo M. Reyes

Reyes-Montinola family mausoleum- I have been to this mausoleum several times. Paying my homage and respect to the founders of Far Eastern University.


Reyes- Montinola family mausoleum

The outer and inner wall had old Ficus pumila creeping of the walls of the family mausoleum. The hedges are planted with Hibiscus or Gumamela hybrids.


Mr. Geronimo Velasco tomb- The walls had creeping Ficus pumila, palms, crotons and bermuda grass.  The family tomb is located just beside the Reyes-Montinola family mausoleum.


Sison family


Montinola-Varona family mausoleum

Montinola-Varona family plot is neatly planted with bermuda grass, blooming boungainvilleas, auracaria and sansevieria plants.


classic with touch of modern style


Bangkok Kalachuchi or Adenium obesum hybrid blooming


Antonio Welborn mausoleum


Manila Memorial Park creek area

There were several ficus trees, bougainvillea hybrids and hedge plants planted in this portion of the park. The creek which flows within the manila memorial park property is dirty and needs periodic flushing to remove the trash.


boungainvillea hybrids


columbary units with cycad


The columbary area had some man-made cave with planted areas for foliage anthurium, ficus, dracena plant and aviary. There is also an aviary where a couple of crows are kept.


Euphorbia millii hybrid

Some family plot owners and caretakers prefer to plant Euphorbia millii hybrid within their designated area. According to them, It save them money and their brightly colored flowers also serves as flower arrangement. This also avoid some park goers to pick them since these plants are thorny.


Court of Eternal Tribute

The adobe entrance also had several Ficus trees planted to create an effect.


Royal palm, Bunga China were some of the palms planted in this family mausoleum


modern neo-gothic style mausoleum


Lagdameo-Revilla family mausoleum


Hibiscus or Gumamela  flowering


a circular family mausoleum


family mausoleum with a lot of bromeliad hybrids and date palm


Limpe Family mausoleum


 family mausoleum


bromeliad hybrid planted in a family mausoleum as hedge


Japanese-modern family mausoleum


Evangelista -Ongpauco family mausoleum


Carunugan family mausoleum

Carunungan family mausoleum is chic and shabby style architecture. With large windows, natural light can enter the mausoleum. This looked like a tooth from a distance.


Guatemalan rhubarb ( Jatropha podagrica), sometimes mistakenly called tropical ginseng. A deciduous ornamental often grown as a pot plant or in rockeries, this shrub has a thick gouty, swollen stem up to 60cm, often a few large leaves near the top of the plant.

This ornamental plant was introduced into the country during the Spanish colonial regime. This is normally used for landscaping, ornamental plant and hedge plant. This does not require frequent watering and does not have any medicinal value. Do try to eat any parts of the plant since it had a toxicity level of 2 and 3.


Dischidia ionantha or Manaog ka Irog naturalized on a tree


family mausoleum


ornately decorated family mausoleum


chapel style family mausoleum


Tantoco-Rustia family mausoleum


Samson family plot with neatly manicured lawn and ornamental plants


Cabarrus Family mausoleum with family crest


Castillo family mausoleum – Mr. Horacio ‘Atio’ Castillo III is buried along with his grand parents. He was a University of Santo Tomas (UST) freshman law student who died due to hazing cause by frat members on September 17, 2017.


Don Mariano Lim mausoleum




mid-modern family mausoleum painted in apple green

This family tomb had several mahogany trees, talisay trees planted within their property.

There is problem in water supply in the memorial park. Those planning to plant ornamental plants or trees within their family estate. Try to choose native flowering plants and trees which can withstand drought, minimal care or even petty theft, like those picking flowers or branches.


Dita tree

Alstonia scholaris or Dita tree is a native tree which is commonly planted in open spaces, parks and glad to have seen several trees planted in this portion.


Kalaw -Katigbak family mausoleum


Barringtonia asiatica or locally called Botong/ Bitun/ Bitung/ Boton is another tree which is commonly planted in the memorial park.


Lim family mausoleum- This reflect combination of Filipino-Chinese, Catholic and simple modern mausoleum.


De Vera family mausoleum- This family mausoleum is located near Rico Yan , Angela and Narciso Ramos mausoleum. The mausoleum architecture is the same with the Lim family mausoleum since they were designed by the same contractor.


family mausoleum


Co family mausoleum with blooming ixora / santans, Ochna serrulata / Mickey Mouse plant planted in cement plant boxes.


cannonball tree flowers


 Couroupita flowers also have mild scent


Couroupita guianensis is also called Ayahuma or cannonball tree. This tree is extensively used as landscape tree in Manila Memorial Park and even at the Holy Cross Memorial.


Pisonia alba is also known as Lettuce tree, maluku or Koles maluku. The apple green leaves of this ornamental tree can be eaten and used as salad or fried into tempura. This ornamental tree used to be commonly planted in many parks, private homes and garden in the 1970’s till the late 1990’s.


Tricycle TODA

Saw the mausoleums of AJ Perez, Ambassador Yuchengco along the way. There are also tricycle route inside the park. The special fare cost Php 30.


meditation tower – one of the landmarks of the park

One can visit Manila Memorial Park anytime. People could normally visit the park early in the morning to avoid the traffic and late afternoon.

Horticulture Walk and Visit to Family Mausoleums within Manila Memorial Park Part 1


Horticulture Walk and Visit to Family Mausoleums within Manila Memorial Park

Manila Memorial Park is the biggest private cemetery with combined total area of all its parks totals 342 hectares. It is located along Dr. A. Santos Avenue along Sucat, Parañaque City. The Sucat property alone covers 142 hectares.


Tan Seng Co family mausoleum and Benigno and Corazon Aquino mausoleum

Plaza of Dignity XIX– This is where the family mausoleum of former president Corazon “Cory ” Aquino and husband Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino is located. The park also manages the Holy Cross Memorial Park in Barangay San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City.


flowers were neatly arranged at the tomb of  President Corazon Aquino and Senator Benigno Aquino Jr.

The memorial park was opened in 1964, one of the first place in the country to have to western style concept of lawn burials.  In 1985, the memorial park also boasted of modern crematorium.


lawn type burial place

We have several relatives, distant cousins, family friends and close acquaintances who were buried in different sections of the cemetery.


royal palms, acacia trees, narra and mahogany tree dot this landscape


food stalls

Food stalls from small , medium and large companies had already set-up inside the park as early as October 29. Most of these stall will be open until November 2.

Horticulture and Mausoleums

There were at least 250 species of trees, flowering shrubs, ornamental plants, native trees, ficus, cacti, succulents, ferns, orchids and even variegated palms which can be easily spotted with the park. Most of the trees and ornamental plants were planted by the park management or by the families.


Adonidia merrillii / Bunga China mutant form with several kinds of ti-plant

At least 2 dozen bird species from Eurasian tree sparrow, Philippine pied fantail, turtle doves, pigeon and others which call the park as home. The wooded areas also host a number of bats, butterflies and bees. There is also an informal jogging group who meet at the park.


Valero family mausoleum

Valero family mausoleum is simple with two Egyptian sphinx guarding the main entrance. This remind me of the tomb of Tuazon-Arroyo within Manila North Cemetery.


Litonjua family mausoleum


Narciso Ramos and Angela Ramos family mausoleum

Statesman Narcisco Ramos and Angela Ramos mausoleum is just located within few meters away from a relative’s mausoleum.


Josephine “Jo” Martinez Ramos tomb- daughter of President Fidel V. Ramos is buried near the mausoleum of Narciso and Angela Ramos


Yan family mausoleum


Rico Yan mausoleum

Ricardo Carlos Castro Yan ( March 14, 1975 – March 29, 2002) mausoleum is simple, stylish and modern. Almost every caretaker within the cemetery knows this spot. Another uncle was buried just 100 meters away from this mausoleum.

Some of the fans and friends of the celebrity would visit his mausoleum every March 29 to commemorate his death anniversary.


family tomb with foo dogs and blessed mary statue


family mausoleum


Filipino-Chinese family mausoleum with foo dogs


Mabolo and Talisay tree


Adapon family mausoleum

Adapon family had a unique family mausoleum which resembles an old town church.


chinese style pagoda

Chinese style pagoda mausoleum resemble those in Manila Chinese Cemetery.


california mission style mausoleum


Co family mausoleum -with greek columns

Co family mausoleum is stately with Araucaria pine and Ptychosperma macarthurii, known as the Macarthur palm planted within the family lawn.


This chinese style mausoleum had neatly manicured lawn with large Polyalthia longifolia, the false ashoka native to India, is a lofty evergreen tree.


classical style with Manila palms and Bermuda grass

There were many interesting native trees and flowering plants within the park.

Horticulture Walk and Visit to Family Mausoleums within Manila Memorial Park Part 2

Horticultural Stroll within Manila Chinese Cemetery

Manila Chinese Cemetery is one of the biggest cemeteries at 54 hectares about 133. 43 acres which borders Manila and Caloocan City. The site used called “ Paang Bundok” and part of the triumvirate of cemeteries which also includes La Loma Catholic Cemetery and Manila North Cemetery. The area was chosen because of its hilly portion, good feng shui and vantage point.


rows of mid 20th-century houses leading to the entrance

It is rich in history, architectural heritage, cultural and horticultural wealth. Manila had few areas of greenery and the place is a treasure trove of stories to tell, share and appreciate.


boungainvillea hybrid

 Boungainvillea hybrid planted by one of the home owner which lives near the cemetery. This tends to get bushy during the rainy season. The owner told us that the flowering shrub also serves as buffer within their property line.


 Alstonia scholaris  locally known as devil tree / dita tree also found within the cemetery ground


 Another dita ( Alstonia scholaris ) is flowering, with yellow oleander and ixora ( santan) at the foreground

The cemetery had two gate opening, one is located at Felix Huertas street, Santa Cruz, Manila and is open daily at around 7:00 am until 5:00 pm and R. Papa street within Caloocan City. The R. Papa gate only opens during days leading to All Saint’s Day and All Souls Day.


newly re-built Chong Hock Tong Temple and administration building at the back

Chong Hock Tong temple which was rebuilt few years ago had a re-landscaping done.


Chong Hock Tong temple with century-old mangoes and rain trees are planted within the compound.


Drynaria quercifolia or commonly known as pakpak lawin/ paypaymo/ paipaimo

Most of the trees, plants, shrubs and flowering plants are exotic with very few native species. However what remains within the cemetery is still a sight to behold.  The place is also good site for bird and butterfly watching.


Drynaria quercifolia with Dendrobium anosmum ( sanggumay)

The rain tree, acacia or akasya tree is a perfect host for different kinds of epiphytes like Drynaria quercifolia and Dendrobium anosmum.


Shanghai Beauty or Jatropha integrrima

Shanghai Beauty is a flowering shrub was probably introduced into the country in the late 1950’s to early 1960’s by landscapers. They would use the flowering shrub extensively in their projects. This is relatively easy to grow and propagation using different kinds of method. The most popular is thru air layering, cuttings or seeds.


 banana plant with fruits


pandakaki , rosal and adenium obesum


Plumeria alba or Puting kalachuchi is another feature of the cemetery. There are dozens of plumerias planted in different parts of the cemetery. There are red colored plumerias, yellow and pinkish form.


red kalachuchi

Some of the big kalachuchis were at least 50 years-old. Few years ago, caretakers would collect dried flowers of kalachuchi and sell them to incense maker.



The pink rose featured above is relatively an old cultivar variety,Which can be grown carefree in lowland areas like in Metro Manila. This used to be very popular flowering plant throughout the archipelago from the 1950’s even until the mid -1990’s.


Ficus pumila and garlic vine covered this memorial tomb marker

Ficus pumila refers to the latin word” pumilus” meaning small or dwarf and refers to the very small leaves of the plant.

Some local gardeners would sometimes refer this as climbing ivy, creeping fig, wall creeper, climbing ivy or poison ivy. This is popular fig grown in perimeter walls in posh subdivision and old adobe walls.  landscapers would plant this creeping fig to soften the grey color of the walls.

Young fig leaves would have different colors and shades of green, Thus having a cooling effect to the immediate environment.


Ficus pumila leaves and stems

Ficus pumila tend to entangle the walls and eventually its long roots and stems would tend to erode portions of the walls or adobe stones in the long run. The old vacation house of Manuel Quezon that use to be located along Gilmore Street had several old Ficus pumila growing in its walls, When portion of the walls are being disassemble for transfer to Quezon Memorial Circle.  Most of the old adobe stone walls and hollow blocks had structural defects cause by the massive root system.


Don Manuel/ Scarlet Bush or Hamelia patens is a flowering semi-bush introduced to the country from Central and South America.


Annona squamosa commonly known as atis or sugar -apple are also found planted within family mausoleum plots. One caretaker told us that the relatives of this family mausoleum would bring atis and offer them. Then the fruits are eaten and the seeds are discarded at the ground.


sampaguita/ arabian jasmine

Sampaguita/ Arabian jasmine are also planted in several family mausoleum pocket garden.


champaka,champaca, chempaka, tsampaka, sampaka, sampaga trees

 Some families emphasize on planting fragrant flowering plants like kamuning, sinamomong sungsong/ cinamomo (Aglaia odorata), gardenia, pandakaki, ixora, kalachuchi,champaka, roses within their plots or mini gardens.


potted flowering lilium hybrids ( these are locally called star glazer)

Potted flowering liliums, chrysanthemums, orchids, guzmanias and blooming plants  are placed in family mausoleums.


commonly called Malaysian mums or garden mums

The growing trend among visiting relatives would bring and offer these potted flowering plants at family mausoleums. Flowers can last longer and fresh for several days or even weeks. Compared to offering flower arrangements which could only last between 1 to 3 days.


caladium or popularly known as corazon de maria




an outdoor garden, outdoor family tomb and a mausoleum

This is a rather large family mausoleum with sprawling garden. There are several old mango trees, ti plant and pineapples planted within the garden area. According to my aunt, this family mausoleum plot belongs to a distant relative’s family. This is located just a few meters away from my grandparents mausoleum.


This is a more traditional family mausoleum which had been repainted


De Vera family mausoleum

We would refer those neighbors as (kapit-puntod). In life and death, It is ironic that some relatives, friends and business associates were buried near each other.


calamansi/ kalamansi




Yu family mausoleum or more popularly known as Regal mausoleum

The Yu family clan mausoleum is one of the largest building within the cemetery. Here lies the moral remains of the clan. Caretakers and people would refer this as Regal mausoleum in referral to Mother Lily Y. Monteverde, the clan’s most famous celebrity maker and entrepreneur.


Kalanchoe daigremontianum or Bryophyllum daigremontianum

Kalanchoe daigremontianum or Bryophyllum daigremontianum had almost naturalized in some family estate plots and on top of family mausoleums. Cacti and succulent enthusiasts would be happy to see these grow in almost carefree environment.

A leisurely stroll within Manila’s Chinese cemetery would yield a lot of interesting stuffs and interest.

Note: All photos are taken by the author










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