Tag Archives: horticulture

Top 10 CHEAP House Plants in the Philippines

Quezon City , Philippines

I have listed some top 10 cheap house plants in the Philippines. Every plant lovers must have seen, grown or common in their locality , Sometimes it is so common that they are sometimes thrown away .  Some are commonly propagated as hedge plants and readily available in garden centers or flower arrangement stores – They can be bought for less than Php 100 pesos .

Sanseviera bacularis

10.) Sansevieria bacularis ‘Musica’ A beautiful decorative plant for any household. With this plant standing at your window, you make every pedestrian stand still, wondering what kind of of plant this is. In the Philippines, This is commonly sold as indoor plant ideal for air purification and  can tolerate low intensity lights such as bathroom areas , office areas or living rooms. A plant company distributes these plants in malls and even during plant shows or bazaars. I got our plant from a neighbor which threw away most of their plants, They are getting messy . They are quite useful as their stiff leaves are used for cut foliage and are being utilized for ikebana arrangement. There were several experiments conducted by a lot of scientists from all over the world on the usefulness of having plants in our home. It can be classified as easy to grow, indoor, patio area, partial shade , full sun etc…

There were extensive studies conducted In the late ’80s, NASA and the Associated Landscape Contractors of America studied houseplants as a way to purify the air in space facilities. They found several plants that filter out common volatile organic compounds (VOCs).Other studies have since been published in the Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science, further proving the science.

Sanseviera trifasciata variety ” Laurentii”

9.) Sanseviera trifasciata variety ” Laurentii”

This plant had been a long time favorite way back in the 1950’s and gained its popularity again sometime in the middle of 2000 when Sanseviera collectors from other Asian countries went to the country looking for rare and mutant forms . The original plant was extensively hybridized and there are a lot of cultivar names such as variegated foliage with yellow or silvery-white stripes on the leaf margins.

Popular plant cultivars includes  ‘Compacta’, ‘Goldiana’, ‘Hahnii’, ‘Laurentii’, ‘Silbersee’, and ‘Silver Hahnii’. ‘Hahnii’ was discovered in 1939 by William W. Smith, Jr. in the Crescent Nursery Company, New Orleans, Louisiana. The 1941 patent was assigned to Sylvan Frank Hahn, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This plant is are locally  known as mother-in-law’s tongue, snake plant, Saint George sword ( called in  Brazil and other Latin American countries)  – The shape of the leaves are quite sharp and some plant enthusiasts compare this with the stiffness on one’s mother in law . This plant is one of the best for filtering out formaldehyde, which is common in cleaning products, toilet paper, tissues and personal care products. Put one in your bathroom — it’ll thrive with low light and steamy humid conditions while helping filter out air pollutants.

flowers

Because of its unique foliage and hardiness, They are extensively grown as hedge plants , landscaping and as indoor plants.   Plants are commonly sold at the weekend markets, garden centers and i have seen a lot of these types of plants that are planted in subdivisions .  They have a very beautiful flowers and it is highly fragrant. 8.) Dracena fragans ( Corn Plant) This is a fairly common house plant in the country. The leaves are used for foliage and flower arrangements, while stems with some leaves are commonly sold and peddled on streets as lucky plants! I got some stems from a neighbor pruning their tall plants. There are several species of Dracena that were naturalized in the country and  are planted in the provinces of Quezon, Batangas, Laguna, Rizal , Bulacan .

They are commonly sold as cut foliage at Dangwa Flower Market in Sampaloc , Manila. They are native throughout tropical Africa, from Sudan south to Mozambique, west to Côte d’Ivoire and southwest to Angola.

Dracena fragans ” variegated – albo marginata”

Recently , People tend to collect the variegated forms of these plants and they tend to cost a little bit more expensive compared to the ordinary green leaves . The plant was exhibited at the last Hortikultura Extravaganza 2015 held at the Quezon Memorial Circle. ( Plant winning second place)

7. ) Cordyline–  Ti Plants They are commonly planted in provinces in Laguna, Quezon, Batangas,Rizal and are sold in Dangwa as ornamental cut foliage and ornamental plants. People tend to soak the stems on water to make them root and their colorful purplish leaves are an added delight . In one town festival, I took some cuttings of these colorful plant , since the town folks are again throwing them after the festival. They are also considered as lucky plants and It is native to tropical southeastern Asia, Papua New Guinea  , Melanesia , Indian Ocean , northern Australia and parts of Polynesia.

ti-plant

The plant are eaten as food or as medicine, and its leaves were used to thatch the roofs of houses, and to wrap and store food. In the Philippines the Ifugaos used the leaves as part of the ornaments during their festivities .  There are a lot of varieties and cultivars of ti plants.

Portulacas are planted in colorful plastic pots in Malolos , Bulacan

6.) Portulaca ( Rose Moss, Moss Rose , Vietnam Rose, 10’o clock flower )

Portulaca comprising about 40-100 species found in the tropical areas and temperate  regions. They are also known as Moss Roses.
Here in the Philippines they are commonly sold in plant bazaars, garden centers and is cultivated as a hedge plant. They are easily propagated by cuttings and seeds.
 
Vietnam Rose double petal variety- orange color
New varieties of portulacas are sold between Php 10 to Php 25 ( wholesale ) in different garden centers like Cubao, QC Circle, Mindanao Garden Center ,  Fairview -Neopolitan Avenue , Centris Sunday market . There are single petal and double petals varieties .  They are sometimes called 10′ o clock flowers , since they usually open their flowers fully at around 10:00am. Their flowers are short lived and tend to close shortly at noontime.
( portulaca- single petal  by the author ) grown from a few cuttings
We were given some cuttings by a staff of Joy of Urban Garden within Quezon City Memorial Circle , when we arranged an educational/ walking tour last February 2015 . Most of the cuttings are now grown in a plastic containers .  These plants prefer sandy mixture with compost, burnt rice hulks, loam, coconut coir for potting mixture. Once a week  you can add some fertilizers like slow release or water soluble fertilizer ( 20N-20P-20K) .
They are easy to grow and regular pruning of the plant will give you additional planting materials. In some areas , They are grown in plastic soft-drink bottles and are treated as a hanging plant.
5.) Zamioculcas zamiifolia ( commonly called as ZZ plant, Zanzibar Gem, welcome plant , lucky Plant ,  fat boy, money plant, zu -zu plant ,ever green plant, timbuktu gem,  card board gem , feng shui green, Taiwan green zem  )
It is a tropical plant native to eastern Africa from Kenya to northeast South Africa . Nurseries from Netherlands started wide-scale commercial propagation of the plant around the mid 1990’s and some of the first plants were bought by some Asian collectors during that time and quickly spread. Some feng shui experts would recommend planting them on pots near the doors or openings as it can attract good chi .
Zamioculcas is grown as an ornamental plant , mainly for its attractive glossy foliage and its good luck charms.  It can be grown indoor and can tolerate low intensity light levels.
( this plant was grown using an old leaf several months ago )
Propagation : Z. zamiifolia may be propagated by leaf cuttings: typically, the lower ends of detached leaves are inserted into a moist gritty compost and the pot enclosed in a polythene bag.
When it was first introduced in the country several years ago, One small plant can reach several hundreds of pesos.
Local propagators soon knew the tricks on how to mass propagate them and the price of this plant began to stabilized . A small plant is sold at between Php 50 to Php 100 .
The only season that these plant may fetch a high price when Christmas, Chinese New Year or Valentine’s  Day as there is a high demand for these plants for  giveaways.
I have written an article about this plant several years ago – a variegated form was exhibited at the Flora Filipina 2012 .
4.) Chlorophytum comosum ( spider plant, airplane plant , hen-and-chickens )
This is another old time favorite among ornamental growers . They are always present in almost every gardens and in offices.
This is one of the top plants that NASA recommends for growing indoor . It can absorb indoor pollution and can tolerate low light intensities. It will reward its growers with white flowers . The inflorescences carry plantlets at the tips of their branches, which eventually droop and touch the soil, developing adventitious roots. The stems (scapes) of the inflorescence are called “stolons”.
There are the ordinary green leaves and the variegated ones. Some garden centers retail this plant from Php 25 to Php 75 ( depending on the area and availability )  . Mostly in hanging baskets . If you are lucky to have some neighbors which grows  this plant, a small plantlet can be propagated and within six months can reward it grower with a healthy specimen size.
 
peace lily
3. ) Spathiphyllum ( Peace Lily, White Lily )
is a genus of about 40 species in the family  Araceae . They originated from the  tropical regions of the Americas and southeast Asia . Certain species of Spathiphyllum are commonly known as Spath or peace lilies.
 white flowers
Peace lilies can tolerate low light levels and it is listed as one of the top 10 best indoor plants. They are extensively grown in Bulacan, Rizal, Quezon, Batangas and is readily available in major garden centers. Small plants can fetch less than Php 50.00 at wholesale market  . Bigger specimen with large flowers can fetch a few hundred of pesos.
 Dieffenbachia
2. Dieffenbachia ( Dumb Canes or Bachia)
It is native to the New World Tropics from  Mexico , Guatemala, Honduras, the West Indies , Colombia, Brazil , Ecuador and south to Argentina . It is widely cultivated as an ornamental, especially as a house plant, and has become naturalized on a few tropical islands. There are between 50 to 60 known species .
The common name, “Dumb Canes” or ” Bachia”  refers to the poisoning effect of raphides , which can cause temporary inability to speak; for this reason it is also known as the mother-in-law plant.
This was probably introduced into the country during the American occupation , as the plants are easily propagated via stem cuttings and are quite popular among city and town dwellers. The colorful white markings in their leaves are contrast to the green color of the leaves. This plant can tolerate neglect and can be grown with minimal care. I have seen some of these plants that are grown as hedge plants in townhouses and in tin can containers which gives it a very rustic appeal.
In the late 1990’s , the popularity of these plants began to decline because of the introduction of more colorful aglaonema hybrids and its notoriety of being poisonous . In recent years, with the introduction of new hybrids  and more compact plants . The growing public are beginning to grow them in quantities .
Leaves of the plant are used in flower arrangements and are sold in Dangwa , Sampaloc . They are grown in big numbers for their foliage.
We got several cuttings several years ago from a neighbor who regularly prunes her plant.
 
1.) Dracena sanderiana
 ( commonly known as Ribbon Dracaena, Lucky Bamboo, Belgian Evergreen , Ribbon Plant, Water Plant)
This is commonly sold in garden shops, flower arrangement stores, garden centers and  plant peddlers . During special occasions like  Chinese New Year, Valentine’s Day and Christmas season , The stems are package into decorative items with red ribbons and vases . Stems are twisted shapes to produce more interesting shapes.
Although it grows better in soil, it often is sold with the roots in water. The water should be completely changed every two weeks. The water should be bottled water, soft tap water with very little flouride or even water from a filtered, established aquarium. It does best in bright, indirect lighting .
The plant is sold on per cuttings or entire plants with several stems . It can cost anywhere from  Php 20 to more than Php 100 depending on the size of the plant. I have seen some ordinary plants being sold at few hundreds of pesos during Chinese New Year which is dictated by demand and supply chain.
I got my ordinary green leaves variety from our neighbor and a variegated type from  a raffle draw of the Philippine Orchid Society party last year.
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Horticulture Congress 2015

Bureau of Soils and Water Management, Visayas Avenue, Quezon City -Philippines

Senator Cynthia Villar together with the Philippine Horticultural Society board members

special guest of honor together with PHSI board member

Senator Cynthia A. Villar is one of the keynote speakers

Unacho gave away free-t shirts , leaflets and handouts to the first 100 registrants of the congress.

Website: http://unahco.com/

Los Baños Horticulture Society 2013 Summer Show

Seniors’  Social Hall and Garden, University of the Philippines ,Los Baños, Laguna -Philippines

Los Baños Horticultural Society in partnership with University of the Philippines -Los Baños, Department of Trade and Industry , The Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD) holds their bi-annual horticulture show and trade fair  .

schedule of the activities and lectures

This year’s theme ” There is Beauty in Our Native Plants” . The focus of the show are the native plants  which are unappreciated and sometimes neglected in many parts of the country. Some of them are highly endangered and almost extinct.

Nephrolepis acutifolia or Iligan Fern

This fern won first place in the category and the centerpiece of the exhibit

I have featured this fern in my previous article post : https://renz15.wordpress.com/2011/10/09/los-banos-horticulutre-society-show-urban-forest/

The opening ceremony was held yesterday, March 14, 2013 at around past 4:00pm and were attended by Ms. Marina Catipon , vips, members of the society and affiliated plant and gardening societies across the country.

paintings

This is the most visited and important plant show south of Manila that any plant collector  ,  environment enthusiasts, students and photographers must never miss!

main center piece landscape with fresh water aquarium fishes and paintings

The main exhibit  was landscaped with dracena, philodendron, aglaonema , medinilla and iligan ferns accentuated by  fresh aquarium gold fishes from the personal collection of Mr. Vicente Chin Jr. ( Mr. Vic Chin Jr.).

gold fish

He is a plant hobbyist, collector , propagator , landscaper and now breeder of fresh water fishes like gold fishes from different parts of Asia .

gold fish

I had to commute early in the morning the following day ( March 15 ) from  Buendia, Pasay for about 2 hours arriving at the show site just before they opened. I was greeted by some traders and officers of the Los Baños Horticulture Society .

Dendrobium thyrsiflorum- exhibited by VS Orchids and Ornamental Plants

This orchid species if commonly called  Pine Cone-Like Raceme Dendrobium – In Thailand – Ueang mawn khai – In China Qui Hua Shi Hu.

Habitat and Range : Chinese Himalayas, Hainan China, Assam India, eastern Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam

Dendrobium thyrsiflorum Rchb.f 1875 SECTION Densiflora  is found in humid, mossy mixed and coniferous forests enjoys lots of light and air movement and has slender, ridged, rounded, club-shaped, yellowish apically stems carrying 5 to 8, persistent, smooth, flexible, dark green leaves that blooms in the spring on a pendant, 12″ [30 cm] long, densely several to many [30 to 70] fragrant flowered raceme that arise from near the apex of the cane and is best mounted on driftwood, on pots, mounted on living trees .

Range: This orchid species can be found from elevation of  800 meters to 2,100 meters  with semi shade. Water sparingly throughout  the winter months ( drying them)  and reduce the fertilizer until the initiation of new growth in the spring. The orchid species can reach 2 to 3 feet . 

This landscape exhibit won ” Best Booth Construction ” , ” Best Booth Composition ” and ” Most Outstanding Booth  “  This was landscaped by the Mr. Jojo Lazaro and companions

Medinilla magnifica locally called Kapa-kapa because of its drooping petals resembles a drooping cape .  This serves as a focal point of a garden landscape

water feature includes a pond set-up and water lilies

Unluckily, I had prior commitment and had to attend some events in Metro Manila ( stamp launching , trade fair and corporate activity )  .

RC Farm exhibit bagged ” Most Educational Booth “

RC Farm of Dr. Roberto E.  Coronel with their properly labeled fruit trees seedling from different parts of the world and in the Philippines were a delight to students , visitors and plant hobbyists

Malvarosa Orchids Landscape – Third Prize ” Best Booth Composition “

Special Award

This exhibit proudly showcase several Philippine native plants like Iligan fern, Asplenium leytensis , Medinilla magnifica and various types of flowering annuals in a garden setting complete with native jars and a fountain statue

History :

The Los Baños Flower and Garden Show  is a much-awaited yearly event for plants hobbyists , gardeners and enthusiasts from the mid- 1970’s to early 1990’s .  The event is usually held in the 2nd week of October to coincide with the University of the Philippines- Los Baños ” Loyalty Day” . Then ,  There is another one held during the summer season to coincide with the graduation rites of the campus . Each time the show would feature a particular plant  or would revolve a theme .  Here,  you will find the latest , rarest breed of your favorite ornamental plants , trees, orchids  ,  flowering plants , garden accents as well as the  simplest to the most creative  garden landscapes.

Nipa Hut (Bahay Kubo) inspired landscape

This landscape complete with nipa hut inspired by the song ” Bahay Kubo” Some of the bougainvilleas hybrids are planted in old plastic containers

Los Baños Horticulture Society

The garden shows was organized by the Los Baños Orchid Society from the early 1970’s to 2009. In 2009 due to the SEC registration guidelines,  The board decided to change the name to Los Baños Horticulture Society to avoid penalties and confusion among the visiting public , since majority of the members are into horticulture and not just purely growing orchids.

Los Baños Horticulture Society:  http://www.lbhs-ph.org/

References:

Website: http://www.orchidspecies.com/denthrysiflorum.htm

Bibliographies :  Dendrobium thyrsiflorum -Botanica’s Orchids,ISBN 1-57145-721-6 copyright  2002, page 217

American Orchid Society  Bulletin Vol 72 No 6 2003 photo

Department of Trade and Industry : http://www.dti.gov.ph/

PCAARRD :  http://www.pcaarrd.dost.gov.ph/

Horticulture 2012-New Trends and Creative Techniques in Horticulture

Philippine Horticultural Society Incorporated in cooperation with Quezon Memorial Circle Administration, Quezon City government , media friends,  members of the society  invites everyone to their 36th  annual show.

The show will run from January 26, 2012 to February 6, 2012, for more details please call Mr. Macky PHSI secretariat (02) 377-0234 for more information.

Facebook fanpage: http://www.facebook.com/phsi76

Taiwan Horticulture Show 2010

The 2010 Taipei International Flora Exposition (the 2010 Taipei Int’l Flora Expo), a category A2B1 horticulture exposition, is set to open on November 6th, 2010, in Taipei. It will be the first such internationally recognized exposition to take place in our city, and the seventh of its kind to take place in Asia. And to ensure its success, we are hard at work upgrading our infrastructure and improving our services, transforming Taipei into a city of gardens. We fully expect this event to promote the growth of floriculture in our country and drive economic and urban development around Taipei, as well as enhance the image of our city in the international community.

Featuring a theme of “Rivers, Flowers, New Horizons”, the Expo will include 14 exhibition halls, each with its own unique style, spread across an area of 91.8 hectares, all dedicated to showcasing notable achievements in horticulture, science, and environmental protection technology. Our aim is to inspire visitors to embrace new ideas and implement green practices for themselves, thereby achieving the goal of protecting our precious Earth in all its unique beauty.

The Exposition’s Logo

The logo’s dancing petals represent human celebrations and shared values. After a competition that lasted two months, the organizing committee finally decided on a mascot and logo. Designers from Taiwan , Hong Kong , Macao , Europe, Japan and the U.S. all participated in this competition. There were 1669 entries in total, and the winning entry became the unique symbol of the Exposition. The Expo’s logo is based on five simply designed petals, and each petal, flowing with a pattern of moving lines, represents human activities. Each of the five colors—blue, green, red, orange and purple—represents a continent. The five petals combine in abstract images of dancing people. These bright colors also hint at the cheerful atmosphere that will characterize the Expo.

The Expo Mascot

The Expo’s mascots, flower fairies, play a moving melody about spring, summer, fall and winter. The Expo mascots are inspired by the fairies of the seasons. The band linking them symbolizes the harmony of the four seasons as well as the rhythm of nature. The mascots stand for the four seasons, because in Taiwan , each season brings the blooming of different flowers. The flower fairies form a “flower band.” Together, they serenade us with the melodies of the seasons, and their colorful outfits and friendly smiles express their happiness and passion for the 2010 Taipei International Flora Exposition. With the approach of the Expo, our mascot band will bring a cheerful message to every single corner of the world.

Introduction to the winner of mascot designing contest

Designer: Lee Kai-an
Planner and designer for DOPLAN Co., Ltd.
Awards: Gold Award, National Competition of Ideas and Design, dpi Magazine, 2002
First Prize, HiNet ADSL Cyber-Advertizing Contest, 2002
Second Place, Keelung City Fire Bureau Mascot Design Contest, 2006