American Regime Manila Thru Postcards (Part 1)

Manila is known by travelers,expats,scholars earn several accolades such as “Pearl of the Orient”, “Paris of the East”, “Milan of the East”, ” Little Vatican”, “Venice of the East ” among others.

postcard

old Spanish watch tower, Intramuros postcard

Philippine Postcards

Postcards in the country were distributed during the mid-19th during the Spanish colonial regime and were known as tarjeta postal, even until now by old time collectors. Early postcards, bear features of Spanish monarchs and it was only in the late 1890’s when photo type postcards were printed and distributed by stores within Escolta, Binondo, Intramuros and large cities.

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old Spanish wall printed by Photo Finishing Corporation, Manila

The Spanish government produced series in various printed denominations specifically for the country. Unfortunately thru time, revolutions, tropical weather, poor quality of the paper, printing quality available during that time. A lot of the postcards printed during this era barely survived. Early collectors would just put them on book shelves or any place. Most of the Spanish era postcards are hard to come by, even in specialized local bourse or club’s auction.

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Binondo canal

I have seen a handful of these trajeta postal mostly from specialized postcard collectors and bought 2 pieces Spanish -Cuban tarjeta postal printed around 1883 which bear the portrait of King Alphonso XII /Alfonso XII (pre-stamp). Some of the tarjeta postal printed in other Spanish colonies would also circulate in the country, since there are some Filipinos who lived and worked in those countries.  The country is under the Spanish crown, postcards printed in those countries may also been used in the country and coveted by some collectors.

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Insular Ice Plant postcard

Insular ice plant is one of the major building infrastructure built by the Americans in Manila.

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Manila Central Post Office in 1930

Manila Central Post Office used to be a horse stable and post office which serves the southern part of Manila during the last decade of the Spanish regime. The building depicted at the postcard was built from 1926 to 1930 under the supervision of Pedro Siochi and Company. The triumvirate of Ralph Harrington Doane, Tomas Mapua and Juan Arellano were the architects behind this magnificent building.

Malacañang Palace

Malacañang Palace

Malacañan /Malacañang Palace is another favorite subject in postcard and even  had a commemorative stamps issued during the commonwealth time. Several bookstores like Goodwill bookstore, National bookstore featured the palace during post war period.

American Regime

The Americans started printing new postcards and were quickly bought by American military personnel or service personnel that were stationed in the country.
Since travel to the country became easier with faster steam engine vessels and larger commercial steam boats which ply the islands. More and more postcards
with different interesting topics were printed.
manila cityhall
Manila Cityhall
The most popular were Manila carnival queens, ethnic groups, landmarks, public executions, people in filipiñiana costume among others.
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Calle Bagumbayan postcard
Some of the postcards were printed in the Unites States during the early part of the colonial regime, while some are printed in the country.
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Bureau of Science building
Bureau of Science is the precursor of Department of Science and Technology (DOST) during the American colonial regime. The building was  designed in 1901 by the first American resident architect Edgar Bourne.
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Bureau of Science building
The colonial government needed a laboratory to study and store the colony’s rich store of minerals, forest and agricultural products as well as manufactured goods like tobacco and rope. The California Mission-style Neoclassic building graced the PGH Complex off ,Taft Avenue until the war when it was destroyed.
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University of Santo Tomas– This pre-war postcard was probably printed around 1930. This is the newly built building at the Sampaloc campus.
Postal Card
Most businesses and the general public during the commonwealth regime would prefer using postal card. It is a type of postal stationary with pre-paid stamp affixed on the card.  These were classified under postal stationary of Philippine Islands under US Administration. Printed by the US Bureau of Printing and Engraving for use in the Philippine islands.
One can write short messages on the postal card and can be send very quick.
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postal card issued during the commonwealth era with 2 centavos face value
Postal cards had a very interesting story. A lot of the postal card were hidden during the Japanese occupation and were brought out when the American or Allied forces began liberating major cities , hence there are popular cancellation and slogan  marks.
Sometimes these bear overprint cancellation marks of “V Day” ( Victory Day) postal card of 1945, marking the return to power of the commonwealth from the Japanese which occupied the country.
These became popular souvenir items by Allied forces and American troops which were stationed in the country between 1944 to 1946. Approximately 250,000 American service and Allied forces were stationed in the country during this time period.
These type of postal card is commonly used by business, personal and quite popular even until the late 1960’s.

Sources and References:

Collins English Dictionary : Postal Card

Littrell, Robert, Ed; Postal Cards of Spanish Colonial Cuba, Philippines, Puerto Rico, UPSS, 2010.

Personal interview from postcard collectors

Philippine Postcards page 130 to 137 Consuming Passions

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8 Fun Facts of Museo Desteleria Limtuaco in Intramuros

8 Fun Facts of Museo Desteleria Limtuaco

1.) Oldest Liquor Distillery in the countryDestileria Limtuaco takes pride of having established in 1852 or 167 years ago.

Lim Tua Co set up a distillery at 135 Gov. Gandara street ( now called Sabino Padilla street) Binondo district, Chinatown, Manila.

Sioktong -one of the well-known liquor

2.) Destileria Limtuaco is known different kind of liquor among the famous ones are White Castle whisky, Napoleon VSOP brandy, Sioktong ( originally spelled : SIOHOCTONG) herbal wine now under two different brands-Vino de Chino and Vino Kung Fu. Other brands includes Palawan Rum, Manille Liqueur de Calamansi, Imeldific and Intramuros. Over 30 known brands of liquor are tucked under this company.

photo courtesy of : Mr. Allan Pardilla Martinez

3. ) Bahay na Bato – The family purchase an ancestral house in 1979 with the intent of opening it to the general public. It was realize when the museum open its doors to the general public on February 9, 2018.

family memorabilia, office equipment, awards and magazine feature

The museum houses family memorabilia, wine bottles, office equipment, oak barrels and distillery equipment.

Disteleria Limtuaco Museum facade ( Photo courtesy : Mr. Allan Pardilla Martinez)

The architecture is a combination of hybrid styles of Bahay na Bato, Californian mission style and post- war architecture with adobe stones walls, Chinese granite pavement, tiled roofs, high ceiling, iron grills and large windows which allows maximum amount of light inside the premises. It also have a small patio with several potted plants.

Philippine blended liquor

4.) Internationally Awarded – The company garnered several international awards and accolades. The company was accredited by TUV as an ISO certified production plant.

5.) 5 Generations of Masters Blenders – The company takes pride of having 5 generation of master blenders. The company is under the leadership of Mrs. Olivia Limpe-Aw.

red bikinis, swiss knife, caps and mugs are among the collectible item on display

6.) White Castle and Company logo – the logo of the famous brand was a product of a dream and the company logo was also designed by Mr. Julius Limpe. While sleeping, he dreamt of a woman in a red bikini, riding a white horse with a white castle in the background, and the rest was history.

Ms. Evangeline Pascual- Miss World 1973 first runner-up

7. ) White Castle Beauties –  Ms. Evangeline Pascual ( Miss World 1973 first runner-up) Ms. Cristina Gonzales, Ms. Glydel Mercado, Ms. Carmi Martin, Ms. Lorna Tolentino, Ms. Angela Velez, Ms.Roxanne Guinoo, Ms. RR Enriquez and Ms. Meg Imperial among others. They were featured in the company’s annual calendar and  television commercials.

8.) Products– One can buy different kinds of products and merchandise when one visits the museum. A lot of their ingredients are locally sourced and proudly Philippine made. These are also exported in several countries.

author together with photo bloggers and participants

Note: A visit to Intramuros is incomplete without a visit to this museum.

group photo at the company logo ( Photo credit: Mr. Allan Pardilla Martinez)

Note: “Special Thanks” to Ms. Mary Ann G. Roque, Ms. Gene Policarpio and Ms. MJ for the accommodation extended to the group )

Entrance Fees: Students and Senior Citizens with valid Id’s – Php 50.00 ( must be at least 18 years-old to avail of liquor tasting)

Php 100.00 general public

Php 100.00 for liquor tasting ( 5 to 6 shots)

Museo Destelleria Limtuaco

Operational Hours: 9:00 am to 6:00 pm Tuesdays to Sundays

Address :482 San Juan de Letran Street, Intramuros, Manila, Metro Manila, Manila, Philippines

Office and Plant Address: Destileria Limtuaco Bldg., 1830 E. Delos Santos Avenue, Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines 1106

Visita Iglesia of 14 Churches and Chapels in Manila

Walkwithchan in special arrangement with Royal Postal Heritage tour, heritage groups conducted a FREE guided tour on Maundy Thursday (April 18) and dubbed the walking tour as Visita Iglesia of 14 Churches and Chapels in Manila.

Palacio del Gobernador and Plaza Roma with art works

We decided to open a FREE Visita Iglesia 2019 walking tour, since our group will visit Intramuros and sharing the beautiful spots in Manila with the ordinary public.

hoardes of people walking along Rizal avenue, Santa Cruz

Visita Iglesia 2019

tarpaulin map of intramuros

huge tarpaulin poster from intramuros administration – this serves as a guide for parking area, churches, chapels and interesting places within the walled city.

station of the cross along General Luna street

The FB event attracted 66 participants but only 30 people manage to find the group at the meeting place which is at Plaza Roma- King Charles IV statue and fountain. cellphone signal is weak.

Manila Cathedral Basilica during the Chrism mass

There were a lot of people at the Chrism mass. This is one of the important liturgies during the holy week. It took me almost 15 minutes to get out of the cathedral basilica. There is only one exit. I have to be at the main plaza by 6:30 am. I saw Philip Reyes then followed by Jose Juan Paraiso ( who did not get a sleep) members of Advocates for Heritage Preservation group and other participants.

The plaza seems abuzz with all sort of tarpaulins, balloons and the mood was very festive.  The Chrism mass is being shown via large screen to the people at the plaza.

Minor Basilica and Metropolitan Cathedral of Immaculate Conception facade

The Minor Basilica and Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Beaterio St., Intramuros.

Manila Cathedral Basilica back portion

Saint Agustine Church and convent

Saint Augustine interiors

Saint Agustine Church, General Luna St., Intramuros

Father Willmann Chapel, Santa Potencia St., Intramuros.

Dendrobium anosmum aka sanggumay

The group took time in admiring the neatly manicured garden and large trees within the compound. As an orchid grower, I also took time to examine the Dendrobium anosmum (sanggumay) orchid flowering. This is of of the all time favorite native orchids.

Father Willmann chapel altar

statue

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (PLM ) facade

Shrine of Jesus the Divine Teacher, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, Muralla St., Intramuros.

Shrine of Jesus the Divine Teacher altar

The Catholic Chapel of the Mapua Institute of Technology, Muralla Street, Intramuros.

Mapua Institute of Technology -chapel altar

The security guards at the Mapua Institue of Technology were also helpful to the participants, Some of them needed to have a bathroom break.

Lyceum of the Philippines University entrance

chapel of the sacred heart of jesus

 chapel interior

The group were greeted by the security guards of the university while some participants took time filling up their water bottles at the fountain station.

Colegio de San Juan de Letran facade

 chapel

Colegio de San Juan de Letran is one of the oldest secondary school for boys and was established in 1620. The college is already busy preparing their 400th anniversary in 2020.

chapel interior

Colegio de San Juan de Letran’s central courtyard had a neatly manicured lawn with large trees, bromeliads, Dendrobium hybrid orchids, native orchids, frangipanis and ornamental plants.

There is also a fountain and several statues of their alumni and patron saint. There is also a mini koi pond and water plants planted at the fountain area.

The group had a busy time admiring this painting at the back portion of the chapel

Roman Ongpin statue- Ongpin corner Quintin Paredes street

This time, we have to walked from Intramuros cross the Jones bridge towards Binondo district.

main altar

Minor Basilica of San Lorenzo Ruiz, Plaza Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila, Binondo

some of the participants enjoyed hot rice porridge (lugaw) and filtered water courtesy of the barangay chairman of place.

filtered water

rice porridge

The group enjoyed the hearty mid-day meal and some took time buying some treats at nearby Eng Bee Tin bakery. There was also a water station in front of the bakery.

 beautiful flower arrangement at the side altar

main altar

Archdiocesan Shrine of the Blessed Sacrament, Plaza Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, Manila

Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene, Quezon Boulevard, Quiapo, Manila

Some of the participants had to beg-off after this leg of the tour. It is getting hot as it is almost midday. Our group had to go under the bridge since the underpass is close and the footbridge is few meters away. Signal is also weak.

Bakerite

tasty bread

Bakerite is one of the iconic homegrown bakeries in Quiapo district. They are the ones who popularized the brand “Tasty”. The bread is good and the group took a short snack time inside this bakery.

Shrine of the Holy Face of Jesus, 1111 F. R. Hidalgo Street, Quiapo, Manila

Shrine of the Holy Face of Jesus chapel

The chapel is located at the 2nd floor of the shrine. This is also the final resting place of the founder and of the congregation members.

participants

 tomb

Minor Basilica of San Sebastian, Plaza del Carmen St., Quiapo

main altar

D.Genaro Palacios y Guerra ( main architect ) marker at the floor of the minor basilica

San Beda College- Abbey of Our Lady of Montserrat, Mendiola Street,  San Miguel

historical marker

National Shrine of St. Jude Thaddeus, Jose Laurel Sr. Street, San Miguel, Manila

passage way which connects the parish to the center

Saint Jude Catholic School and Parish welcome arch

Saint Jude Thaddeus national shrine main altar ( photo taken from the 2nd floor choir area)

old organ built in Germany in the 1950’s at 2nd floor of the shrine

some participants lighted candles and have their moment of prayer at the shrine

a mid -1930’s ancestral house along J.P. Laurel street

 Malacañang place gate 4 along Jose P. Laurel Sr.street

We took a longer route going to the next national shrine, since the presidential security group (PSG) only allowed one portion of Jose P. Laurel street ( security issues).We walked from Arlegui street towards Aguado street passing several old mansions like the ones owned by Laperal family ( Arlegui mansions) and several turn of the century houses along Aguado street. It is sad to see that the former Cocina de Tita Moning ancestral house is closed.

Office of the President ( Presidential Complain Center) along Jose P. Laurel street

The group decided to have a short stop over at Casa Roces– Fine dining restaurant owned by the Roces family ( a separate blog entry) Some of the participants wanted to eat and we have a short photo opportunity. We spend about an hour or so at the restaurant before visiting the next church. It is almost 2:00 pm,when we finished our hearty meal.

San Miguel church main facade

interior

baptismal front

elaborate tombstone by one of the benefactors of the church

group photo at the entrance of the church

National Shrine of St. Michael and the Archangels, Gen. Solano Street, San Miguel

interior and altar

St. Anthony of Padua Shrine, Manrique Street corner J. Figueras street, Sampaloc

facade

Our Lady of Loreto metal sculpture at the side of the church (by Eduardo Castrillo)

Our Lady of Loreto church and Saint Anthony Shrine were dubbed as twin churches of Sampaloc. These two churches were badly destroyed during the closing days of February 1945.

historical marker

interior and main altar

Archdiocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Loreto Parish, Sampaloc, Manila

This is like a homecoming event for me, We lived few blocks away from these two churches for almost 15 years.  Most of the participants had to finished their Visita Iglesia trip at this point. Only 10 were left and we decided to hitch ride together going to Immaculate Conception church.

Immaculate Conception church interior

side altar bedeck with flowers and candles

Immaculate Conception Parish, Katamanan Street, Tondo, Manila

Espiritu Santo church side entrance

Espiritu Santo interior

decree

It was declared an Archdiocesan Shrine by Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Tagle on June 8, 2014, the Solemnity of the Pentecost.

The church an interesting neo-gothic architecture with a lot of modern elements and this had a parochial school located within its compound. This used to be a public cemetery until early 1900.  The church was fully completed and solemnly blessed on May 14, 1932.

Archdiocesan Shrine of Espiritu Santo, Rizal Avenue, Santa Cruz, Manila

San Roque de Manila interior

San Roque of Manila church along Avenida Rizal, Santa Cruz, Manila.

We hope to have a repeat tour of these churches next year.  The group would like to extend our heartfelt ” THANKS” to the intramuros administration, schools, government buildings, universities and shrines which opened their doors to all the pilgrims, local and foreign tourists.

10 Ways to Enjoy Old Manila Eco Market

Good News ! to all visitors and patrons of Old Manila’s Eco Market. Due to the public clamor and success of the bazaar last year.  2019 promises different ways to enjoy going there.

plaza-de-espana

Plaza de España

The first eco market and bazaar which advocate for sustainable healthy lifestyle, zero waste, organic foods and community responsibility. The organizers was given a green light by the Intramuros administration to continue the bazaar and spread its advocacies thru its sunday market within Plaza Roma.

Here are 10 ways to Enjoy Old Manila’s Eco Market

manila-cathedral

Manila Cathedral

1.) Enjoy Intramuros and Surrounding area – the bazaar is located at the heart of the the old city. One can enjoy historical tourist spots like Manila Cathedral, Ayuntamiento, Fort Santiago, Bahay Tsinoy Museum.  One can also explore nearby areas like Post Office, Chinatown and National Museum which is just within 1 kilometer radius.

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2.) Street Performers – one can listen and be captivate with the array of artistic expressions and passion of the performers.

old-manila-fruit-stall

3.) Fresh Fruits– One can enjoy Philippine fruits like lansones, mangosteen, pomelo , banana, durian, magoes and guyabano.

ube-putoseko

4.) Products – There are different kinds of products that are found in the country. One can be amaze with the quality and quantity of products found at the market.

street-kids

5.) Cheerful People– Stall holders and even street kids are happy and cheerful. Interacting with them will make your visit a worthwhile experience.

pukingan-tea

pukingan tea and ysabela wine

6.) Unique Products– One fun way to enjoy the trade bazaar is buying some unique products. Pukingan tea is made from the flowers of Clitoria ternatea. The flowers had some amazing health benefits.

liquid-soap

liquid soap

organic-soap

handmade soaps for sale

balay-organiko

Balay Organiko hand made soaps and toothbrushes

7.) Organic and Handmade– Soaps, wrist bands and other products are handmade with limited number available.

group-photo-postal-heritage-tour

Manila Central Post Office and Liwasang Bonifacio

8.) Walking Tours – Walking tours and bicycle tours are popular trend not only for foreigners but for people with a tight budget.

manila-central-post-office

Manila Central Post Office building

The author conducts a monthly postal heritage tour which also goes around the walled city and this eco market.

copperazo-fashion-jewelries

9.) Spreading the Advocacy -Helping spread the group’s advocacy thru purchasing products sold at the market will also help indigent communities and people making the products. One can also buy eco friendly bags made from cloth or cheese sacks.

mobile-library

10.) Learning History and Culture – One can truly appreciate the beauty of the place by walking around, reading the historical markers and taking a rest at the mobile library.

old-manila

(@oldmanilaecomarket) Instagram: Old Manila Eco Market every Sunday, 7:00AM- 7:00PM Plaza Roma, Intramuros, Manila

Highlights of the 39th Marian Procession in Intramuros

There are  more than 140 beautifully and elaborately-adorned carriages bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin Mary with her different titles from different parts of the country were part of the 39th Grand Marian Procession.

our-lady-of-fatima

Our Lady of Fatima

There were between 70,000 to 80,000 people which visited the grand procession. Most are devotees from different parts of the archipelago.

39th-marian-procession

Sacta Maria Stella Matutina of Familia Zapanta and Quiocho, Taytay , Rizal province

This also coincide with celebration of the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception last sunday December 2, 2018.

foreign-tourists

foreign tourists at Plaza de España

There are also several foreign tourists and devotees who also took time to visit the processional carriages before the actual procession had started.

nuestra-seu00f1ora-de-los-dolores-de-turumba

Nuestra Señora delos Dolores de Turumba of Pakil, Laguna devotees

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participants with colorful traje de mestiza

virgin-of-the-poor

Virgin of the Poor

The grand marian procession also coincide with the Catholic church observance of the first sunday of advent.

our-lady-of-the-barangay

Our Lady of the Barangay

ina-poon-bato

Ina Poon Bato carriage with vegetable, fruits, tillandsia and cut flowers

tillandsia-usenoides

Tillandsia usenoides

vegetables

pineapples, string beans, banana blossom and baskets are part of the elaborate floral and agricultural produce arrangement

our-lady-of-hope

Our Lady of Hope

nuestra-seu00f1ora-de-las-floresNuestra Señora Delas Flores– the image was owned by Mrs. Imelda Ongsiako Cojuangco

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lyre band

mary-help-of-christians

Mary of Help Christians with devotees from Boac, Marinduque dress in Roman Moriones

The grand procession was very festive and was organized by the Confradia de la Inmaculada Conception Foundation in cooperation with the Intramuros Administration, the Armed Forces of the Philippines and different Marian congregations.

39th-marian-procession2

cadets were also drafted and served as escort to the processional image of Our Lady of Fatima

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participants with colorful floral costumes

The three-kilometer procession route are beehives of all sorts of activities. There are people singing, colorful local costumes and devotees distributing devotional pamphlets.

our-lady-of-pacita

Our Lady of Holy Rosary of Pacita, Laguna

Most of the processional carriages and the images were arranged as early as lunchtime within Paseo de Magallanes near Bureau of Immigration, Intendencia de Manila and Soriano avenue within Intramuros.

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The solemn parade started at around past 4:00 pm in the afternoon from Plaza Roma in front of the Manila Cathedral and will slowly wind its way through the streets of the Walled City.

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beautifully embroidered vestment

The well venerated images include among others the Our Lady of the Visitation of Piat from Cagayan Valley; Our Lady of Guibang in Gamu, Isabela; Our Lady of the Holy Spirit in Guimaras, Iloilo; Nuestra Señora de Salvacion; Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion; Our Lady of Lourdes; Our Lady of Fatima; Our Lady of Buen Suceso; Our Lady of Pillar; Our Lady of the Abandoned; Our Lady of Victories; Our Lady of La Salette from Silang, Cavite; Our Lady of Namacpacan from Luna, La Union; Our Lady of Manaoag from Pangasinan.

la-virgen-dolorosa-de-murcia

La Virgen Dolorosa de Murcia

our-lady-of-manaoag

Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario del Manaoag with camarero and devotees

divina-pastora-of-gapan

Virgen La Divina Pastora from Gapan, Nueva Ecija province

Our Lady of Divine Shepherdess or La Virgen La Divina Pastora from Gapan, Nueva Ecija; Nuestra Senora de Aranzazu; Our Lady of Soledad of Porta Vaga, patroness of Cavite; Our Lady of Peñafrancia, patroness of Bicol; Nuestra Señora de Dolores de Turumba from Pakil, Laguna; 0ur Lady of La Naval; Our Lady of Guadalupe; Our Lady of the Rosary from Rosario, Cavite; Virgen Milagrosa del Santissimo Rosario from Orani, Bataan.

39th-marian-procession-program

39th Marian Procession poster at Casa Manila

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devotees and pilgrims from Catanduanes, Bicol region

Several other highly revered Marian images accompanied by a contingent of Marian devotees from each town or province.

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devotees in light blue barot’s saya

Last year, a replica of the image of Mary, Help of Christians was included in the procession symbolic of the original image which was destroyed during the Battle of Marawi.

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Plaza Roma

Some of the participants and provincial delegates were already at the main plaza before 12:00 noon.

our-lady-of-the-most-holy-rosary

Nuestra Señora del Santissimo Rosario

Among popular souvenirs are devotional pamphlets, estampitas, salt, handkerchiefs, cloth among others are popular souvenirs of the event.

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sacristans holding candles and rosaries

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consorts with candles from Cavite

There are big plans for next year’s 40th Annual Marian Procession with more images and bigger crowd expected to participate.