Regina Caeli: Pontifically Crowned Marian Statues in the Philippines at San Agustin Convent

San Agustin museum and convent became the site of the Marian exhibit entitled “Regina Caeli”.


part of the exhibit also included some Santo Niño de Cebú

The marian exhibit aims to show that the Philippines is “Pueblo Amante de Maria” or a people in love with Mary.


San Agustin church museum and convent

There were 35 pontifically crowned Marian images are on display at the San Agustin Museum in Intramuros, Manila.


Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario- La Naval de Manila- the first canonically crown marian statue in the country in 1907.


list of exhibitors and santo devotees

The exhibit opened last October 10. It is a joint undertaking of the museum and the different Marian shrines, parishes and santo devotees in the country with special partnership with Intramuros administration.


Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia


Nuestra Señora del Rosario


Nuestra Señora de la Vicitacion de Piat

Camarero : Mr. Jeorge Allan R. Tengco

We visited the shrine of Nuestra Señora de la Vicitacion de Piat few months ago in Cagayan province.


Nuestra Señora de la Regla de Opon

Camarero: Mr. Noel B. Abquilan

We were fortunate to visit the exhibit and met some of the Marian devotees and camarero who gave us some devotional pamphlets and leaflets. Saw some familar faces at the site.


Nuestra Señora de la Inmaculata Concepcion de Caysasay

Camarero: Mr. Jake Sylvestre

Regina Caeli Exhibition


Nuestra Señora de la Caridad


Virgen de los Remedios de Pampanga

Exhibitor: Cofradia ning Indung Virgen delos Remedios

Camarero: Mr. Jeffrey Popatco


Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Santa Cruz de Manila

Camarero: John Felix Santos


La Virgen Divina Pastora de Gapan

Monsignor Gabriele Viola, secretary of papal nuncio Archbishop Gabriele Caccia, led the opening and blessing of the exhibit with several dignitaries, Marian devotees, and art enthusiasts.


Government officials from the country’s cultural agencies were also present, including Intramuros Administration Director Atty. Guiller Asido.


Nuestra Señora del Santissimo Rosario de Orani 

Camarero: Mr. Roland De Guzman


Nuestra Señora del Pilar

Origin : Spain made of silver 1870

from San Agustin Museum collection

This statue was given by the 87th Spanish Governor General Domingo Moriones y Murillo ( February 1877 – March 1880) to the Augustinian friars of Convento de San Pablo in Intramuros, Manila


Our Lady of Lourdes

Camarero: Mr. Roger Lou Salva

Canonically Crown Marian Images and Statues


Nuestra Señora de la Caridad de Agoo

Camarero: Mr. Carlo Verdadero

There are at least 42 Marian images that have been granted a pontifical coronation and enshrined in shrines and churches across the country: 37 in Luzon, four in the Visayas and one in Mindanao.


La Inmaculada Concepcion de Malabon

Camarero: Mr. Jun Ortega

Three more will be crowned in 2020: La Purisima Concepcion de Santa Maria in Bulacan on Feb. 1, Nuestra Señora de los Dolores in Quezon on March 25 and Nuestra Señora de Lourdes of Quezon City whose date has yet to be announced.

The ongoing exhibit runs until October 31, 2019.

Open House in Intramuros on October 27, 2019

Intramuros Administration in partnership with National Commision for Culture and Arts (NCCA) , Department of Tourism (DOT), Museo ni Jose Rizal ( Fort Santiago), Tourism Infrastructure and Enterprise Authority (TIEZA) San Agustin Church and Museum, Knights of Columbus Fraternal Association of the Philippines, Inc., Kaisa Heritage Center, Barbara’s, The Manila Cathedral, Destileria Limtuaco Museum , Instituto Cervantes de Manila and Colegio de San Juan de Letran will be having the open house on October 27, 2019 SUNDAY from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm


Celebration of Museums and Galleries Month


Most of the main streets within Intramuros will be closed and please be advise that parking slots is limited.


Among the other places to be visited is Old Manila Eco Market  in front of Manila Cathedral , Likhaan Festival and Bambike Tour.

Tranvia Service will also be FREE.

Sustainability Summit Marks Old Manila Eco Market’s Anniversary

Sustainability Summit was successfully held at the second floor Thomas Hall, Saint Thomas of Aquinas building within Colegio de San Juan de Letran marked the Old Manila’s Eco Market first year anniversary.


Ms. Sarah Del Mundo sells foot wear and other products
Contact : 0905-4886628 / 0949-726-8511


Saint Thomas Hall

There were hundreds of participants from stakeholders,all walks of life, professions, environment advocates, students, bloggers,media among others.


Ms. Ferrai Garcia of


table bourse sellers

Sustainability Summit started around past noontime with several table bourse sellers selling different kinds of products. Some of which are handmade and sourced from sustainable materials and organic materials.


Colegio de San Juan de Letran entrance



Sustainability Summit


Survival kit and bracelets


Datu Marikudo- specializes on ethnic wallets and hand painted wallet and pouch


Eco Kaliban


Contact Person : Ms. Crisha Chumacera


Ms. Queenie Rodriguez of Vanity and Queen
Contact: 0908-7744288

Ms. Queenie Rodriguez specializes on hand made soap, lotion and charcoal soap




Ms. Shine de Castro , Mr. Illac Diaz and Ms. Shiela Leyva

The Sustainability Summit organizers aims for a bigger venue place and more speakers in the future. The summit is in joint partnership with Intramuros administration, Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Department of Tourism and Old Manila Eco Market.

Old Manila Eco Market had a bazaar every sunday at the Plaza Roma in front of Manila Cathderal Basilica.

Sustainability Summit Manila in Intramuros

Old Manila Eco Market in partnership with Intramuros Administration, Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Department of Tourism will be having Sustainability Summit Manila will be held on Saturday, October 5th 2019 from 1pm to 6pm at St. Thomas Hall, Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Intramuros, Manila. This event is FREE and open to the public but registration is required.


Sustainability Summit Speakers

Old Manila Eco Market among the speakers includes Mary Antonette Sepulvida Flores, Likhaya by Virlanie.

Manager of the Social Entrepreneurship Dept. of Virlanie Foundation, currently taking Masters in Community Development in UP Diliman. Under Virlanie, she founded Likhaya to empower the mothers in street situation and poor communities through entrepreneurship and employment while also forwarding environmental sustainability through upcycling.

She is also the founder and managing director of a sustainable travel and tours called Alpas Mundo. She believes that sustainability must be everyone’s lifestyle rich and poor, may it be in fashion, travel, food, or any aspect of people’s life.

American Regime Manila Thru Postcards (Part 1)

Manila earn several accolades such as “Pearl of the Orient”, “Paris of the East”, “Milan of the East”, ” Little Vatican”, “Venice of the East ” among others. These were the term used by travelers, expats and colonial masters during the last decade of the Spanish and until American colonial regime.


old Spanish watch tower, Intramuros postcard

Philippine Postcards

Postcards in the country were distributed during the mid-19th during the Spanish colonial regime and were known as tarjeta postal by old time collectors. Early postcards, bear features of Spanish monarchs and it was only in the late 1890’s when photo type postcards were printed and distributed by stores within Escolta, Binondo, Intramuros and large cities.


old Spanish wall printed by Photo Finishing Corporation, Manila

The Spanish government produced series in various printed denominations specifically for the country. Unfortunately thru time, revolutions, tropical weather, poor quality of the paper, printing quality available during that time. A lot of the postcards printed during this era barely survived. Early collectors would just put them on book shelves or any place. Most of the Spanish era postcards are hard to come by, even in specialized local bourse or club’s auction.


Binondo canal

I have seen a handful of these trajeta postal mostly from specialized postcard collectors and bought 2 pieces Spanish -Cuban tarjeta postal printed around 1883 which bore the portrait of King Alphonso XII /Alfonso XII (pre-stamp). Some of the tarjeta postal printed in other Spanish colonies would also circulate in the country, since there are some Filipinos who lived and worked in those countries.  The country is under the Spanish crown, postcards printed in those countries may also been used in the country and coveted by some collectors.


Insular Ice Plant postcard

Insular ice plant is one of the major building infrastructure built by the Americans in Manila.


Manila Central Post Office in 1930

Manila Central Post Office used to be a horse stable and post office which serves the southern part of Manila during the last decade of the Spanish regime. The building depicted at the postcard was built from 1926 to 1930 under the supervision of Pedro Siochi and Company. The triumvirate of Mr.Ralph Harrington Doane, Mr.Tomas Mapua and Mr. Juan Arellano were the architects behind this magnificent building.

Malacañang Palace

Malacañang Palace

Malacañan /Malacañang Palace is another favorite subject in postcard and even had a commemorative stamps issued during the commonwealth time. Several bookstores like Goodwill bookstore, National bookstore featured the palace during post war period.

American Regime

The Americans started printing new postcards and were quickly bought by American military personnel or service personnel that were stationed in the country.
Since travel to the country became easier with faster steam engine vessels and larger commercial steam boats which ply the islands. More and more postcards
with different interesting topics were printed.
manila cityhall
Manila Cityhall
The most popular were Manila carnival queens, ethnic groups, landmarks, public executions, people in filipiñiana costume among others.
Calle Bagumbayan postcard
Some of the postcards were printed in the Unites States during the early part of the colonial regime, while some are printed in the country.
Bureau of Science building
Bureau of Science is the precursor of Department of Science and Technology (DOST) during the American colonial regime. The building was  designed in 1901 by the first American resident architect Edgar Bourne.
Bureau of Science building printed by Photo Supply Company
The colonial government needed a laboratory to study and store the colony’s rich store of minerals, forest and agricultural products as well as manufactured goods like tobacco and rope. The California Mission-style Neoclassic building graced the PGH Complex off ,Taft Avenue until the war when it was destroyed.
University of Santo Tomas– This pre-war postcard was probably printed around 1930. This is the newly built building at the Sampaloc campus.
Postal Card
Most businesses and the general public during the commonwealth regime would prefer using postal card. It is a type of postal stationary with pre-paid stamp affixed on the card.  These were classified under postal stationary of Philippine Islands under US Administration. Printed by the US Bureau of Printing and Engraving for use in the Philippine islands.
One can write short messages on the postal card and can be send very quick.
postal card issued during the commonwealth era with 2 centavos face value
Postal cards had a very interesting story. A lot of the postal card were hidden during the Japanese occupation and were brought out when the American or Allied forces began liberating major cities , hence there are popular cancellation and slogan  marks.
Sometimes these bear overprint cancellation marks of “V Day” ( Victory Day) postal card of 1945, marking the return to power of the commonwealth from the Japanese which occupied the country.
These became popular souvenir items by Allied forces and American troops which were stationed in the country between 1944 to 1946. Approximately 250,000 American service and Allied forces were stationed in the country during this time period.
These type of postal card is commonly used by business, personal and quite popular even until the late 1960’s.

Sources and References:

Collins English Dictionary : Postal Card

Littrell, Robert, Ed; Postal Cards of Spanish Colonial Cuba, Philippines, Puerto Rico, UPSS, 2010.

Personal interview from postcard collectors

Philippine Postcards page 130 to 137 Consuming Passions

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