25 Common Water and Aquatic Plants Grown in the Philippines

Philippines is an archipelago with hundreds of creeks, stream, lakes, river and water system. Water plants are plenty and the country is rich in biodiversity. However some of the commonly grown water plants are introduced to the country.

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Freshwater Aquarium set-up by: Mr. Achilles Antiquina Lussier

They are classified into Emergent, Submerged, Floating-leaved, Free-floating. Our team made a short list of 25 common water plants grown or found in semi-naturalized state.

We eliminated Ipomea aquatica or Kangkong / Kangkung, since it is used as food. Better  post in another topic.

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water plants grown in cement pond

25 Common Water Plants

25.) Ludwigia sedoides – commonly called Mosaic plant, False Loosestrife. This water plant originates from Brazil, Venezuela. This had become naturalized in many tropical, sub-tropical and even temperate countries.This blooms during June to August which coincide with the rainy season, But this may also bloom during the dry season. Some sell this from Php 50.00 small plant to as much as Php 200 in some online sites.

24.) Myriophyllum aquaticum commonly called parrot’s-feather and parrot feather watermilfoil. Parrot feather gets its name from its feather-like leaves that are arranged around the stem in whorls of four to six. This water plant originally is native of South America and quickly spread via the tropical aquarium trade in North America and elsewhere.

In some countries, Like the United Kingdom, Australia, Japan, Southern United States.  parrot’s-feather can quickly clogged waterways and ponds. The growth can block sunlight and cause native plants to die because of light deficiency. The organisms that feed on the native plants can die off due to starvation.

This is also commonly sold in Cartimar and in many aquarium pet stores all over the country.

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photo courtesy of pixabay : johnnykarlsson1-5486868

23.) Limnobium laevigatum is a floating plant commonly called West Indian spongeplant, South American spongeplant and Amazon or smooth frogbit. This floating plant is native to Central and South America and quickly spread all over the tropical and sub-tropical areas due to aquarium plant trade.

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Cypreus alterniflolius

photo courtesy of : pixabay: jaclou-dl-5602247

22.) Cyperus alternifolius, common names are umbrella papyrus, umbrella sedge or umbrella palm,Indian matting plant. This was native to Madagascar in Africa but quickly spread in many parts of the world.

This is commonly seen in rice paddies, pond, creeks,irrigation canals throughout the country. The umbrella palm is sought after for its impressive height that can grow to six feet. It creates a soft backdrop for shorter aquatic plants, but it can grow notoriously fast and spread if not put in a container.

21.) Eleocharis acicularis is a species of spikeedge known by the common names needle spikerush and least spikerush. This is common in most aquarium stores in Cartimar and pet stores.

20.) Echinodorus grandiflorus Commonly called spade-leaf sword, creeping burhead, Amazon spade leaf. There were at least 40 known species of this genus and quite common in aquarium trade all over the world.

It is native to Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina,Venezuela and Florida in the United States of America.

This plant species is quite common is rice paddies, water irrigation ditches, ponds, lagoon and garden center. Immersed plants readily produce flowers and seeds but it can be grown submersed as well.

Small plants are being sold between Php 25.00 to Php 400 depending on the size. Variegated plants are also sold for a little bit higher compared to the ordinary green leaf types.

19.) Lemma minor commonly called duckweed, or lesser duckweed. Lemna minor is the common duckweed works well as a water purifier. It can help control the algae.

Some of the economic importance of Lemma minor is used as animal fodder, bioremediator, for wastewater nutrient recovery, and other applications.  This is common in rice paddy fields, ponds, aquarium trade and lakes. It is also given as a feed to ducks, chicken and goose.

It is found in many areas of the world and have naturalized in Australia and South America. In aquarium trade, it is sold between Php 5.00 for a small cup to as much as Php 50.00

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photo courtesy of pixabay: laila_-6779063

18.) Ceratophyllum submersum and Ceratophyllum demersum commonly known as the soft hornwort ,tropical hornwort, coontail or coon’s tail . This seems to have naturalized in almost all water system in the country.

Its fluffy, filamentous, bright-green leaves provide excellent cover for newly hatched fish. It is propagated by cuttings.

Sometimes they are so common that backyard hobbyist would give them away as freebies. They are sold between Php 10.00 to Php 50.00 depending on size in online sites.

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photo courtesy of pixabay : loilamtan-4659988/

17.) Hydrocotyle vulgaris commonly called pennywort, whorled marsh pennywort, shield pennywort, pennyworth, money plant, lucky plant, copper coin, mangkok, Yahong-yahong is a flowering plant found in Europe, North Africa, North and Western Asia. This may have been introduced during the late Spanish colonial rule or early American regime in the country.

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Hydrocotyle vulgaris blooming in a garden plot within Institute of Biology, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City.

Sometimes people would mistake this as gotu kola (Centella asiatica), since the leaves are almost the same.  They are sold between Php 20.00 to Php 50.00 in online sites depending on how big the plant.

16.) Azolla pinnata is a species of aquatic fern known by several common names, including mosquito fern, feathered mosquito fern and water velvet. This is common in rice fields and waterways.

15.) Cabomba carolina – This is originally found as an aquatic perennial herbaceous plant native to North and South America. However human migration and introduction spread this water plant in many parts of the world. To some extent, invasive species in Australia, Europe and many parts of tropical, sub-tropical area, temperate areas.

14.) Bacopa monnieri is creeping herb native to the wetlands of southern and Eastern India, Australia, Europe, Africa, Asia, and North and South America. Common names are water hyssop,waterhyssop, brahmi, thyme-leafed gratiola, herb of grace,and Indian pennywort.

13.) Cryptocoryne aponogetifolia is a native to the Philippines and commonly sold in tropical aquarium trade. Cryptocoryne aponogetifolia is considered easy to cultivate and will grow in moderately hard water if necessary, though it grows naturally in slightly soft water. It prefers moderate to low levels of light.

This water plant is found in Negros, Panay islands in the Visayas and Southwestern part of Luzon. This is also found in the Bicol region. Some of the problems encountered by local aquarium hobbyists is the over harvesting, water pollution of this species.

12.) Rotala rotundifolia is found in many South-East Asian countries has long, thin leaves and 15-30 long stems, 2-3 cm wide including the leaves. Unlike other Rotala species it is relatively undemanding, although it needs good light to produce red leaves.

11.) Salvinia it is a species of floating fern and is related to the other water ferns, including the mosquito fern Azolla. There were about 12 species are recognized with at least 3 are known to be hybrids. This is commonly seen in ponds, rice fields, water ways, pond, irrigation canals and popular in aquarium trade.

10.) Vallisneria genus was named after an Italian (Antonio Vallisner who lived from  May 3, 1661 – Padua to January 18, 1730) He was an Italian medical scientist, physician and naturalist.

2.) Pistia stratiotes commonly called kiapo, kiyapo, quiapo, kuyapo, cuyapo, apon, loloan, water lettuce, water cabbage, tropical duckweed, Nile cabbage or shellflower- Water lettuce is among the world’s most productive freshwater aquatic plants and considered an invasive species in other countries.

In some countries like India ( famine food), Southern parts of China and Africa. Young leaves are usually boiled to remove the acridity from calcium oxalate crystals.

The district of Quiapo in downtown Manila and the town of Cuyapo in Nueva Ecija was name after this plant. There were abundant kiyapo growing the creeks and river tributaries. Some local garden center sells Pistia stratiotes between Php 10.00 to Php 75.00 depending on the size.

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Eichhornia crassipes or Water hyacinth

1.) Eichhornia crassipes, known as water hyacinth or incorrectly called water lily is an aquatic plant native to the Central and South American countries.

Water hyacinth was introduced to the country by the Spaniards in the late 16th century in the country, It is now found in many parts of the world. Sometimes people would incorrectly called this as water lily and a festival is celebrated yearly in Las Piñas City.

Sipag Villar Foundation provides livelihood opportunity to women by helping them make products from water hyacinth. There are many uses of the stems such as wreath, baskets, mats, woven bags, tissue holder and slippers. Their livelihood advocacy had spread in many areas of the country.

However in many parts of the globe, this plant is considered as invasive species.

Bibliography, Sources and References:

Personal Interviews : Mr. Jose Juan Paraiso, Mr. Achilles Antiquina Lussier, Mr. Aira Certeza, Mr. Edwin Aytona, Architect Andrew Patrick Gozon, Ms. Marge Hermoso, Mr. Joselito Flores and Ms. Lily Chin

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The anti-aging effects of Ludwigia octovalvis on Drosophila melanogaster and SAMP8 mice / Wei-Sheng Lin, Jun-Yi Chen, Jo-Chiao Wang, Liang-Yu Chen et al / Age (Dordr), Apr 2014; 36(2): 689-703 / doi:  10.1007/s11357-013-9606-z

Slocum, Perry D., Timber Press, Incorporated; 1st ed. edition (February 1, 2005)Waterlilies and Lotuses: Species, Cultivars, and New Hybrids : ISBN-10:0881926841, ISBN-13:978-0881926842

Randall, Karen A., Sunken Gardens:Timber Press (February 14, 2017) A Step-by Step Guide to Planting Freshwater Aquariums, ISBN-10: 1604695927, ISBN-13: 978-1604695922

Pistia stratiotes” USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, and NOAA Great Lakes Aquatic Non-indigenous Species Information System, Ann Arbor, MI.

“Lemna System for Wastewater Treatment”. National Environmental Technology Applications Corporation. 412: 826–5511.

Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. Norrlinia 24: 1-166.

Lansdown, R.V. 2014. Hydrocotyle vulgaris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T164201A42415437.

Lambert Derek, Quick Graham, Swindells Philip. CompanionHouse Books; First Trade Paper edition (September 1, 2006): ISBN-10 :1931993815, ISBN-13:978-1931993814

Jain, S. K. (1990).Azolla pinnata R.Br. and Lemna minor L. for removal of lead and zinc from polluted water. Water Research 24:2 177-83.

Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.

Hiscock, Peter: Interpet Ltd (April 30, 2005). Mini Encyclopedia of Aquarium Plants, ISBN-10 :1842861042, ISBN-13:978-1842861042

Hassler, Michael & Schmitt, Bernd (January 2020). “Leptochilus pteropus“. Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World. Version 8.20. Retrieved 2020-02-11.

Hasan, M.R. (2009). “Use of algae and aquatic macrophytes as feed in small-scale aquaculture – a review”. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper.

Gleason, H.A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

Garai, S; Mahato, SB; Ohtani, K; Yamasaki, K (2009). “Dammarane triterpenoid saponins from Bacopa monnieri“. Can J Chem. 87 (9): 1230–1234.

Dkhar J, Kumaria S, Rama Rao S, Tandon P (2012) Sequence characteristics and phylogenetic implications of the nrDNA internal transcribed spacers (ITS) in the genus Nymphaea with focus on some Indian representatives. Plant Systematics and Evolution 298: 93–108.

Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater. 1994. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.

Cuyapo, Nueva Ecija website

Coetzee, J., M. Hill, M. Julien, T. Center, and H. Cordo. 2009. Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms–Laub. (Pontederiaceae). Pages 183–210 in R. Muniappan, G. V. P. Reddy, and A. Raman, eds., Biological Control of Tropical Weeds using Arthropods. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Christenhusz, Fay, and Chase (2017). Plants of the World: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Vascular Plants. University of Chicago Press. p. 188.

C. Kasselmann. 2011. Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vellozo) Verdcourt var. santacatarinense Kasselman, var. nov. (Haloragaceae). Aqua Planta 36 (4): 128-133.

Brunner, Gerhard. 1973. Aquarium Plants. T.F.H. Publ., N.J.

Bogner, J., 1990. Filipino Cryptocoryne. Aquarist & Pondkeeper January 1990 : 38.

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Anderson, Lars, and Pat Akers. “Spongeplant: A New Aquatic Weed Threat in the Delta.” Cal-IPC News 19.1 (2011): 4-5. Print.

Sugary Delights of Amazing Glaze Doughnuts and Specialty Drinks

Amazing Glaze is known for the array of doughnuts which are comparable to well-known doughnut company like J.CO or Krispy Creme.

Grabites offers different kinds of non-doughnuts, easy to go food like colored-burgers, shawarmas, fries, coffee, milk tea, lemonade drinks. Excelite catering focus on catering services. These concepts are the brainchild of the proprietor.

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Chef Cherlyn Trudis Liwag proudly showcased her different flavored doughnuts

Chef Cherlyn Trudis- Liwag started from humble beginnings in her grandmother’s kitchen at high school about 19 years ago when her parents gave her a recipe book and tried to make a homemade oatmeal cookie. The oatmeal cookie was an instant hit to her classmates and friends. In 2005, curious on how macaroons are being made, she again began attending classes and workshops.

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She started pursuing her culinary passion and combining different ingredients in the doughnuts. The rest is history with Cherlyn’s success in daring to be a doughnut in a world of plain bagels.

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Grabites and Amazing Glaze signage

This was an early afternoon stopover at this modern industrial cafe and dessert station.

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counter

The interior is well lighted and complemented well for its stylish decor, wooden tables and chair minus the artificial plants.

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Kuya Roy Santiago enjoyed the different doughnuts

We also love the black board with handwritten menu from colored chalks. Regular Doughnuts starts at Php 25.00 while signature cost Php 30.00 each, Cocktail mixture cost Php 35.00.

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menu board

We are the first bloggers and foodie group that visited the shop. The coffee and dessert shop had a sitting capacity of between 20 to 25 people at any given time.

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Amazing glaze had over a dozen different kinds of doughnuts to choose from. Doughnuts are also made in small batches so these are guaranteed freshly made.

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They also have some limited time flavored doughnuts like Nutella- Ferrero flavored doughnuts and M&M flavored doughnuts.

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Galaxy lemonade

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different flavored lemonade drinks

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black charcoal lemonade

Those who are health conscious must try their black charcoal lemonade drink. Charcoal is known for its detoxifying effects since time immemorial. The activated charcoal in black lemonade can reportedly help rid the body of unwanted chemicals. Many people drink black lemonade to help with lowering cholesterol, preventing hangovers and improving bile flow in the body.

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salted duck egg flavored chips

They also have a homemade salted duck flavored chips. The chips are comparable to the ones being sold in bazaars and specialty shops in Metro Manila.

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menu board

The business just recently opened their business to the public in San Miguel, Bulacan last July 29, 2018 and will soon open another branch at Jaen, Nueva Ecija tentatively schedule for October 29, 2018.

Please visit and like their FB page, for latest updates and promos.

Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/amazingglazedoughnuts/

Address: Ground Level, Norberto Consejo Street, Prince Hypermart, San Miguel, Bulacan

Contact Person : Chef Cherlyn Trudis Liwag

Operational Hours: Everyday from  9:00 am to 8:00 pm
Email add: amazingglazedoughnuts@gmail.com
Contact : 09175237637

 

A Tour of Gapan with Mayor Emerson Pascual

Gapan City , Nueva Ecija province -Philippines

Lakbay Lakad Pamana together with the participants of the Gapan Culinary and Heritage Tour arrived past 8:30 am at the Divina Pastora Shrine . Gapan City is planning to open their old historical center to tourist .

group photo

The group was warmly received by Gapan Tourism officers , Mayor Emerson ” Emeng” Pascual of Gapan, AHP Gapan City -Chapter President Mr. Ramon Valmonte and even some residents joined the heritage tour.

Uy family ancestral house

Uy family ancestral house used to be known as Cayetano de Borja ancestral house.

group photo 

 Ms. Cristina De Vera  , Ena Galang and cousin 

Gapan City Hall

Gapan City hall  compound is sprawling with clean hall ways. The cityhall was inaugurated in 2006 by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo .

City Agriculture office 

Techno Pinoy and Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management office

Office of the City Mayor , New Gapan City Hall, Maharlika Highway , Barangay Bayanihan , Gapan City , Nueva Ecija 3105

+63( 44) 4860125

 

 

Delightful Dining Experience at Rustica Restaurant in Gapan

AH26, Gapan City, Nueva Ecija province -Philippines 

Lakbay Lakad Pamana and the rest of the participants have tried one of Nueva Ecija ‘s  iconic restaurant , In fact the restaurant started in Cabanatuan and it had a branch in Gapan City.

Rustica Restaurant ( Gapan )

It is said to be frequented by celebrities , balikbayans and local residents . The restaurant is spacious and an events center.

interior

The restaurant had a sitting capacity of between 200 to 350 with a function area at the second floor.

Rustica -Gapan menu

There are also lauriat or value style meal for those who wanted a sampling of their dishes. Lauriat 1 Php 3,450  Lauriat 2 for Php 5,300 and Lauriat 3 for Php 5,550 ideal for group of 5 to 8 people .  The group ordered 2 lauriat meals .

Italian cheese stick 

fried liempo / lechon kawali with lechon sauce

chicken teriyaki with vegetables

sauteed beef  broccoli 

adobong sugpo sa aligi ng talangka

singang 

Note : The only downside for this restaurant is some of the waiters tend to mix some orders. We would like to ” Thank ” the office of Mayor Emerson ” Emeng ” Pascual and local tourism officer for the accommodation to the group .

Rustica also had branch in Concepcion , Tarlac

Contact:  (044) 958 0994

There is also a Rustica FB site

A Visit to the Ancestral House of Senator Juan R.Liwag of Gapan

Gapan City , Nueva Ecija province -Philippines

Senator Juan R. Liwag was born on June 12, 1906 to  Mr. Diego Liwag and Ms. Isabel Ramos, Juan Liwag finished his elementary schooling as valedictorian at the Gapan Intermediate School. Pin Gapan, Nueva, Ecija. He finished his high school and liberal arts at the University of the Philippines. He completed his law course in the same university as class valedictorian and copped second place in the 1932 bar examination.

family portrait and intricate lattice works on wood 

He started his government service in 1945 as prosecutor in the department of justice. Mr. Liwag was named Judge-at-Large of the Court of First Instance four years later. In 1950, He was appointed District Judge for Albay and Catanduanes part of Bicol provinces. He married Ms. Consuelo Joson with whom he had four children.

Senator Juan R. Liwag photos and memorabilias

In 1952, he was appointed Solicitor- General, a position he held until 1954. In 1961, he was appointed Undersecretary of Justice. He became Secretary of Justice on May 19 of the same year. He was elected Senator in 1963 and served up to 1969.

The interior of the house is furnish with hardwood furniture and fixtures 

There is also a mini-library located at the ground floor . The ceiling is made from pinukpuk , iron sheet ceiling which is among the prominent features of the house . The ceiling is painted white.

collection of spoons from different parts of the world

staircase going to the second floor

Prior to his election in the Senate, Liwag served in various capacities in the executive and judicial branches of the government. He was also one of the most outstanding senator during his time.

art deco -style architecture 

The house had a nice large garden , similar to those found in old houses with large sprawling trees , manicured lawn , orchids , plants , some dogs and gooses. There is also a grand staircase with initial DL – This was probably from initials of his father . The house was built around mid-1920’s.

Architect Amie Singcuenco-Balatbat admires the large specimen sized-Cymbidium finlaysonianum and Aerides quinquivulnera naturalized on a coconut palm

Lakbay Lakad Pamana together with Mr. Ramon Valmonte ( local historian , professor , heritage advocate ) and a couple of guests were able to tour inside the house of the senator .

The house is private, hence a prior permission must be secure for those who wanted to visit .

Note : photos are taken by the author with permission .

For those interested in joining the tour , Call Or Text 0923 346 7575
Email: lakad_pamana@yahoo.com.ph

Gapan Culinary and Heritage Tour FB

References:

(Valenzuela, Rodrigo: “Know Them – A Book of Biographies; p. 102-103, 1966.)

Profile :Office of the Solicitor General

Senate : Senator Juan R. Liwag

Mr. Ramon Valmonte : http://monvalmonte.com/liwag/