Tag Archives: Orchids

Mr. Ramon Calado Farm revisited

Antipolo City, Rizal Province-Philippines

Aerial plants like Tillandsia ionantha , orchids, hoyas and dischidias greet every visitor to his farm

Happy Easter to all avid readers! During my pilgrimage to Antipolo City on Maundy Thursday – April 17, 2014. We happened to know a common friend and decided to make an appointment with Mr. Ramon Calado.

Ascocentrum miniatum from Thailand and other parts of Southeast Asia

Mr. Ramon Calado is a breeder of orchids ( for at least 40 years !) and ornamental plants. He is also into ornamental fish keeping and i saw two 20 gallon of red cherry shrimps .  I know that there are some serious orchid collectors which resides near or within Antipolo City . Personalities like Tita Betty Duterte, Mr. Arsenio Sy, Dr. Glen Bulmer ( just passed away ) Ms. Girlie , Mr. Nonito Dolera , Mrs. Adelia R. Angeles ( decease )  among others.

Asplenium musifolium ( Cobra )

I have met him several years ago when he was the guest speaker in one of the orchid and garden shows that i have attended. I did not know anything about Mr. Calado until my father who use to work at Federal Agricultural Company in San Miguel , Bulacan  told me that he use to be one of the prime movers and technical consultant at the orchid farm. The farm   was established in the early 1990’s within the agricultural estate of the Typocos .


We used to visit the orchid farm in the early days of the operation and bought some Dendrobium University of Hawaii white variety . It was the fad among orchid collector and backyard grower in our place several years ago. The flowers are long lasting and had a sampaguita ( faint smell) which the housewives and backyard growers adore.

medinilla seedlings

orchid seedlings in community pots

There are some regular buyers of orchid seedling from different parts of the Philippines and  foreign buyers. His orchid hybrids can withstand the intense rainfall and have acclimatize under Philippine condition – that is ‘why’ some farm owners would buy his stock of orchid seedling on a regular basis. They are more hardy compared to the imported Dendrobium hybrid seedlings from Thailand.

Vanda Manila

Euanthe sanderiana

I am really amazed with such a small space and area, The combined lot area is is barely 600 square meters- ( 2 lots) can accommodate all those orchid seedlings and ornamental plants plus all those hanging tillandsias, hoyas and dischidias!


Phalaenopsis equestris

Link of previous article 2009: https://renz15.wordpress.com/2009/11/08/mr-ramon-calado-orchid-and-ornamental-farm-in-antipolo/

For appointments  :

Mr. Ramon Calado

Address: Lot4 Blk1 Richmond st. , Hilltown Executive. Village. , Mambugan Antipolo City.

Email: orchids_bymoncalado@yahoo.com

Landline : (02) 782-64-45

(0917) 336 4124 GLOBE

66th Mid- Year Orchid and Garden Show

 Philippine Orchid Society in cooperation with Quezon City government , Quezon Memorial Circle park management  announces the 66th mid-year orchid and garden show from August 30, 2012 ( exclusive opening to members, vips, invited guests and media)   to September 10, 2012. This year theme is ” Gardening is More Fun in the Philippines ” adapting the tourism slogan of the Department of Tourism.

Entrance fee of Php 30 general public and Php 20 pesos for students and senior citizens with valid ID’s .

Highlight of this event includes  the national orchid competition , orchid landscape exhibit and competition, ornamental landscape exhibit and competition , flower arrangement exhibition and competition , Best in Show , Best in Waling-waling and among others. Lecture and seminar workshop will start on August 31, 2012 . For more information about the upcoming show and schedule of daily lectures :

Office Secretariat : 929-44-25 Ms. Jenny F. Rivera and Dhonnah Masaoy

 cell phone  +63917.8431150 ( Mrs. Evangeline Go), +63906.272.0161 (Kelvin Neil B. Manubay)

Website link: http://www.philippineorchidsociety.com/

* Note :  This publicity material and poster was just send via Facebook page from the Office SECRETARIAT of the Philippine Orchid Society .  ( Still to  be announce will be  lecture topic series, theme and guest/s of honor  by the board of directors and show committee )

20th World Orchid Congress stamp issue

Singapore is proud to be the host for the 20th World Orchid Conference (WOC). The 20th WOC.theme : “Where New and Old World Orchids Meet” will be held from 13-20 November, 2011 at Marina Bay.

20th World Orchid Congress commemorative stamp issue

Singapore which is located in South East Asia, is truly one of the richest centers of tropical biodiversity, and a reputed center of origin of the Orchid family. The orchid Vanda “Miss Joaquim” is the National Flower of Singapore.To mark this international event, Singapore will be issuing five stamps on various orchids. Renanthera 20th WOC Singapore 2011: This official flower of the show, exhibit and conference . This red orchid is free flowering and produces long lasting blooms all year round. The red blossoms signify prosperity, wealth and success.Grammatophyllum speciosum: This is largest orchid in the world with sprays of lowers two meters or more in length. Also known as the Tiger Orchid because markings on the flowers resemble that of the skin of a tiger.

Dendrobium World Peace: The well shaped, good texture flowers of some 7cm across, come with white or creamy petals and sepals that are veined light purple. The vigorous hybrid commemorates the 50th anniversary of the United Nations in 1995.Vanda Miss Joaquim: Named after the originator, Miss Agnes Joquim in 1893, Vanda Miss Joaquim was chosen as the National Flower of Singapore on 15th April, 1981.

First Day Cover issue – pre-cancelled

Cyrtocidium Goldinana: This flower is widely known as a “Golden Shower” in Singapore and other parts of the world. where it has been a staple cut flower in the early years. The elegant yellow flower gives an overall impression of a ball-room dancer in a voluminous skirt lending itself to be also called the “Dancing Ladies”.

Souvenir sheet with affixed with stamps – $5.05

Stamp technical design:

The set comprises of 5 stamps and a collector sheet. The stamps are Vanda Miss Joaquim , Renathera 20th WOC Singapore 2011 (45 c), Dendrobium World Peace (65c), Cyrtocidium Goldiana (80c) and Grammatophyllum speciosum($2). The Collector sheet ( Souvenir Sheet) has a face value of $5 and it features a basket of the flowers depicting the flowers in the stamp issue. The first day cover without stamps would cost 25 c, set of mint stamps- $4.16.

Article from:

Ascocentrum aurantiacum subsp. philippinense

Ascocentrum aurantiacum subsp. philippinense 1992

Ascocentrum aurantiacum (J.J. Sm.) Schltr. 1913 was first established in 1913 by a German taxonomist, botanist and author on several books Mr. Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter (Berlin  born October 16, 1872 Berlin / died November 15, 1925 Berlin ).He was the curator of the Berlin Botanical Museum and orchid specialist. He explored Africa, Indonesia, New Guinea, Australia , Central and South America  . His vast herbarium was destroyed during the bombing of Berlin in 1945.

This orchid species with 7 spikes is grown by the author for more than 5 years

This orchid sub- species was reclassified in 1992 by Dr. Eric Christenson . He  is a research taxonomist with strong interests in the Aeridinae (Sarcanthinae), neotropical floristics, and the conservation of horticultural plants. He authored a monograph of Phalaenopsis for the International Phalaenopsis Alliance (IPA) in 2001.   Dr. Christenson is known for his articles that attempt to bridge the gap between taxonomy and horticulture as well as his in-depth book reviews. He is a strong advocate for orchid conservation, particularly ex situ propagation, and actively works with commercial growers to that end.

close -up of the inflorescence

This orchid sub-species is found in many parts of the Philippines at elevations up to 1,200 meters elevation. Its growth is monopodial in warm climates growing epiphyte in forest  blooms after a short period of dry season from late February to late May .

This orchid species  is quite popular among orchid collectors which appreciate their orange flowers . Their minuscule flowers are bore on erect 10 centimeter long stem , many flowered , racemose inflorescence  are about 1 centimeter.

Ascocentrum miniatum in Vietnam flowering in-situ

Other species of the genus Ascocentrum may be found in other Southeast Asian countries from Himalayas,  India, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China , Malaysia, Indonesia . They have a short, simple to bifurcate stem (max. 15-18 cm) with an upright, compact, conical to racemose inflorescence, consisting of smaller brightly colored flowered . These flowers have a prominent spur and a strap-like lip. Their bright colors vary between yellow, orange, red and pink.

Kagawara an inter-generic orchid hybrid

This orange orchid species is highly desirable  parent breeding material for producing the colorful Ascocendas, Kagawara  and Mokaras which add shades of orange, pink, purple , yellowish colored flower and is popular cut flower industry in Southeast Asia.

There were about 70 man made inter generic  genus and thousands of hybrids produced.


Ames ,Oakes . 1944 . Destruction of the Schlechter Herbarium by Bombing . Amer. Orch .Soc .Bull . 13 ,no.4.

Ames , Oakes . 1933. Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter -1872-1925.Amer . Orch Soc. Bull. 2, no.2.

American Orchid Society Bulletin Vol 55 No 2 1986

A to Z of SE Asian Orchid Species O’Byrne 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002

Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 ; Ascocentrum aurantiacum

Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel2003

3rd Philippine International Flora and Fauna Green Living Expo 2010

The organizers  would like to welcome you to the 3rd Philippine International Flora and Fauna Green Living Expo (PIFGEX 3) with the theme “Gifts of Nature” to be held on July 22-25, 2010 at the World Trade Center, Pasay City.

PIFGEX 2010 poster

We endeavor to bring together and educate people about the Philippine’s natural beauty, its rich yet fragile biodiversity, its endearing culture and also, its unique products.

PIFGEX is the first event that has brought together both government and private industry. It is one of the major projects that RPN Flora and Fauna Inc. organizes annually.

year’s event gave an opportunity for companies, government and private groups to exhibit their products and ideas to the greater public and to special targeted groups. In past shows we have offered exhibitors a chance to talk and make presentations about their products, ideas or services. We also have special interest areas set aside such as live animal displays and provide some exhibitors a display area in the front of the venue as a secondary showcase area. This has been a very successful format allowing exhibitors to introduce new and current products in the market place. Our media partners like Manila Bulletin, Philippine Daily Star, Philippine Daily Inquirer, Business Mirror and Business World has also extended their help and support by way of reaching our intended audience.

The exposition will also be attended by representative exhibitors from different regions of the Philippines. The participation and great contributions of these regions, through the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), helps to accentuate the issue of environmental awareness, as well as share visuals and informations about their place and their industries.

It is  a collaboration of major and developing companies, NGO’s and the government sector to elevate public awareness about what we have to offer, and how our companies and groups are doing their part in the urgent call to revive our land and our planet and in caring for our country’s resources. Together we can make this a crusade and our personal commitment to our country and the environment. Recent calamities have shown we need to take a more proactive role in environmental protection wherein each individual can play their part. Education is an important part of this process and PIFGEX is the only trade show that addresses this important concern.

RPN Flora and Fauna Inc. will continue to improve and innovate in future shows giving exhibitors a chance to discuss and introduce new products and ideas that could contribute to the greening of our country, and reduce industrial and consumer wastes.

Proceeds from the event will be used to fund all expeditions that RPN Flora and Fauna Inc. has been organizing for the research, survey, documentation and eventually, the creation of books that will showcase the flora and fauna of the Philippines from the Batanes group of islands up to the island of Tawi-Tawi.  Let us all become a part of this urgent and worthwhile project that is of great help in upbringing further interest to study and preserve our wildlife and our country as a whole.

Should you need more information, please call Mr. Delmer Rivera at (02) 534 9826 or 0905 3538487 or email him at // events@philippinefloraandfauna.org

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We have attached an application form for you to fill up, should you wish to exhibit again in PIFGEX .

Department of Education Culture and Sports issued a DepED Advisory no . 6 series 2010 dated January 11, 2010  endorsing the event to all public and private academic institution all over the country to come and visit the event.

Articles from : PIFGEX 2010 website

Events Highlight:

CHED- This institution highly endorses this event for college and universities from all over the country. The event will draw livelihood seminars, educational information from academe , industry and practitioners .

Department Of Environment and Natural Resources – This government institution will have an exhibit and a special conference will be attended by top DENR officials.

Partner Exhibitors:
AANI – One of the largest Agriculture,Aqua -Fisheries , Environmental , Organic, Educational , Inventor  organizations  will proudly showcase their products, services and new technologies in the event.

BIOMOD- is a computer platform for ensemble forecasting of species distributions, enabling the treatment of a range of methodological uncertainties in models and the examination of species-environment relationships.

Filipinas Stamp Collectors’ Club – One of the most dynamic stamp societies in the Philippines which popularized the FREE Postal Heritage Walking Tours around the city with the use of stamps as a guide will exhibit rare and endemic Flora and Fauna on stamps. A lecture series by Mr. Lawrence Chan (VP) on July 22 and 23, 2010 will also focus on how to start collecting stamps on thematic like flora and fauna on stamps.

Filipino Inventors Society – Will showcase distinctive and unique Philippine made inventions that are truly world class .

Flower Club Philippines- with modern and stylized art of flower arrangement , These group of young creative designers raises flower arrangement into an unique blend of modern and contemporary design fit for modern lifestyles.

Planet Earth T-shirt – Export oriented t-shirt company . These wonderfully crafted t-shirt are pioneer in environmental designs such as animal motifs , flora and glow in the dark shirt.

Earth Institute, Asia – This international research and development institute provide environmental advocate and educating the public through mass media critical issues like Climate Change, Environmental degradation among others .

Bayer Health Care- One of the leading companies in the world will provide interesting product demonstrations and innovative product lines for health and environment .

Klub Natur – will exhibit unique environmental photography and landscape settings.

Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office- This organization will provide selected indigent communities a livelihood opportunities in turning waste products into profitable fashion items such as recycled bags, recycled newspaper , fashion accessories, gift items among others.

Pepsi Philippines- One of the world’s most famous beverage company will sponsor the outdoor tents and product sampling during the show.

Mister cool – Philippines largest outdoor cooling de-humidifier equipment .

Rizal Technological University – One of the largest technical , tertiary universities in the country will display and showcase its mushroom and urban gardening modules.

Field Trips from various schools, colleges and universities from all over the country and the world .

Horticulture 2010

The Philippine Horticultural Society ( PHS) the Philippines counterpart of the Royal Horticultural Society-London will be having their 34th annual show , with the theme ” It is a Green World After All ” . The aim of this year show to to promote awareness on the re-greening of our urban metropolis , our garden and homes.

Exclusive Opening will be on January 29, 2009 Friday (By invitation only)

Date: January 30 to February 9, 2010
Manila Seedling Bank Foundation Greenhouse #2 . EDSA corner Quezon Avenue, Quezon City

With the effects of climate change and global warming a serious threat to the humanity and to all living things . Re-greening our homes and communities is never far behind.

There will be daily lectures and seminars , national competition for best landscape exhibit, best plant in show , etc . and endless photo opportunities for forumers, bloggers, garden enthusiasts , plant lover, collector of plants from all over the Philippines and the world.

Educational tours from different schools and universities from across the country.

Horticulture 2010 tarpaulin poster at the corner of EDSA and Quezon Avenue

What to expect from the show?

bonsai on display, rare cactus and succulent collections, natural stones and suiseiki , orchids, ornamental plants, ferns , native trees, landscaping , flowering annuals and perennials , cycads, palms ,plant competition.

Daily Schedule of Lectures

Date Time Topic Lecturer
January 30, 2010 10:00a.m. Vermiculture (Earthworm) Mr. Tony De Castro
2:00 p.m. Avant-garde Flower Arrangement Ms. Pearl Banaag of World Flower Council
January 31, 2010 10:00 a.m. Orchid Growing Mr. C.V. Lazaro
2:00 p.m. Flower Arrangement (Ikebana) Mr. Serapion Metilla
February 1, 2010 10:00 a.m. Dona Aurora and other Mussaendas Mr. Fernando Aurigue
2:00 p.m. Hoyas Ms. Teresa Baldonado
February 2, 2010 10:00 a.m. Urban Gardening Mr. David Balila
2:00 p.m. Growing Native Ferns (Propagation and Culture) Mr. Modesto Manglicmot
February 3, 2010 10:00 a.m. Reishi: Ancient Secret to Traditional Medicine Mr. Dan Perilla
2:00 p.m. Native Trees (Philippine Native Trees for Landscaping) Mr. Patrick Gozon
February 4, 2010 10:00a.m. Cooking Using Edible Weeds Mr. Nonito Dolera
2:00 p.m. Aquatic Gardening Mr. Nestor Gregorio
February 5, 2010 10:00 a.m. Climate Change: Its Causes and Effects Ms. Lourdes Tibig – Ateneo de Manila Observatory

2:00 p.m. starting a native plant collection- Mr. Anthony Arbias

February 6,2010 10:00 a.m. Basic Gardening Made Easy Mr. George Sahagun
2:00 p.m. Anthurium Ms. Vangie Go
February 7,2010 10:00 a.m. Money Making Opportunities in Farming Mr. Zacarias Sarian – Manila Bulletin Agriculture – editor
2:00 p.m. Saikei (Bonsai in Tree Landscape) and Stone Appreciation Mrs. Fely Gupit
February 8,2010 10:00 a.m. Green Irrigation – water wise green irrigation a novel approach Mr. Philip Choo

Entrance fee of P10.00 for students and senior citizens with valid ID’s , P20.00 for general public

Horticulture 2010 Show Committee

Show Chairman :Architect Buth Duque
Co- Chairperson: Architect Patricia “ Wendy” Regalado / Mrs. Adoracion S. Bernabe
Physical Arragement :Mr. Simon Salem
Commercial Stall: Mrs. Tess Baldonado
Ways & Means :Mrs. Norma Villanueva
Publicity: Mr. Serapion Metilla
Invitation: Mrs. Fely Gupit
Lecture Series: Mrs. Lina Gueco
Plant Registration: Mr. George Yao
Judging : Mr. Fernando Aurigue
Awards and Prizes : Mr. Fernando Aurigue
Newsletter / Souvenir Program: Mrs. Elisa Montecastro
Reception:  Mrs. Glo Razon , Vicky Valle, Tess Gomez, Ina Cornejero
Opening Program : Mrs. May Dumlao
Master of Ceremonies: Dr. Aurora Lianko
Documentation: Mrs. Adoracion S. Bernabe
Security :Mr. Victor Losanta
Exhibits : Mr. Orlan
Tickets : Mrs. Gloria Razon
Finance:  Mrs. Elisa Montecastro
Officers of the day Ms. Ina Conejero, Ate Glo, Ms. Tess Gomez, Mrs. Norma Villanueva, Mr. Lawrence Chan, Ms. Vicky Valle, Mrs. Elisa Montecastro , Ms. Ine Lopez, Ms. Virgie Neo

For more information about the show / sponsorship and stall rentals
Contact details:

Architect Buth Duque – Overall show chairperson
Landline # (632) 490-52-39 office hour

Mrs. Teresa Baldonado – Commercial and Booth rentals

Mr. Macky – Secretariat
Landline telephone # (632) 377-02-34 Monday to Saturday -office hours 9:00 am to 6p.m.

Orchids in Philippine Landscape

In the city’s high-rise condominiums, posh residential villages or in the remote

barangays all over the country, orchids can add  lovely colors , amazing beauty that

dazzle one’s creative  imagination  and various artistic landscaping styles in every

garden. The tropical climate in the Philippines in which many of the native orchids

species as well as thousands of  hybrids that are accustomed with, provide an opportunity

for professional landscapers or just simple hobbyists with a few orchids and ornamental

plants  to use orchids as a landscape  subjects or as a focal point in the garden. Some

gardeners or hobbyists  tend to cultivate orchids for good luck charm or prosperity .

People grow epiphytic orchids in fruit trees or trees in their own garden. In

selecting a suitable host tree, a good host tree should have rough bark, not too dense

canopy. The orchid roots will attach to the host, so the trees with smooth bark, or barks

that can easily peels off  the trees regularly will not be a good host . Trees with heavy

canopy that tends to block the sunlight is not that suitable in growing orchids, If the lawn

grass will not grow under the peculiar tree, the lighting conditions in the area might not

be right to grow orchids. There are a lot of ideal host trees, which makes an ideal host for

epiphytes like orchids, hoyas, dischidias , ferns among others. One of the ideal host trees

which is  fondly called Kakawate tree (  Gliricidia sepium )  This shade tree was

introduced  in the late 16th century  from Mexico , where it is grown as a favorite shade

tree in cocoa plantations hence  the name “ Madre de cacao” in local vernacular in

Tagalog .

Dendrobium hybrid

This tree is planted as a border plant in various places throughout the country, this

plant is also used in livestock feeding . Mature trees are usually cut off and then made

into driftwood with either steel  or cement  support at its base.  Another is the coconut

tree (Cocos nucifera) which is  extensively grown all over the country as crop or

landscaped focal point of the garden  . Bunga China ( Veitchia merrillii  ) the solitary and

slender palm may grow up to 6 meter tall and found  commonly cultivated throughout the

country , Choose the palms with clear trunk below the foliage and rough texture on the

trunk it is where you can tie or secure an orchid to grow. Other common fruit trees,

which are also ideal host  trees are Jackfruit ( Artocarpus heterophyllus ), Santol

( Sandoricum koetjape ) However make sure that before the onset of the rainy season try

to prune the trees so that it is not too shady for orchids . Mango (Mangifera indica) this

tree is ideal to grow Aerides quinquevulnera , Dendrobium anosmum , However do not

attempt in putting any Phalaenopsis orchids in the tree since this tree harbor some insects

like June beetle  grubs (salagubang beetles ) which may attack the leaves of the

Palaenopsis . Caimito tree (Chrysophyllum cainito), other common trees that are also

suitable for planting orchids . Our very own narra or angsana tree

( Prerocarpus indicus ).  In large estate  or garden clubs, Huge acacia or

rain tree ( Samanea saman )  serves as an ideal host tree.  There are several reasons

“ why” this tree is an ideal host for epiphytes. The wide spreading branches provide

convenient places for the orchids and ferns to thrive , while its scaly bark helps to trap

dust  and nutrients , the bark of this tree can also retain moisture . The folding of its

leaves during the evening , or  before a thunderstorms allows for dew and rains to

reach the inner areas of the crown where these epiphytes can be found.

This tree was introduced from South America in the 1840’s and is planted in many parts

of the country including the official residence of the first family in Malacañang Palace .

Epiphytes can be seen in the several centuries –old rain trees that are found within

the  presidential compound . These plants adds mystery and charm to the landscape

gardens of the palace. These are just a few examples.  You can examine at the trees and

palms which are growing in your garden .  Once you have selected your ideal host tree,

check the actual position of the tree and the amount of light falling on the trunk or

branches on several times of the day  . On the exposed palm trunk or tree branch

receiving full sun much of the day , the best orchids to establish are Vanda teres, semi-

teres  Vandas.

Another favorite flowering shrub which was also introduced from Central America which

is also an ideal host tree is Kalachuchi or Frangipani , This tree is not only known for its

flowers but also an ideal host for orchids like Cattleyas .

If you are planning to plant several orchids in the garden, always remember that

orchid species and hybrids had  different  blooming seasons and patterns.

You can also add other epiphytic plants like ferns, hoyas, dischidias to

accompany the orchids . This can make your garden a more tropical appeal. If you  had

already chosen a tree , choose a location that is above adult eye level or in a spot where

you can easily spot  and enjoy the flowers .  Attached the orchid to the trunk with plastic

coated wire or plastic garden straw  , making it sure that the orchid is properly secure and

does not wobble in order to hold the plant temporarily while its roots are taking hold of

the host tree . Once the orchid is established  (This can take from six months to more

than one  year) then that is the time you can remove the wires. Be sure not to choke the

tree trunk or branches as the tree will need some space to grow.

You can try to mist the orchids regularly, and you can fertilize the orchids once you can

see the roots grasp the host  tree  . Once fully established you can add slow release

fertilizers , and the orchid might need regular watering during the dry season .  It is also

wise to grow these orchids into a large  specimen type, since it can be dramatic when

these plants comes into blooms .

Terrestrial orchids can also be successfully cultivated in many gardens all over the

country .  Arundina bambusaefolia which is a plant with a cylindrical stem three to five

feet in height , which resemble a small bamboos and has a number of narrow grass like

leaves , short and few flowered . Plants of this species should be grown in a compost of

rich humus loam with adequate drainage . Its Cattleya- like flowers blooms almost the

entire year however the flower lasts only for two or three days. Other popular terrestrial

orchids are Spathoglottis plicata which is grown either in pots or in beds all over the

country .  Growing these wonderful orchids can add beauty and grace to one’s garden be

it a small windowsill , an apartment or an extensive haciendas in the province .